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Radiological Risk Assessment and Environmental Analysis

John E. Till and Helen Grogan (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195127270
eISBN:
9780199869121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127270.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This book is an update and major revision to Radiological Assessment: A Textbook on Environmental Dose Analysis published by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission in 1983. It focuses on risk to the ... More


Environment

Anders Ahlbom

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses, from the teacher's perspective, some methodologic aspects that are of particular importance in the application of epidemiology to environmental health problems. Many of those ... More


A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195141566
eISBN:
9780199872145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Environmental chemical hazards are a highly contentious topic in modern life. Nearly every nation on earth has faced its own environmental crises, and also shares perspectives on the possibility of ... More


Epidemiologic Evaluation of Environmental Hazards

Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

in A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195141566
eISBN:
9780199872145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Epidemiology is the study of determinants of disease in populations, and environmental epidemiology generally concerns the identification of health risks from synthetic chemicals or other exposures ... More


“Opening the Black Box of the Human Body”

Sara Shostak

in Exposed Science: Genes, the Environment, and the Politics of Population Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780520275171
eISBN:
9780520955240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520275171.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 4 traces the emergence of molecular epidemiological research. It begins with a brief history of how scientists and engineers have conceptualized and measured the environment, both in the ... More


Uncertainty in Measuring Risk

Thomas J. Smith and David Kriebel

in A Biologic Approach to Environmental Assessment and Epidemiology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195141566
eISBN:
9780199872145
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141566.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews several important sources of uncertainty in epidemiologic studies and summarizes approaches to managing these uncertainties. It identifies five different sources of uncertainty ... More


Water quality and health

M. Kanarek

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the association between drinking water quality and health. It considers pollutants that have been linked to cancer mortality and incidence, including asbestos, arsenic, ... More


Climate change and human health: mapping and modelling potential impacts

A. J. McMichael, P. Martens, R. S. Kovats, and S. Lele

in Spatial Epidemiology: Methods and Applications

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198515326
eISBN:
9780191723667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515326.003.0025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the methods used to describe and forecast the health impacts of climate change. It considers the research methods applicable to assessing the potential impacts of climate ... More


Occupational epidemiology

Malcolm Harrington and Tom Sorahan

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0017
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a thorough account of how registers can be and are being used in the identification and surveillance of occupational/environmental factors in the development of disease and how ... More


Hazardous Waste

Ken Silver, Gary A. Davis, and Denny Dobbin

in Occupational and Environmental Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190662677
eISBN:
9780190662707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter defines and describes hazardous wastes and their adverse health effects. Historical evolution of the management and public understanding of waste issues is traced. Other parts of the ... More


A Statistical Framework for Mediation in Environmental Epigenetics

Duncan C. Thomas

in Statistical Approaches to Gene X Environment Interactions for Complex Phenotypes

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034685
eISBN:
9780262335522
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034685.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

The biological effects of genes depend upon how they are expressed in target tissues at various points in time, which is determined by their epigenetic state and in turn may be influenced by the ... More


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