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Environmental Protection: Positive Constitutional Rights in the Late Twentieth Century

Emily Zackin

in Looking for Rights in All the Wrong Places: Why State Constitutions Contain America's Positive Rights

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155777
eISBN:
9781400846276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155777.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines the campaigns for constitutional rights to environmental protection. In the 1960s and 1970s, when Congress was passing landmark environmental regulations and an entire executive ... More


Shadow Mobilization for Environmental Health and Justice *

Scott Frickel

in Social Movements and the Transformation of American Health Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388299
eISBN:
9780199866519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388299.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Frickel describes how professionalization in environmental health and justice (EHJ) has been occurring under the radar through “shadow mobilizations”—semi‐formal networks of health scientists and ... More


Epilogue

Barbara Goldoftas

in The Green Tiger: The Costs of Ecological Decline in the Philippines

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195135114
eISBN:
9780199868216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135114.003.0010
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This final chapter argues that the trade-offs between ecological protection and growth, which marked economic development in countries that industrialized early should not be seen as a model for the ... More


Law in Public Health Practice

Richard A. Goodman, Richard E. Hoffman, Wilfredo Lopez, Gene W. Matthews, Mark Rothstein, and Karen Foster (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195301489
eISBN:
9780199863822
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301489.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Continually changing health threats, technologies, science, and demographics require that public health professionals have an understanding of law sufficient to address complex new problems as they ... More


 Private Science, Public Injury

Kristin Shrader‐Frechette

in Taking Action, Saving Lives: Our Duties to Protect Environmental and Public Health

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195325461
eISBN:
9780199869275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325461.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begins by explaining why the complexity of health-related science often makes it susceptible to manipulation. It then shows what some special interests do when they literally “buy” ... More


Risk Management

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter outlines the principles of risk management. Topics discussed include risk evaluation, factors affecting the perception and acceptance of risk, prevention and control of exposure to ... More


Specific Measures Required to Secure the Right to Health

John Tobin

in The Right to Health in International Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199603299
eISBN:
9780191731662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603299.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The formulation of the right to health in international law lists a series of explicit measures that states must pursue in order to secure the full implementation of this right. These measures, which ... More


Regulation of Public Health

Robert I. Field

in Health Care Regulation in America: Complexity, Confrontation, and Compromise

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195159684
eISBN:
9780199864423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159684.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter considers regulatory programs that protect public health. As the earliest form of health care regulation, it has evolved in several significant regards. Nineteenth century programs based ... More


Exposure Assessment in Occupational and Environmental Epidemiology

Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198528616
eISBN:
9780191723933
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528616.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The recent and rapid expansion of occupational and environmental epidemiology and health risk assessment looks set to continue in line with growing public, government, and media concern about ... More


“Toxicology Is a Political Science”

Sara Shostak

in Exposed Science: Genes, the Environment, and the Politics of Population Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520275171
eISBN:
9780520955240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275171.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 1 provides a map of key environmental health research and regulatory institutions, including the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), the National Toxicology Program ... More


Environment

Anders Ahlbom

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses, from the teacher's perspective, some methodologic aspects that are of particular importance in the application of epidemiology to environmental health problems. Many of those ... More


Nature of Environmental Health Hazards

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the nature of environmental health hazards. Topics discussed include hazards and risk, biological hazards, chemical hazards, physical hazards, and mechanical hazards.


Introduction

Sara Shostak

in Exposed Science: Genes, the Environment, and the Politics of Population Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520275171
eISBN:
9780520955240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275171.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Defining Vulnerabilities opens with a description of the history of childhood lead poisoning in the United States, which frames the puzzle at the center of this book: why and how did environmental ... More


The public health response to the World Trade Center disaster

Timothy H. Holtz, Leighton Jessica, Sharon Balter, Don Weiss, Susan Blank, and Isaac Weisfuse

in Terrorism and Public Health: A balanced approach to strengthening systems and protecting people

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325256
eISBN:
9780199864409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325256.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the public health response to the World Trade Center disaster on 9/11. It describes the initial public health response, environmental health assessment and risk communication, ... More


Action to Protect Health and the Environment

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on ethical issues and the applications of the discussions in the preceding chapters. It also discusses the role of environmental health professionals.


Risk Assessment

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter lays out the basic approach to risk assessment. Topics discussed include epidemiological methods, hazard identification in the field, the relationship between dose and health outcome, ... More


Social Injustice and Public Health

Barry S. Levy and Victor W. Sidel (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195171853
eISBN:
9780199865352
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171853.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The aim of this book is to offer a comprehensive approach to understanding social injustice and its impact on public health. Part I explores the nature of social injustice and its adverse effects on ... More


Industrial Pollution and Chemical Safety

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on industrial pollution and chemical safety. Topics discussed include the extent of industrial pollution, public exposure from industrial sources, hazards by industry, major ... More


Human Settlement and Urbanization

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on human settlement and urbanization. Topics discussed include the nature and requirements of human settlements, housing and health, factors causing increased urbanization, rural ... More


Regulatory inaction? Regulation without enforcement

Steve Tombs

in Social Protection After the Crisis: Regulation without enforcement

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447313755
eISBN:
9781447313786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447313755.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The focus of this chapter is on the trajectories of state enforcement of regulatory law in the context of three areas of social protection, spanning national and local regulatory bodies in the UK: ... More


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