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Internal Dosimetry

John W. Poston and John R. Ford

in Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses the steps needed to perform an assessment of the internal dose resulting from exposure to radionuclides. It provides information about where to obtain guidance on radionuclides ... More


Personal exposure monitoring in environmental epidemiology

M.J. Nieuwenhuijsen

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The exposure to any pollutant is determined by the concentration of the pollutant in the environment, its specific character, and the duration and frequency of contact. Estimates of these ... More


Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

P. Elliott, J. Cuzick, D. English, and R. Stern (eds)

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book addresses both the theoretical and practical issues which arise when describing the geographical distribution of disease and investigating apparent disease clusters. Requirements in terms ... More


Estimating environmental exposure

G. A. Zapponi

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the main aspects of exposure assessment. The assessment of environmental exposure of hazardous substances includes the measurement of environmental and food concentrations of ... More


Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Paul Elliott, Jon Wakefield, Nicola Best, and David Briggs (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book explores the field of geographical variations in disease. Especially with respect to variations in environmental exposures at the small-area scale, the book gives an account of current ... More


Geostatistical methods for mapping environmental exposures

N. Cressie

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses statistical methods for mapping environmental exposures. The chapter proceeds as follows. Section 10.2 presents a study of particulate matter to motivate the need to map ... More


Environmental epidemiology: a historical perspective

B. Terracini

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0022
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the development of environmental epidemiology. The current trend is towards progressively larger hypothesis-based studies to increase statistical power and the sensitivity to ... More


Children’s Environmental Health

Philip J. Landrigan

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0033
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Children are exquisitely vulnerable to health threats in the environment. The World Health Organization estimates that 36% of all deaths in children worldwide are caused by harmful environmental ... More


Personal genomics and the environment

Joel T. Dudley and Konrad J. Karczewski

in Exploring Personal Genomics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199644483
eISBN:
9780191774577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644483.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter talks about how in the event of understanding and discussing how personal genetic traits relate to phenotypic traits, then it is necessary to also explore and understand the consequences ... More


Geographical epidemiology and ecological studies

D. English

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses geographical epidemiology and ecological studies. Geographical epidemiology is defined as the description of spatial patterns of disease incidence and mortality. Ecological ... More


The Seveso accident

P. A. Bertazzi, A. C. Pesatori, and C. Zocchetti

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0028
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes studies conducted on a population exposed to dioxin following an explosion at a chemical plant in Seveso, Italy. The available results failed to provide either fully ... More


Communicating Data in Acute Public Health Situations

David E. Nelson, Bradford W. Hesse, and Robert T. Croyle

in Making Data Talk: The Science and Practice of Translating Public Health Research and Surveillance Findings to Policy Makers, the Public, and the Press

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195381535
eISBN:
9780199864782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381535.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews data communication in acute public health situations. Such situations can occur with infectious disease outbreaks, actual or perceived environmental exposures, or when strong ... More


Congenital anomalies

H. Dolk and P. De Wals

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses small-area studies of congenital anomalies. Topics covered include case ascertainment, accuracy of information, prevalence, geographical resolution, and role of specific ... More


The epidemic of respiratory cancer associated with erionite fibres in the Cappadocian region of Turkey

Y. I. Baris, L. Simonato, R. Saracci, and R. Winkelmann

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0026
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a case study of an epidemic of malignant mesothelioma and lung cancer in a few small villages in Turkey. Detail clinical, epidemiological, and environmental studies identified a ... More


Dispersion modelling

R. Colvile and D. J. Briggs

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter is concerned with the processes and mechanisms by which human populations are exposed to environmental contaminants, focusing on the process of dispersion by turbulent diffusion. It ... More


Exposed Science: Genes, the Environment, and the Politics of Population Health

Sara Shostak

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520275171
eISBN:
9780520955240
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275171.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

At the center of Defining Vulnerabilitiesare the interlinked puzzles of why and how environmental health scientists have rallied around research on gene-environment interaction. Defining ... More


Introduction

Howard Frumkin

in Safe and Healthy School Environments

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179477
eISBN:
9780199864638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179477.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the conditions of schools in the U.S. and the importance of the school environment. It provides an overview of the subsequent chapters. It ... More


Childhood leukaemia around the Sellafield nuclear plant

M. J. Gardner

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter presents a case study of childhood leukaemia around the Sellafield nuclear installation in England. The original reports of excess mortality spurred a number of inquiries, and led to a ... More


Use of routine data in studies of point sources of environmental pollution

P. Elliott, I. Kleinschmidt, and A. J. WestJake

in Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622358
eISBN:
9780191723636
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses how the rapid initial investigation of health around sources of industrial pollution can be automated using routine data. The establishment of such as routine data system is ... More


Conclusion

Phil Brown, Rachel Morello-Frosch, and Stephen Zavestoski

in Contested Illnesses: Citizens, Science, and Health Social Movements

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520270206
eISBN:
9780520950429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520270206.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This concluding chapter discusses the implications of this book's study, highlighting the need for future research, interdisciplinary training of undergraduate and graduate students, and funding ... More


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