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 Plasticity and Health: Social Influences on Gene Expression and Neural Development

Michael J. Meaney

in Interdisciplinary Research: Case Studies from Health and Social Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195324273
eISBN:
9780199893966
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324273.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents an interdisciplinary study on the effect of parental care on the psychology and biology of offspring. The research program, conducted with rodents, provides a detailed model of ... More


The Neuromolecular Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter examines the neuromolecular and plastic brain. Ideas about plasticity and the openness of brains to environment influences, from initial evidence about nerve development, through the ... More


Case-control and cohort studies in the age of genome-wide associations

Teri Manolio

in Human Genome Epidemiology, 2nd Edition: Building the evidence for using genetic information to improve health and prevent disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195398441
eISBN:
9780199776023
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398441.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Environmental modifiers of the effects of genetic variants, or gene-environment interactions, have received increased attention in recent years due to the recognition that genetic variants alone are ... More


Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Daniel Romer and Elaine F. Walker (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Recent advances in our understanding of the human brain suggest that adolescence is a unique period of development during which both environmental and genetic influences can leave a lasting ... More


Explaining Individual Differences in Personality: Why We Need a Modular Theory

Judith Rich Harris

in The Evolution of Personality and Individual Differences

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195372090
eISBN:
9780199893485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372090.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

People vary in personality and social behavior. It is generally accepted that some of this variation is due to differences in genes and some to “environment”—that is, to differences in people's ... More


Lessons and Challenges in the Study and Prevention of Violence

Todd I. Herrenkohl, Eugene Aisenberg, James Herbert Williams, and Jeffrey M. Jenson

in Violence in Context: Current Evidence on Risk, Protection, and Prevention

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195369595
eISBN:
9780199865215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369595.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This concluding chapter highlights several key findings from the preceding chapters and discuss a few particularly important topics for the next generation of research studies on violence and ... More


Sociocultural Perspectives on Adolescent Autonomy

Kathleen Boykin McElhaney and Joseph P. Allen

in Adolescence and Beyond: Family Processes and Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199736546
eISBN:
9780199932443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736546.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

This chapter explores how cultural and economic circumstances shape the nature, meaning, and consequences of strivings for autonomy in adolescence. It highlights research that demonstrates that the ... More


An Environment for Entrepreneurs

Edward B. Roberts

in Entrepreneurs in High Technology: Lessons from MIT and Beyond

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195067040
eISBN:
9780199854837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195067040.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

To determine what encourages young local scientists and engineers to follow entrepreneurial paths in the Greater Boston area, this chapter provides a broad discussion of the influences of the Greater ... More


The Heart Has Its Reasons: Social Rationality in Mate Choice

Alison P. Lenton, Lars Penke, Peter M. Todd, and Barbara Fasolo

in Simple Heuristics in a Social World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195388435
eISBN:
9780199950089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388435.003.0016
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The specific circumstances in which an individual encounters their mate options may influence how she chooses and, ultimately, whom she chooses. In particular, the choice environment may affect the ... More


Musical Excellence: Strategies and Techniques to Enhance Performance

Aaron Williamon (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525356
eISBN:
9780191689345
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525356.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This book offers new perspectives and practical guidance for enhancing performance and managing the stress that typically accompanies performance situations. Specific recommendations are provided ... More


Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Emily K. Farran and Annette Karmiloff-Smith (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Nowadays, it is widely accepted that there is no single influence (be it nature or nurture) on cognitive development. Cognitive abilities emerge as a result of interactions between gene expression, ... More


Analyzing musical prodigiousness using Gagné’s Integrative Model of Talent Development

Françoys Gagné and Gary E. McPherson

in Musical Prodigies: Interpretations from Psychology, Education, Musicology, and Ethnomusicology

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199685851
eISBN:
9780191806049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685851.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Developmental Psychology

We survey three interlocking talent development models: the Differentiating Model of Giftedness and Talent (DMGT), the Developmental Model for Natural Abilities (DMNA), and their merging into a ... More


Social-Environmental Approaches

Helen E. Longino

in Studying Human Behavior: How Scientists Investigate Aggression and Sexuality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226492872
eISBN:
9780226921822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921822.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses social-environmental approaches to studying human behavior, covering methods, scope, and assumptions. Social-environmental approaches seek to understand the environmental ... More


Statistical Approaches to Gene X Environment Interactions for Complex Phenotypes

Michael Windle (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034685
eISBN:
9780262335522
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034685.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

Findings from the Human Genome Project and from Genome-Wide Association (GWA) studies indicate that many diseases and traits manifest a more complex genomic pattern than previously assumed. These ... More


Behaving: Its Nature and Nurture (Part 1)

Kenneth F. Schaffner

in Behaving: What's Genetic, What's Not, and Why Should We Care?

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780195171402
eISBN:
9780190464103
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171402.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Moral Philosophy

Chapters 1 (and 2) provide a common basis and a vocabulary for appreciating the contours of behavioral and psychiatric genetics. There are three dialogues between a behavioral geneticist and an ... More


Conclusions

Elizabeth Weiss

in Reading the Bones: Activity, Biology, and Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813054988
eISBN:
9780813053707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054988.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Methodology and Techniques

This chapter concludes with the major theme that ran through the previous chapters; how much of each of these skeletal activity reconstruction features are a result of environmental influences (i.e., ... More


A Chronic, Relapsing Disorder

Markus Heilig

in The Thirteenth Step: Addiction in the Age of Brain Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172363
eISBN:
9780231539029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172363.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter argues that addiction is inherently a chronic, relapsing disease, not much different from diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, or asthma. Similar to those diseases, the risk for ... More


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