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Plague and Fire: Battling Black Death and the 1900 Burning of Honolulu's Chinatown

James C. Mohr

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195162318
eISBN:
9780199788910
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162318.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The bubonic plague reached Hawaii for the first time in 1899, just as the archipelago was being annexed by the US. To deal with the epidemic, governmental authorities granted absolute emergency ... More


Conclusion: Obesity and its prevention in the 21st century

David Crawford, Kylie Ball, Robert W. Jeffery, and Johannes Brug

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The case for a preventative approach to the obesity epidemic is compelling. Obesity poses what is arguably one of the most significant threats to population health that is currently faced. The data ... More


Summary of the International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights (1996)

Rebecca J. Cook, Bernard M. Dickens, and Mahmoud F. Fathalla

in Reproductive Health and Human Rights: Integrating Medicine, Ethics, and Law

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241323
eISBN:
9780191696909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241323.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

HIV/AIDS continues to spread throughout the world at an alarming rate. The widespread abuse of human rights and fundamental freedoms associated with HIV/AIDS has emerged in all parts of the world in ... More


The Mathematics of Various Entertaining Subjects: Research in Recreational Math

Jennifer Beineke and Jason Rosenhouse (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164038
eISBN:
9781400881338
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164038.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The history of mathematics is filled with major breakthroughs resulting from solutions to recreational problems. Problems of interest to gamblers led to the modern theory of probability, for example, ... More


Religion and AIDS in Africa

Jenny Trinitapoli and Alexander Weinreb

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195335941
eISBN:
9780199979080
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335941.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This book provides an empirical account of how religion affects the interpretation, prevention, and mitigation of AIDS in the world's most religious continent. Drawing upon their extensive fieldwork ... More


The Fire Wanes and Is Rekindled: The Burning Bush Movement, 1913–1931

William Kostlevy

in Holy Jumpers: Evangelicals and Radicals in Progressive Era America

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195377842
eISBN:
9780199777204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377842.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In 1912, the MCA decided to stop production of the popular Gospel Art Calendar and establish a second community at Bullard, Texas. Never a financial success, the Bullard community would collapse in ... More


Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

A. C. Davison, Yadolah Dodge, and N. Wermuth (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

Sir David Cox is among the most important statisticians of the past half-century, making pioneering and highly influential contributions to a wide range of topics in statistics and applied ... More


SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Angela McLean, Robert May, John Pattison, and Robin Weiss (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The sudden appearance and rapid spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in 2003 alerted the world to the fact that emerging infections are a global problem. Living in affluent societies ... More


 The Evolution of HIV Prevention in San Francisco: A Multidisciplinary Model

Margaret A. Chesney and Thomas J. Coates

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses an interdisciplinary research program: The Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS) in San Francisco. CAPS was founded in 1986 with a principal emphasis on primary prevention. ... More


A Return to the Magic Bullet?: Malaria and Global Health in the Twenty-First Century

Marcos Cueto

in When People Come First: Critical Studies in Global Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157382
eISBN:
9781400846801
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157382.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines the recent cycle of malaria elimination and control efforts and to raise some questions about the future of global health. It discusses policy changes that occurred against the ... More


Creative Destruction, Economic Insecurity, Stress, and Epidemic Obesity

Kevin W. Capehart and Jon D. Wisman

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The past three decades have witnessed a substantial increase in insecurity and stress as capitalism's creative destruction has become ever-more pervasive. A link between insecurity, stress and ... More


WARRING AGAINST HUMANS AND OTHER ANIMALS: Smallpox, Monkeypox, and Others

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses viral infections existing efforts to eradicate viruses. Topics covered include smallpox, Murray Valley encephalitis virus, rabbit poxvirus, and monkeypox.


Stochastic models for epidemics

Valerie Isham

in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566540
eISBN:
9780191718038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter provides an overview of stochastic models for epidemics, focusing on topics that have preoccupied researchers for the last 15 years, and identifying continuing challenges. After some ... More


Landscape Architect

Nicholas P. Money

in Triumph of the Fungi: A Rotten History

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195189711
eISBN:
9780199790265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189711.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter describes the story of the chestnut blight epidemic in the eastern United States, a fungal disease that reshaped the entire landscape. The chestnut was a dominant tree in American ... More


AS NATURAL AS BREATHING: The Flu Virus

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the flu virus. The virus that causes the annual epidemics of influenza travels through the air. Although flu is widely viewed as a human disease, its agent is by nature a virus ... More


Ecosystems and parasitism: the spatial dimension

Robert Holt and Thierry Boulinier

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Spatial patterns of parasitism are thought to be strongly associated with local adaptation, relative rates of migration by hosts and parasites, and local levels of resource availability. This chapter ... More


Parasitism in man-made ecosystems

François Renaud, Thierry De Meeüs, and Andrew F. Read

in Parasitism and Ecosystems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529873
eISBN:
9780191712777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529873.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Like free organisms, parasites and pathogens have the ability to colonize and evolve in new environments. Technical and surgical developments (e.g., air conditioning, catheters, fibroscopy, etc.) and ... More


Dynamics of modern epidemics

Dirk Brockmann, Lars Hufnagel, and Theo Geisel

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The rapid global spread of SARS demonstrated the threat that an infectious disease poses in a closely interconnected and interdependent world. This chapter introduces a novel, probabilistic model to ... More


Migrants: Disease in the Body Politic

Gary Alan Fine and Bill Ellis

in The Global Grapevine: Why Rumors of Terrorism, Immigration, and Trade Matter

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199736317
eISBN:
9780199866458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736317.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Contemporary immigrants who enter the United States to work or settle are assumed to bring with them habits of crime, laziness, and lack of hygiene. This chapter puts these modern rumor cycles into ... More


The Cristo Comes to Life: Lived Religion in Colonial Mexico City

Jennifer Scheper Hughes

in Biography of a Mexican Crucifix: Lived Religion and Local Faith from the Conquest to the Present

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195367065
eISBN:
9780199867370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367065.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In 1583 the Augustinian order moved the Cristo Aparecido to Mexico City where the image quickly became part of the religious life of urban, baroque Mexico. The belief among the friars and indigenous ... More


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