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Ecological Degradation: A Cause for Conflict, a Concern for Survival

Koos Neefjes

in Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294894
eISBN:
9780191599064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294891.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Koos Neefjes of Oxfam takes turmoil and instability as his starting point. How will carefully crafted sustainability and justice principles fare in zones of conflict? How can measurements of ... More


Global Environmental Governance

Matthew Paterson

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The environment has emerged as a key issue in global politics since the early 1970s, and the issues that comprise the ‘environmental crisis’ are widely regarded to have had significant impacts on ... More


Introduction and Overview

Alfred Greiner and Willi Semmler

in The Global Environment, Natural Resources, and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328233
eISBN:
9780199869985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328233.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents an overview of the five chapters (Chapter 2-6) in Part I of the book. It discusses the economic models that study the link between economic growth and the environment. It ... More


Environment and Natural Resources

Ian Coxhead and Sisira Jayasuriya

in The Philippine Economy: Development, Policies, and Challenges

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195158984
eISBN:
9780199869107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195158989.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Discusses the state of the Philippine environment by studying the trends of available data on environmental quality and natural resource degradation, and comparing them with those of other Asian ... More


The Conflict over Natural and Environmental Resources

JAMES FAIRHEAD

in War, Hunger, and Displacement: VOLUME 1

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297390
eISBN:
9780191685323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297390.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter offers a critique of the way that environmental degradation has become incorporated into the international discourse on conflict. It discusses the many political and economic causes of ... More


Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Most of their history human beings have lived in comparatively small and close‐knit societies, with a primitive technology that allowed them to affect only their most immediate environment. Their ... More


The Global Challenge of Sustainable Development

Mohamed T. El-Ashry

in Foundations of Environmental Sustainability: The Coevolution of Science and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195309454
eISBN:
9780199871261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309454.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter argues that the world's poor are the ones harmed the most by environmental degradation. This holds true because the poor are more directly dependent on local natural resources and are ... More


The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 1

Partha Dasgupta and Karl-Göran Mäler (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240692
eISBN:
9780191714269
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240692.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This text is the first of two volumes. Two and a half billion people are affected directly on a day-to-day basis by the allocation and use of local resources. Yet ‘official’ development economics has ... More


Income Distribution, Poverty, and Environmental Problems

Yujiro Hayami and Yoshihisa Godo

in Development Economics: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199272709
eISBN:
9780191602870
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272700.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Growing inequality and environmental degradation are two serious problems that developing economies will have to face in their economic growth processes geared for reducing absolute poverty. These ... More


The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 2

Partha Dasgupta and Karl-Göran Mäler (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240708
eISBN:
9780191718106
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240708.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This text is the second of two volumes. Two and a half billion people are affected directly on a day-to-day basis by the allocation and use of local resources. Yet ‘official’ development economics ... More


Exploitation, Degradation, and Other Moral Concerns

Aaron James

in Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199846153
eISBN:
9780199933389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199846153.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter accounts for the significance of “external” moral issues, with special concern for labor exploitation and environmental degradation. Standard economic arguments for “sweatshops” do not ... More


Endogenous Fertility and the Environment: A Parable of Firewood

Marc Nerlove and Anke Meyer

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240708
eISBN:
9780191718106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240708.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses a model which examines interactions between population growth and the environment. In this model, various assumptions are made such as that fertility is endogenous; parents are ... More


Grappling with Growth

Lily Geismer

in Don't Blame Us: Suburban Liberals and the Transformation of the Democratic Party

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157238
eISBN:
9781400852420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157238.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter looks at how the issues of open space and environmental protection revealed the tension between the structural processes of growth that had produced Route 128 and its suburbs and the ... More


Exporting and Acclimatizing Regional Planning Models to the Tropics

Bernard Debarbieux, Gilles Rudaz, and Martin F. Price

in The Mountain: A Political History from the Enlightenment to the Present

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226031118
eISBN:
9780226031255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226031255.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

Chapter 7 focuses on the adaption of the mountain conception imported to the colonies. Indeed, the conception does not simply follow a copy paste model from the metropolises to the colonies. ... More


Futurama: Greenetic Engineering for a Greener Tomorrow

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

Designer plants for environmental sensing and remediation are currently being produced in research labs. One such plant is designed to detect and report the presence of explosives, such as TNT, which ... More


The Green Tiger: The Costs of Ecological Decline in the Philippines

Barbara Goldoftas

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195135114
eISBN:
9780199868216
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135114.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Modern History

The Philippines was once famous for its reef-ringed islands, white beaches, and lush forests. In less than a half-century, these were degraded by deforestation, over-fishing, and destructive fishing. ... More


Facts on GHG Emissions and the Change in Average Global Surface Temperature

Alfred Greiner and Willi Semmler

in The Global Environment, Natural Resources, and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328233
eISBN:
9780199869985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328233.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes scientific knowledge concerning greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the change in global average surface temperature. It considers the climate system of the Earth is in terms of ... More


Fertility and Resources: The Household as a Reproductive Unit 1

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses the household as a reproductive unit. It has nine sections: (1) income, fertility, and food – a discussion of the inverse relationship between fertility (and ... More


Whose Will? How Free?

George S Howard

in Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195189636
eISBN:
9780199868605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189636.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Science rarely allows its subject matter to show its ability to self-determine its actions. This chapter describes a method for quantifying the portion of variability in human behavior due to ... More


Shifting Paradigms in Conservation and Environmental Anthropology

Ben Campbell

in Living Between Juniper and Palm: Nature, Culture, and Power in the Himalayas

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780198078524
eISBN:
9780199082278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078524.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The chapter examines debates about the fragility of Himalayan ecology, and the theories that have been advanced to explain and remedy environmental degradation. It reviews accounts of the ... More


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