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Transcending Racial Barriers: Toward a Mutual Obligations Approach

Michael O. Emerson and George Yancey

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199742684
eISBN:
9780199943388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742684.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Despite recent progress against racial inequalities, American society continues to produce attitudes and outcomes that reinforce the racial divide. This book offers a fresh perspective on how to ... More


Multicultural Questions

Christian Joppke and Steven Lukes (eds)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296102
eISBN:
9780191599583
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829610X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The acceptance and accommodation of multiculturalism is now widely practised in liberal democratic states. That a legitimate liberal state must now adopt policies intended to integrate and respect ... More


International Relations: Post‐Positivist and Feminist Perspectives

J. Ann Tickner

in A New Handbook of Political Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294719
eISBN:
9780191599361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294719.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

Questions the optimism for international relations cited in the 1975 Handbook of Political Science. Unprecedented global change has divided international relations, and optimism for consensus has ... More


Is Universalism Ethnocentric?

Martin Hollis

in Multicultural Questions

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296102
eISBN:
9780191599583
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829610X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Martin Hollis (in one of his last writings before his untimely death) opens up the first section, Is Universalism Ethnocentric?, with a fiery defence of Enlightenment universalism and an attack on ... More


Female Agency and the Critique of Republican Paternalism

Cécile Laborde

in Critical Republicanism: The Hijab Controversy and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199550210
eISBN:
9780191720857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550210.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Theory

Chapter 6 presents a range of radical feminist objections to the hijab ban. It first interprets the paternalistic ban on hijab as a form of state oppression, which claims to coerce individuals into ... More


Social Exclusion and the Critique of Republican Nationalism

Cécile Laborde

in Critical Republicanism: The Hijab Controversy and Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199550210
eISBN:
9780191720857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550210.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Theory

Chapter 9 challenges the official republican account of civic solidarity. It first suggests that the demands of cultural integration are too burdensome on immigrants who already suffer from ... More


Addressing Group Interest

Michael O. Emerson and George Yancey

in Transcending Racial Barriers: Toward a Mutual Obligations Approach

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199742684
eISBN:
9780199943388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742684.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

Marriage counselors attempt to help couples overcome their problems by getting each spouse to see the other's perspective—putting themselves in the other's shoes, listen to their spouse, and take ... More


Europe Othered, Europe Enlisted, Europe Possessed: Greek Public Intellectuals and the European Union

Xenophon A. Yataganas and George Pagoulatos

in European Stories: Intellectual Debates on Europe in National Contexts

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594627
eISBN:
9780191595738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594627.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Theory

George Pagoulatos and Xenophon Yataganas argue that the prevalent European story among Greek public intellectuals has equated Europe with progress, identifying the country's modernization challenge ... More


Tradition, Translation and Colonization: The Graeco‐Arabic Translation Movement and Deconstructing the Classics

Azzedine Haddour

in Translation and the Classic: Identity as Change in the History of Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199288076
eISBN:
9780191713439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288076.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

In the Western tradition, there is a sort of ‘intellectual fundamentalism’ that refuses to acknowledge the contribution of Islamic culture to the fields of sciences and to the Humanities. The same ... More


The Politics of Intergroup Attitudes

Brian Nosek, Mahzarin R. Banaji, and John T. Jost

in Social and Psychological Bases of Ideology and System Justification

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195320916
eISBN:
9780199869541
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320916.003.020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Ideologies that underlie concepts of ethnocentrism, authoritarianism, system justification, social dominance, and morality shape minds in sufficiently deep ways to bring about (a) congruence between ... More


Critiques of Marriage: An Essentially Unjust Institution?

Elizabeth Brake

in Minimizing Marriage: Marriage, Morality, and the Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199774142
eISBN:
9780199933228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199774142.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Theorists of oppression note that marriage law has historically oppressed women and people of color and argue that it continues to perpetuate oppression of women, gays and lesbians, and minority ... More


Cultural Complexity, Moral Interdependence, and the Global Dialogical Community

Seyla Benhabib

in Women, Culture, and Development: A Study of Human Capabilities

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198289647
eISBN:
9780191596698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198289642.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Benhabib reconsiders aspects of the cultural relativism–universalism debate via sociological hypotheses regarding the reproduction and interdependence of cultures. After taking issue with relativist ... More


Explanation and Practical Reason

Charles Taylor

in The Quality of Life

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287971
eISBN:
9780191596704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287976.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Taylor examines the forms of reasoning that people use when they argue that one way of life is better for human beings than another. Although such arguments always take place in a particular ... More


Identities in Conflict

Erica Benner

in Really Existing Nationalisms: A Post-Communist View from Marx and Engels

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198279594
eISBN:
9780191598791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279590.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

It is often assumed that Marx and Engels’ ‘materialist’ theory of history cannot explain why national ideologies and identities have had exceptional mobilizing power. In fact, the theory left plenty ... More


Evolutionary perspectives on intergroup prejudice: implications for promoting tolerance

Justin H Park

in Applied Evolutionary Psychology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586073
eISBN:
9780191731358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586073.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Prejudice has been a topic of perennial interest in social psychology. Recent inquiries informed by evolutionary perspectives have advanced understanding of intergroup prejudice in important ways. As ... More


From Fu Manchu to Kung Fu Panda: Images of China in American Film

Naomi Greene

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824838355
eISBN:
9780824869755
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824838355.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Throughout the twentieth century, American filmmakers have embraced cinematic representations of China. Beginning with D.W. Griffith’s silent classic Broken Blossoms (1919) and ending with the ... More


Introduction: Sumner's Conjecture

in Us Against Them: Ethnocentric Foundations of American Opinion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226435701
eISBN:
9780226435725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226435725.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this book, which is about the role of ethnocentrism in contemporary American public opinion, and explains that although ethnocentrism is an ancient ... More


Why Compare Criminal Justice?

David Nelken

in What is Criminology?

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199571826
eISBN:
9780191728839
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571826.003.0027
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Philosophy of Law

Comparative studies of criminal justice seek to describe, explain, interpret, and evaluate differences in the way offensive conduct is defined and sanctioned. We may, for example, be interested in ... More


Introduction

William S. Belko

in America's Hundred Years' War: U.S. Expansion to the Gulf Coast and the Fate of the Seminole, 17631858

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813035253
eISBN:
9780813039121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813035253.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter provides historical development of U.S. relations with the Seminole and the role of the Seminole leader Coacoochee. U.S. relations with the Seminole have too long been viewed through the ... More


Debates on Civilization in the Muslim World: Critical Perspectives on Islam and Modernity

Lutfi Sunar (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199466887
eISBN:
9780199087556
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199466887.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History, History of Religion

Since its birth as a concept, civilization has been defined by an encounter with the ‘other’. Barbarism, the ever-ready counter concept, has provided civilization with its raison d'être—that of ... More


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