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On Virtue Ethics

Rosalind Hursthouse

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

On Virtue Ethics is an exposition and defence of neo‐Aristotelian virtue ethics. The first part discusses the ways in which it can provide action guidance and action assessment, which ... More


INTRINSIC CONCERN FOR OTHERS

David O. Brink

in Perfectionism and the Common Good: Themes in the Philosophy of T. H. Green

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199266401
eISBN:
9780191600906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266409.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Aristotle's and Green's concern for the common good. It is argued that both Aristotle and Green have the analytic resources to provide a eudaimonist justification of ... More


Introduction

A. W. Price

in Virtue and Reason in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199609611
eISBN:
9780191731846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609611.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Eudaimonia is a focal concept in Plato and Aristotle. It is commonly rendered by ‘happiness’, which is alright if that term is used in a non-determinate sense. It connotes acting ... More


Economics and Happiness: Framing the Analysis

Luigino Bruni and Pier Luigi Porta (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286287
eISBN:
9780191603006
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286280.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This is the first comprehensive book on the return of happiness in economics. It still sounds comparatively unusual to put happiness and economics together. At the same time, the association appears ... More


Socrates' Speech: The Aim of Erōs

Frisbee C. C. Sheffield

in Plato's Symposium: The Ethics of Desire

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286775
eISBN:
9780191713194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286775.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter examines Socrates' account of the aim of eros. At different points in his speech, Socrates specifies three aims of eros: the good, reproduction in beauty, and immortality. This chapter ... More


Towards a Theory of Self-Segregation as a Response to Relative Deprivation: Steady-State Outcomes and Social Welfare

Oded Stark and You Qiang Wang

in Economics and Happiness: Framing the Analysis

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286287
eISBN:
9780191603006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286280.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter discuss a theoretical case of self-segregation when a distaste for deprivation is prominent. The analysis suggests a new operational measure for social welfare, and paves the way to ... More


Happiness and Individualism: A Very Difficult Union

Stefano Zamagni

in Economics and Happiness: Framing the Analysis

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286287
eISBN:
9780191603006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286280.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

The basis of the reductionism affecting the economic discourse is not so much to be found in the assumption of self-interested behaviour. The real limit of economic thinking, especially today, lies ... More


Introduction

Luigino Bruni and Pier Luigi Porta

in Economics and Happiness: Framing the Analysis

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286287
eISBN:
9780191603006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286280.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter reviews happiness literature with some considerable attempts to trace its sources in retrospect. It contributes to the possible solutions to the paradoxes of happiness. Reciprocity and ... More


Rethinking Public Economics: The Implications of Rivalry and Habit

Richard Layard

in Economics and Happiness: Framing the Analysis

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286287
eISBN:
9780191603006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286280.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

Rivalry and habit have often been conceived in terms of irrationality or externality by mainstream economists. This chapter argues that this perspective is insufficient. The two classes of phenomena ... More


Mill between Aristotle and Bentham

Martha C. Nussbaum

in Economics and Happiness: Framing the Analysis

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286287
eISBN:
9780191603006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286280.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

Through a reading of J.S. Mill’s celebrated Autobiography, this chapter offers a challenging philosophical reflection on comparing (or contrasting) happiness and eudaimonia.


Happiness and Political Philosophy: The Case of Nancy Mitford versus Evelyn Waugh

Matt Matravers

in Economics and Happiness: Framing the Analysis

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286287
eISBN:
9780191603006
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286280.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter argues that appeals to subjective welfare are essential in the construction of justice offered by theorists. The role of happiness has been significant in both the utilitarian and virtue ... More


Introduction

Jon D. Mikalson

in Greek Popular Religion in Greek Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199577835
eISBN:
9780191723063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577835.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

The introduction opens with a survey of the topics covered, an example of the method, and a listing of the philosophers included in the study. There follows a section on religious terminology in ... More


Happiness and Human Good

Philippa Foot

in Natural Goodness

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235088
eISBN:
9780191597428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235089.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Foot considers the view that practical rationality is nothing but the pursuit of happiness, which constitutes an objection to the account of practical rationality developed in the preceding chapters. ... More


Happiness and Luck (NE I and X.6–8)

Howard J. Curzer

in Aristotle and the Virtues

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693726
eISBN:
9780191738890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693726.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

An enormous amount has been written about Aristotle’s account of happiness, almost all of it focused on the question of whether the supremely happy life of X.6–8 is a contemplative life or a ... More


On the Disadvantages of Being a Complex Organism: Aristotle and the scala naturae

Catherine Osborne

in Dumb Beasts and Dead Philosophers: Humanity and the Humane in Ancient Philosophy and Literature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199282067
eISBN:
9780191712944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282067.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Does Aristotle have a scala naturae in which humans are ranked higher than the other animals? Is it better to be human than to be something else? This chapter shows that Aristotle's sequence of ... More


Virtue Egoism

Alison Hills

in The Beloved Self: Morality and the Challenge from Egoism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199213306
eISBN:
9780191594212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213306.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One response to the challenge of Egoism is to deny that there is a distinction between reasons of self-interest and moral reasons. Aristotle, for instance, claimed that the good life, the life of ... More


Virtues and Other Selves

Talbot Brewer

in The Retrieval of Ethics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557882
eISBN:
9780191720918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557882.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

A central thesis of Aristotelian virtue ethics is that practical wisdom cannot be captured in a tractable set of general principles. This raises the question how virtue might be learned and how we ... More


The Ends of Life

Anthony Kenny

in Aristotle on the Perfect Life

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240174
eISBN:
9780191680106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240174.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Aristotle was the first philosopher to attempt a systematic account of practical reasoning, just as he was the first philosopher to systematize theoretical logic. In his practical philosophy, he is ... More


Did Aristotle and Kant Produce Moral “Theories”?

Robert B. Louden

in Morality and Moral Theory: A Reappraisal and Reaffirmation

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195072921
eISBN:
9780199852925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072921.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses some of Aristotle and Kant's remarks about the nature of their own work in ethics in an attempt to show that their conceptions of moral theory differ strongly from the idea of ... More


Embodied Virtue, Self-Cultivation, and Ethics

Lisa Raphals

in Ethics in Early China: An Anthology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888028931
eISBN:
9789882209800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888028931.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Virtue ethics, one of the three major contemporary approaches to normative ethics, places emphasis on virtue or moral character. Within the Greek context on which it draws, it is centrally concerned ... More


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