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 From Siberia to North America: Regionalists, Anthropologists, and Exiled Ethnographers

Andrei A. Znamenski

in The Beauty of the Primitive: Shamanism and Western Imagination

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172317
eISBN:
9780199785759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172317.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter outlines several sources of a later rise of popular interest in shamanism. The discussion starts on Siberian regionalist writers and ethnographers, who, in their attempt to shape and ... More


Introduction: Fieldwork among the Harijans

William S. Sax

in God of Justice: Ritual Healing and Social Justice in the Central Himalayas

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195335866
eISBN:
9780199868919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335866.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of ethnography, the practice of living with a particular group of people, adopting their diet and dress, speaking their language, and participating in ... More


We Are All Cannibals: And Other Essays

Claude Lévi-Strauss

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231170680
eISBN:
9780231541268
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170680.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

On Christmas Eve 1951, Santa Claus was hanged and then publicly burned outside of the Cathedral of Dijon in France. That same decade, ethnologists began to study the indigenous cultures of central ... More


The Occultation of Regionalism in French History

JULIAN WRIGHT

in The Regionalist Movement in France 1890-1914: Jean Charles-Brun and French Political Thought

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199264889
eISBN:
9780191718380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264889.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This book provides the conceptual framework for a rediscovery of regionalism in France. The occultation of regionalism persists today despite its reappearance in some academic fields. Where ... More


Ethnology and Empire: Languages, Literature, and the Making of the North American Borderlands

Robert Gunn

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479842582
eISBN:
9781479812516
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479842582.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

Ethnology and Empire tells stories about words and ideas, and ideas about words that developed in concert with shifting conceptions about Native peoples and western spaces in the 19th-Century United ... More


Montaigne and America

Claude Lévi-Strauss

in We Are All Cannibals: And Other Essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780231170680
eISBN:
9780231541268
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170680.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Theory and Practice

Montaigne and the discovery of America


Introduction

Robert Lawrence Gunn

in Ethnology and Empire: Languages, Literature, and the Making of the North American Borderlands

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781479842582
eISBN:
9781479812516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479842582.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

The Introduction situates a diverse array of geographical locations—New York, Philadelphia, Worcester, and the ill-defined regions of the western North American borderlands—in relation to the ... More


The Haiti Exception: Anthropology and the Predicaments of Narrative

Alessandra Benedicty-Kokken, Jhon Picard Byron, Kaiama L. Glover, Mark Schuller, Mark Schuller, and Jhon Picard Byron (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781781382998
eISBN:
9781781383971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382998.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book considers the means and extent of Haiti's ‘exceptionalization’ — its perception in multiple arenas as definitively unique with respect not only to the countries of the North Atlantic, but ... More


Race Science Versus Sanskrit

Thomas R. Trautmann

in Aryans and British India

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520205468
eISBN:
9780520917927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520205468.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the language-led ethnology of the British metropole. It shows how the methods and preoccupations of British-Indian ethnologists led to the formation of anthropology, describing ... More


Place of Stone: Dighton Rock and the Erasure of America's Indigenous Past

Douglas Hunter

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469634401
eISBN:
9781469634425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469634401.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

Claimed by many to be the most frequently documented artifact in American archeology, Dighton Rock is a forty-ton boulder covered in petroglyphs in southern Massachusetts. First noted by New England ... More


Making Race, Marking Difference

Melissa N. Stein

in Measuring Manhood: Race and the Science of Masculinity, 1830-1934

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780816673025
eISBN:
9781452952437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816673025.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The introduction discusses pursuits of scientists from past to present to discover physical, biological differences between genders and races, and the effect that this has had on American society and ... More


“Races of Men”: Ethnology in Antebellum America

Melissa N. Stein

in Measuring Manhood: Race and the Science of Masculinity, 1830-1934

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780816673025
eISBN:
9781452952437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816673025.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter one traces the rise of scientific racism through the two debates--racial origins and slavery--that drove ethnology’s development and argues the nascent field was entirely male-dominated. It ... More


Superseding Christian Truth: The Quiet Revolution of Nineteenth-Century American Science of Race

Terence Keel

in Divine Variations: How Christian Thought Became Racial Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780804795401
eISBN:
9781503604377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795401.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter 2 analyzes scientific criticism leveled against the theory of common human descent beginning in the 1830s. It focuses on the thought of Josiah C. Nott, a southern physician, early ... More


The Great Paleolithic War, 1890–1897

David J. Meltzer

in The Great Paleolithic War: How Science Forged an Understanding of America's Ice Age Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293226
eISBN:
9780226293363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293363.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the fall of 1889, William H. Holmes of the Bureau of Ethnology (BAE) began excavations at the Piney Branch quartzite quarry in Washington, DC. This site of recent age was littered with ... More


Mother Right On the Continent

Eller Cynthia

in Gentlemen and Amazons: The Myth of Matriarchal Prehistory, 1861-1900

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520248595
eISBN:
9780520948556
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248595.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter looks at the spread of the matriarchal myth in Europe, examining how the myth gained popularity in Europe, specifically in Germany, and explains the contributions of German ethnology to ... More


Race, Mythmaking, and the Crisis in Ethnology

Ter Ellingson

in The Myth of the Noble Savage

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222687
eISBN:
9780520925922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222687.003.0014
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

The Noble Savage disappears after Lescarbot and Dryden, and does not reemerge in Rousseau. This chapter suggests that there were no accusations of Rousseau's promotion of a belief in the Noble ... More


Crawfurd, Darwin, and the “Missing Link”

Ter Ellingson

in The Myth of the Noble Savage

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222687
eISBN:
9780520925922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222687.003.0020
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

In arguing his program of racial superiority and dominance, Crawfurd mounted a critical attack on virtually every anthropological theory that might be imagined to support ideas of human unity or ... More


After the Move

Nicholas S. Hopkins and Sohair R. Mehanna

in Nubian Encounters: The Story of the Nubian Ethnological Survey 19611964

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789774164019
eISBN:
9781617970382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774164019.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

As the Nubian Ethnological Survey (NES) came to an end, other processes continued: research follow-up with the now-resettled Nubians by team members and by others, the publication of results from the ... More


Introduction

Thomas R. Trautmann

in Aryans and British India

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520205468
eISBN:
9780520917927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520205468.003.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This introductory chapter explains the theme of this book, which is about the Indo-European or Aryan concept. This concept has certain formal properties of its own that have been more or less stable ... More


Philology and Ethnology

Thomas R. Trautmann

in Aryans and British India

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520205468
eISBN:
9780520917927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520205468.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter highlights the role of India, particularly the European discovery of Sanskrit, in the development of comparative philology and ethnology in Britain in the early nineteenth century. The ... More


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