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Environmental Protection

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

An examination is made of the emergence and institutionalization of a new policy domain for the European Community (EC): environmental protection – a domain that did not exist before the signing of ... More


 Market‐Based Environmental Policies: What Can We Learn from U.S. Experience (and Related Research)?

Robert Stavins

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay traces the history of market mechanisms and describes their theoretical advantages over prescriptive regulation. It gives an overview of the lessons learned about market instruments thus ... More


Introduction

Tim Hayward

in Constitutional Environmental Rights

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199278688
eISBN:
9780191602757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278687.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Sets out the general background and rationale for the central claim of this book, namely, that a right of every individual to an environment adequate for their health and well-being should receive ... More


Protecting the Environment

Olof Johansson

in The Scope of Government

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294740
eISBN:
9780191598838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294743.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Public concern over environmental protection, and the opinion regarding the proper scope of governmental control in support of it are bedevilled by variations is public understanding of highly ... More


Environmental Protection: Positive Constitutional Rights in the Late Twentieth Century

Emily Zackin

in Looking for Rights in All the Wrong Places: Why State Constitutions Contain America's Positive Rights

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155777
eISBN:
9781400846276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155777.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines the campaigns for constitutional rights to environmental protection. In the 1960s and 1970s, when Congress was passing landmark environmental regulations and an entire executive ... More


Is a Constitutional Environmental Right Necessary? A European Perspective

Tim Hayward

in Constitutional Environmental Rights

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199278688
eISBN:
9780191602757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278687.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Addresses the doubt about whether, even if legitimately enforceable, a constitutional right to an adequate environment is necessary. The European Union (EU) is taken as a context in which that doubt ... More


The Judicial Construction of Europe

Alec Stone Sweet

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The law and politics of European integration have been inseparable since the 1960s, when the European Court of Justice rendered a set of foundational decisions that gradually served to ... More


Introduction: The Quest for Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science, Public Awareness, and Policy

Lee M. Talbot

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the human role in changing the Earth's environment. It then reviews awareness and responses to environmental change from the 1700s to the ... More


Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Edward A. Parson

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Offers the first comprehensive history of international efforts to protect the ozone layer by abandoning the use of chlorofluorohydrocarbons (CFCs), and underlines that this is the greatest success ... More


Communicative Practices and Communicative Demands in the Environmental Justice Movement

David Schlosberg

in Environmental Justice and the New Pluralism: The Challenge of Difference for Environmentalism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256419
eISBN:
9780191600203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256411.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

An exploration is made of how the environmental justice movement in the United States has taken on some of the communicative and participatory demands and practices of critical pluralism. The ... More


Sustainable Development as a Contested Concept

Michael Jacobs

in Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294894
eISBN:
9780191599064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294891.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Here Michael Jacobs notes that sustainable development has come to mean all things to all people but argues this does not mean it has no theoretical or policy relevance. It is a ‘contested’ rather ... More


Domestic Politics and Society-Related Variables

Albert Weale, Geoffrey Pridham, Michelle Cini, Dimitrios Konstadakopulos, Martin Porter, and Brendan Flynn

in Environmental Governance in Europe: An Ever Closer Ecological Union?

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199257478
eISBN:
9780191698460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257478.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Environmental Politics

This chapter looks into society-related variables, or, in the case of political parties, a variable that mediates between state and society. Conceivably, it is in the domestic political environments ... More


People and the contemporary environment

Sally Eden

in A Century of British Geography

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262863
eISBN:
9780191734076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262863.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Geographical approaches to human-environment relations have been diverse and dynamic over the last century. They have also been heavily influenced not only by academic disciplines outside geography ... More


Negotiations and Strategy, 1980–1987

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Domestic and international policy‐making on protection of the ozone layer are examined from 1980 to 1987. Tracks the 1982 resumption of international negotiations to protect the ozone layer after two ... More


Plural Values and Environmental Valuation

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses critically the main criticisms of the use of cost‐benefit analysis in environmental policy, such as the incommensurability of environmental values with the values born by ... More


Trade and the Environment: Fundamental Issues in International Law, WTO Law, and Legal Theory

Erich Vranes

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562787
eISBN:
9780191705366
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562787.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, EU Law

This book deals with a central topic in general international law, WTO law, and international environmental law, namely the relevance of the WTO legal system for environmental protection. The ... More


The Single Market and the Environment: From Issue Linkage to Political Choice

Albert Weale, Geoffrey Pridham, Michelle Cini, Dimitrios Konstadakopulos, Martin Porter, and Brendan Flynn

in Environmental Governance in Europe: An Ever Closer Ecological Union?

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199257478
eISBN:
9780191698460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199257478.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Environmental Politics

Many of the arguments about the processes of European integration that were reviewed previously turn on the issue of spillover. In this chapter, the origins of the EU environmental policy in terms of ... More


Introduction: Ethics and Economics in Environmental Policy

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

During the last two or three decades, various developments in the environmental sphere have led to increasing concern with our obligations to posterity and to the non‐human part of the natural world. ... More


Using International Finance to Further Conservation: The First 15 Years of Debt-for-Nature Swaps

William K. Reilly

in Sovereign Debt at the Crossroads: Challenges and Proposals for Resolving the Third World Debt Crisis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195168006
eISBN:
9780199783458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168003.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines debt-for-nature swaps and their potential for offsetting sovereign debt. Debt-for-nature swaps originated in the 1980s as a way of preserving natural areas in the developing ... More


Which Donors Are the Greenest? Trends in Bilateral Aid and Key Donor Profiles

Robert L. Hicks, Bradley C. Parks, J. Timmons Roberts, and Michael J. Tierney

in Greening Aid?: Understanding the Environmental Impact of Development Assistance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213948
eISBN:
9780191707476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213948.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter documents the broad trends in bilateral aid for environmental protection. Utilizing the PLAID dataset, it reports which donors are greenest and where they target their assistance ... More


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