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Knowledge and its Place in Nature

Hilary Kornblith

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246311
eISBN:
9780191597862
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246319.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues that conceptual analysis should be rejected in favour of a more naturalistic approach to epistemology. There is a robust natural phenomenon of knowledge; knowledge is a natural kind. An ... More


Can Animals Be Moral?

Mark Rowlands

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199842001
eISBN:
9780199979844
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199842001.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

The idea that animals can act morally—can act for moral reasons—has been almost universally rejected by philosophers and scientists alike. According to tradition, while animals may be objects of ... More


Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Adam Miklosi

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

The main aim of this book is to provide a basis for a complete dog behavioural biology based on concepts derived from contemporary ethology. Thus, dog behaviour is viewed from both functional ... More


Dogs in historical perspective, and conceptual issues of the study of their behaviour

Ádám Miklósi

in Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199295852
eISBN:
9780191711688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199295852.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Dogs have always been the focus of human interest about nature. In many cultures they even won the ‘prestigious’ title of being man's best friend, whilst in others dogs did not receive such sympathy ... More


Neo‐Cartesianism

Michael J. Murray

in Nature Red in Tooth and Claw: Theism and the Problem of Animal Suffering

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199237272
eISBN:
9780191717291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237272.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The argument for atheism presumes that animal suffering is both real and bad. This presumption has been challenged historically by Cartesians and others who regard animals as non-conscious automata. ... More


Parasites and their impacts on orangutan health

Ivona Foitová, Michael A. Huffman, Nurcahyo Wisnu, and Milan Olšanský

in Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199213276
eISBN:
9780191707568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213276.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Good health results from homeostasis: the balancing, through continuous interaction, of an organism’s myriad dynamic physiological processes. Parasitology allows us to gain important information not ... More


INVESTIGATING SOCIAL ATTENTION: A CASE FOR INCREASING STIMULUS COMPLEXITY IN THE LABORATORY

Elina Birmingham, Jelena Ristic, and Alan Kingstone

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Gaze following, a key component of social attention, has received substantial research interest over the past few decades. There has been an increasing trend to study gaze following using controlled ... More


Play and Behavioral Plasticity

Anthony D. Pellegrini

in The Role of Play in Human Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195367324
eISBN:
9780199894185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367324.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter addresses the role of play in the development of behavioral plasticity. It first reminds readers of the principles of ethology and its concern with ontogeny, as voiced by Tinbergen. It ... More


Towards a solution: constraints on learning

Henry Plotkin

in Necessary Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198568285
eISBN:
9780191584961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568285.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

It was ethologist Konrad Lorentz considered the conceptual consequences for understanding intelligence were it considered to be an adaptation. In order to understand how he came to this view, it is ... More


The Cultural Premises

Paola Cavalieri

in The Animal Question: Why Non-Human Animals Deserve Human Rights

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143805
eISBN:
9780199833122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143809.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Focuses on the recent cultural changes that have contributed most to the revival of the debate on the animal question. The first area I consider is the political discussion of the principle of human ... More


Knowledge as Natural Phenomenon

Hilary Kornblith

in Knowledge and its Place in Nature

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246311
eISBN:
9780191597862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246319.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Cognitive ethologists regularly attribute intentional states, such as belief, to non‐human animals. More than this, they regularly talk about such animals having knowledge. It is argued that this ... More


Behavior

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information from Bacteria to Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608485
eISBN:
9780191729539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In this chapter the first fundamental function connecting the three main subsystems of the brain (sensory–cognitive, emotional, motor–decisional) is presented: Behavior. After having studied the ... More


Consciousness in animals

Derek Denton

in The Primordial Emotions: The dawning of consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199203147
eISBN:
9780191695476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203147.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines consciousness in animals. It provides an overview of some aspects of evolution of the vertebrate brain and cognitive processes and discusses the results of previous ethology or ... More


Deleuze, Ethics, Ethology, and Art

Anthony Uhlmann

in Deleuze and Ethics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748641178
eISBN:
9780748671731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641178.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In What is Philosophy? Deleuze and Guattari muse on that time of life when a philosopher feels compelled to reflect upon the question of the nature of her or his practice. The desire for such ... More


Cognitive ethology: giving real life to attention research

Alan Kingstone, Daniel Smilek, Elina Birmingham, Dave Cameron, and Walter F. Bischof

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Studies of attention, often conducted in artificial laboratory experiments, may have limited validity when performance in the natural world is considered. For instance, for over two decades, ... More


Comparative Cognition: A Natural Science Approach to the Study of Animal Intelligence

Edward A. Wasserman and Thomas R. Zentall

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Natural science has succeeded in supplanting superstition and religion as explanations for countless worldly events—from eclipses and the tides to ... More


Postscript: An Essay on the Study of Cognition in Animals

Stewart H. Hulse

in Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195377804
eISBN:
9780199848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377804.003.0035
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This essay describes some parts of the study of animal learning that were notable for their absence well into the 1960s but had substantial impact ... More


Notes on Media and Biopolitics: ‘Notes on Gesture’

Levitt Deborah

in The Work of Giorgio Agamben: Law, Literature, Life

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748634620
eISBN:
9780748652440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748634620.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter reviews Giorgio Agamben's engagement with the cinematic dispositif, and the problem of ‘the status of the image in general within modernity’. It also proposes that Agamben's idea of ... More


Why do We Play?

Nathan H. Lents

in Not So Different: Finding Human Nature in Animals

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231178327
eISBN:
9780231541756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178327.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

Both humans and animals are driven to play in similar ways and for similar ways. The biological benefits of recreation and play are now becoming clear.


Animal Systems of Justice

Nathan H. Lents

in Not So Different: Finding Human Nature in Animals

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231178327
eISBN:
9780231541756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231178327.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

Just like humans, animals recognize inequality and won't stand for it. Animals also enforce social rules and fairness when it comes to cooperation and play.


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