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A Virtue Epistemology: Apt Belief and Reflective Knowledge, Volume I

Ernest Sosa

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297023
eISBN:
9780191711411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297023.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book presents the six Locke Lectures given in Oxford in May and June of 2005. They appear now very nearly as delivered; they argue for two levels of knowledge — the animal and the reflective — ... More


The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar, and Adrian Haddock

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The three parts of the book comprise three distinct investigations under a common theme: enquiry into inter-relationships between issues about the nature of knowledge and issues about the value of ... More


The Trivial Argument for Epistemic Value Pluralism, or, How I Learned to Stop Caring about Truth

Berit Brogaard

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Relativism offers a nifty way of accommodating most of our intuitions about epistemic modals, predicates of personal taste, colour expressions, future contingents, and conditionals. But in spite of ... More


 The Value Ladenness of Scientific Knowledge

Gerald Doppelt

in Value-Free Science?: Ideals and Illusions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195308969
eISBN:
9780199867608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308969.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines post-Kuhnian insights and debates concerning the relativity of scientific knowledge and their impact on rationality, objectivity, and realism. The focus on scientific knowledge ... More


Pathologies of Testimony

C. A. J. Coady

in The Epistemology of Testimony

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199276011
eISBN:
9780191706110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276011.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Given that testimony is a fundamental and fundamentally reliable source of information, having a status akin to perception and memory in our fabric of understanding, then questions arise about how to ... More


The Epistemic Value of Photographs

Catharine Abell

in Philosophical Perspectives on Depiction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199585960
eISBN:
9780191723490
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585960.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Mind

There is a variety of epistemic roles to which photographs are better suited than non‐photographic pictures. Photographs provide more compelling evidence of the existence of the scenes they depict ... More


Epistemic Value

Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar, and Duncan Pritchard (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book contains a collection of chapters on value in epistemology. Two themes loom large. One is about the value of knowledge. There are problems deriving from Plato's Meno concerning whether ... More


The Value Problem for Knowledge

Duncan Pritchard

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter introduces the value problem for knowledge and distinguishes various forms of this problem. It shows that one such form of the problem — the swamping problem — poses a difficulty for a ... More


Knowledge and Final Value

Duncan Pritchard

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter describes two forms of virtue epistemology: modest and robust. The latter is uniquely able to make a plausible case for the thesis that knowledge is a cognitive form of achievement. ... More


Anti‐Luck Virtue Epistemology

Duncan Pritchard

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter canvasses two master intuitions about knowledge: the ability intuition and the anti-luck intuition. It argues that a robust anti-luck epistemology, which takes the anti-luck intuition as ... More


Understanding

Duncan Pritchard

in The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199586264
eISBN:
9780191723360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586264.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

This chapter offers a new account of the nature of achievements, which can avoid the problems facing the old account put forward by robust virtue epistemology. It argues that achievements, so ... More


Epistemic Normativity

Stephen R. Grimm

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Among contemporary epistemologists, the most prominent way to make sense of epistemic evaluations is in teleological terms. On this way of looking at things, a belief earns positive marks just to the ... More


Is There a Value Problem?

Jason Baehr

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

According to the ‘value problem’ in epistemology, any plausible analysis of knowledge must imply that knowledge is always more valuable than mere true belief. In this chapter it is argued that the ... More


Practical Reasoning and the Concept of Knowledge

Matthew Weiner

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Hawthorne has argued for subject-sensitive invariantism, on which whether a speaker knows that p depends on whether her practical environment makes it appropriate for her to use p in practical ... More


Pragmatic Encroachment and Epistemic Value

Pascal Engel

in Epistemic Value

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199231188
eISBN:
9780191710827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231188.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Some philosophers, who defend ‘pragmatic encroachment’ and ‘subject-sensitive invariantism’, argue that changes in the importance of being right and significant increases of the costs of error in ... More


Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Michael DePaul and Linda Zagzebski (eds)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Virtues have always been vital to the work of ethicists, but only recently have been analyzed and employed by epistemologists. By shifting the loci of analyses from properties of beliefs to ... More


The Ethics of Belief

Richard Feldman

in Evidentialism: Essays in Epistemology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199253722
eISBN:
9780191601361
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253722.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Discusses the merits of versions of doxastic voluntarism, the thesis that we form beliefs voluntarily. It criticizes some forms of doxastic voluntarism, but concedes that we do have a kind of ... More


The Place of Truth in Epistemology

Ernest Sosa

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Suppose we think that knowledge is belief that is both true and derives from intellectual virtue. And if we also assume that knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief, then where does the ... More


Understanding ‘Virtue’ and the Virtue of Understanding

Wayne D. Riggs

in Intellectual Virtue: Perspectives from Ethics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199252732
eISBN:
9780191719288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252732.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers an alternative to the standard success-oriented epistemological theories by arguing that the highest epistemic good is a state which includes much more than the achievement of ... More


Knowing People

Vrinda Dalmiya

in Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Makes a case for redirecting epistemology by basing it on a virtue approach and the method of care. According to virtue epistemology, what confers epistemic value are properties of the epistemic ... More


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