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Emerging Standards on Corporate Accountability in IEL

Elisa Morgera

in Corporate Accountability in International Environmental Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199558018
eISBN:
9780191705311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558018.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter further investigates the convergence among the international environmental standards for corporate accountability identified or proposed by the international organizations previously ... More


Reinventing the Well: Approaches to Minimizing the Environmental and Social Impact of Oil Development in the Tropics

Amy B. Rosenfeld, Debra Gordon, and Marianne Guerin‐McManus

in Footprints in the Jungle: Natural Resource Industries, Infrastructure, and Biodiversity Conservation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125788
eISBN:
9780199832927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125789.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter provides an overview of trends in oil development in the tropics, followed by a summary of the potential environmental and social impacts of these activities and a discussion of a range ... More


Environmental and Social Considerations in the Development of the Greater Mekong Subregion's Road Network

Robert J. Dobias and Kirk Talbott

in Footprints in the Jungle: Natural Resource Industries, Infrastructure, and Biodiversity Conservation

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125788
eISBN:
9780199832927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125789.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the environmental and social consideration in the development of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) road network. The authors offer ideas for improving the balance between road ... More


Environmental Impact Assessment: Can Procedural Innovation Improve Environmental Outcomes?

Richard N. L. Andrews

in Conceptual Innovation in Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036580
eISBN:
9780262341585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036580.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Environmental impact assessment originated in U.S. environmental policy as an “action-forcing mechanism” to compel integration of environmental policy goals into government agencies’ missions and ... More


The environment and ecosystems

Tim Lang, David Barling, and Martin Caraher

in Food Policy: Integrating health, environment and society

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198567882
eISBN:
9780191724121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567882.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter explores the environmental impacts of food production and contemporary supply chains, and the policy responses that have emerged to address these impacts. These policy responses are ... More


Labeling Genetically Modified Food: The Philosophical and Legal Debate

Paul Weirich (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326864
eISBN:
9780199870325
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326864.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many countries, such as countries in the European Union, require that food labels announce genetically modified (GM) ingredients. The United States does not require such labeling. Which labeling ... More


Lessons from EIA

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the development of environmental impact assessment (EIA) to set the context against which lessons can be drawn. It briefly considers the rationale for EIA and indicates the ... More


HIA in Australia

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses health impact assessment (HIA) in Australia. In Australia, HIA is ‘the process of estimating the potential impact of a chemical, biological, physical, or social agent on a ... More


The World Bank and new norms of development

Susan Park

in World Bank Group Interactions with Environmentalists: Changing International Organisation Identities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719079474
eISBN:
9781781703335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079474.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter analyses the ‘World Bank’ comprised of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). It traces how transnational ... More


MIGA and green political risk?

Susan Park

in World Bank Group Interactions with Environmentalists: Changing International Organisation Identities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719079474
eISBN:
9781781703335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719079474.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter focuses on transnational environmental advocacy networks' (TEANs) criticism on the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) over its role as a political risk guarantor of private ... More


Law and Regulation Governing Electricity Networks in Mexico in the Context of Regional Integration with North and Central America

José Juan González

in Energy Networks and the Law: Innovative Solutions in Changing Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199645039
eISBN:
9780191738647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199645039.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter discusses the legal and regulatory regime that governs the ownership, building, and operation of public and private energy networks in Mexico. It explains how Mexico's economic ... More


African Americans, LULUs, and Free Informed Consent

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

in Environmental Justice: Creating Equity, Reclaiming Democracy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195152036
eISBN:
9780199833665
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195152034.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Using case studies focusing on energy development in Louisiana, the chapter analyzes the concepts of equality and free informed consent in order to show how African‐Americans are typically victims of ... More


Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Sharon K. Collinge and Chris Ray (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

Many infectious diseases of recent concern, including malaria, cholera, plague, and Lyme disease, have emerged from complex ecological communities involving multiple hosts and their associated ... More


Environmental Damage and Environmental Impact Assessment

John Woodliffe

in Environmental Damage in International and Comparative Law: Problems of Definition and Valuation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199255733
eISBN:
9780191698262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255733.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Comparative Law

This chapter begins by describing the main purposes and procedures of environmental impact assessment (EIA). The second section plots the legal staging-posts in the extension of the EIA concept to ... More


What Do We Need from Agriculture?

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers some of the challenges that agriculture is facing now or will face in the near future, including resource-use efficiency and food security. It begins with a discussion of the ... More


Quantitative approaches to HIA

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers health impact assessment (HIA) from the perspective of disease, experts, and quantification. Impacts of disease (including accidents and mental illness) are clearer than ... More


Impact Assessment in Canada: an evolutionary process

John Kemm, Jayne Parry, and Stephen Palmer

in Health Impact Assessment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526292
eISBN:
9780191723889
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526292.003.0027
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Canada was one of the first countries in the world to develop a standardized national approach to health impact assessment (HIA). This chapter describes the HIA framework and its evolution over the ... More


Health in other impact assessments

John Kemm

in Health Impact Assessment: Past Achievement, Current Understanding, and Future Progress

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199656011
eISBN:
9780191748028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656011.003.0009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

HIA is only one of a wide range of impact assessments. In some countries health is integrated into environmental impact assessment but the adequacy of coverage of health in EIA is very variable and ... More


Procedural Obligations of States

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

A large number of the treaties and legal instruments discussed in Chapter 2 attempt to regulate and prevent the occurrence of transboundary air pollution through the imposition of procedural duties. ... More


Car Culture, Transport Policy, and Public Health

Tord Kjellstrom and Sarah Hinde

in Globalization and Health

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172997
eISBN:
9780199865659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172997.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the health impacts of car reliance. The various health impacts caused by the modern private motor-vehicle-based transport system includes car crash injuries, lung and heart ... More


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