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Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction

Stephen Wilkinson

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273966
eISBN:
9780191706585
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273966.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

To what extent should parents be allowed to use selection technologies (such as preimplantation genetic diagnosis) to determine the characteristics of their children? And is there something morally ... More


Choosing Children: Genes, Disability, and Design

Jonathan Glover

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199290925
eISBN:
9780191710452
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290925.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Progress in genetic and reproductive technology now offers us the possibility of choosing what kinds of children we do and don't have. Should we welcome this power, or should we fear its ... More


Introduction

A. H. Halsey

in A History of Sociology in Britain: Science, Literature, and Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266609
eISBN:
9780191601019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266603.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

It is becoming standard for sociologists to preface their books with a brief autobiography. This I have done, emphasizing belief in the potency of politics as the atmosphere of LSE in the 1940s. A ... More


Monkey in the Middle: Hanuman and His Kin in Transcultural Discourse

Philip Lutgendorf

in Hanuman's Tale: The Messages of a Divine Monkey

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195309225
eISBN:
9780199785391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309225.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter focuses on a theme implicit in much of the book: the relationship of Hanuman's simian form to the mediatory religious role he assumes and to the “messages” he so effectively delivers. It ... More


In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Desmond King

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

King investigates historical examples of social policies that conflict with liberal democratic precepts by treating some individuals differently than others. His central thesis is that existing ... More


‘Cutting Off the Worst’ Voluntary Sterilization in Britain in the 1930s

Desmond King

in In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

King briefly reviews the historical and intellectual context in which the concept of eugenics developed and eventually led to the formation of the 1932 ‘Brock Committee’, which was charged with ... More


‘The Gravest Menace?’ American Immigration Policy

Desmond King

in In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

King uses historical archival research to examine American immigration policy's formulation between 1900 and 1930, and illustrates how racial quotas and eugenic categories shaped restrictions on ... More


‘Reconditioning the Unemployed’: Work Camps in Britain

Desmond King

in In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

King documents the establishment and operation of British Instructional Centres from 1929–38, ‘labour camps’, which also featured physical training and reconditioning classes. He argues that, unlike ... More


A Theory of Unborn Life: From Abortion to Genetic Manipulation

Anja J. Karnein

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199782475
eISBN:
9780199933297
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782475.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

In light of new biomedical technologies, such as artificial reproduction, stem cell research, genetic selection and design, the question of what we owe to future persons and unborn life more ... More


Marriage and the State

Joanna L. Grossman and Lawrence M. Friedman

in Inside the Castle: Law and the Family in 20th Century America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149820
eISBN:
9781400839773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149820.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter explores the rise and fall of marriage restrictions rooted in racism and eugenics, as well as the persistence of other, more enduring, impediments to marriage—like bigamy, incest, and ... More


INFORMED CONSENT AND RISK: The Intersection of Human Research and Genetics

Frederick Grinnell

in Everyday Practice of Science: Where Intuition and Passion Meet Objectivity and Logic

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195064575
eISBN:
9780199869442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064575.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Chapter 5 presents an overview of ethical challenges to human research, especially the paradoxical relationship between research risks (mostly to the subject) and benefits (mostly to society and ... More


Twilight Converts

Christine Rosen

in Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195156799
eISBN:
9780199835218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515679X.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

By the mid-1930s, when the eugenics movement was under steady attack by geneticists, social scientists, Catholics, and conservative Protestants, it nevertheless continued to garner some religious ... More


White Thin Bone: Yeatsian Personhood

Oren Izenberg

in Being Numerous: Poetry and the Ground of Social Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144832
eISBN:
9781400836529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144832.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter examines the philosophical origins and political urgencies of William Butler Yeats's demand for “perfection” and “completeness.” It begins with a discussion of Yeats's conception of ... More


The Beginning of Life

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter deals with the beginning of life by probing in greater detail the ethics of sexual and asexual procreation in the light of certain reproductive technologies that transgress the boundaries ... More


Eugenics and the Expressivist Argument

Stephen Wilkinson

in Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273966
eISBN:
9780191706585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273966.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The Eugenics Argument says that screening out disability is wrong because it is a form of eugenics. This chapter defends the view that this argument cannot overcome certain problems: notably the fact ... More


Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement

Christine Rosen

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195156799
eISBN:
9780199835218
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515679X.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Preaching Eugenics tells the story of a heretofore-unexamined group of eugenics enthusiasts in the early half of the 20th century: American religious leaders. It describes how ... More


Racial Metaphors: Interpreting Sex and AIDS in Africa

Eileen Stillwaggon

in AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195169270
eISBN:
9780199783427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169271.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines Western preconceptions regarding African sexuality that distorted early research on the social context of AIDS in Africa and continue to limit the scope of preventive policies. ... More


In Search of New Beginnings

Kiran Klaus Patel

in The New Deal: A Global History

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149127
eISBN:
9781400873623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149127.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the early New Deal years and explores the Roosevelt administration's initiatives while putting them in global context. The New Deal sought to relativize the culture of ... More


Fervent Charity

Christine Rosen

in Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195156799
eISBN:
9780199835218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515679X.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter traces the interaction of some of the earliest Protestant and Catholic supporters of the eugenics movement, and describes the earliest efforts to form an institutional eugenics movement. ... More


Eugenicists Discover Jesus

Christine Rosen

in Preaching Eugenics: Religious Leaders and the American Eugenics Movement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195156799
eISBN:
9780199835218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515679X.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter explores the creation and growth of the American Eugenics Society, whose energetic efforts to woo religious supporters met with remarkable success throughout the 1920s. The chapter ... More


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