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Deafness, Numerical Cognition, and Mathematics

Rebecca Bull

in Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368673
eISBN:
9780199894161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines recent findings about the development of numerical cognition in hearing individuals to understand the observed lag in arithmetical and mathematical performance of deaf children ... More


VERTEX COVER—AN ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLE

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter illustrates many facets of fixed-parameter algorithmics using the graph problem, Vertex Cover. These include problem parameterization, aspects of special and more general problem ... More


Tight Coordination

Bernhard Wälchli

in Co-Compounds and Natural Coordination

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276219
eISBN:
9780191706042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276219.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses three dimensions of tight coordination, length of coordination, marking patterns, and semantic correlates. It is shown that coordination with different degrees of tightness has ... More


A General Theory of Clarity and Distinctness

Kurt Smith

in Matter Matters: Metaphysics and Methodology in the Early Modern Period

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583652
eISBN:
9780191723155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583652.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter a general theory of clarity and distinctness is developed, as it is found in one of the earliest of Descartes's writings, the Rules. Here, the chapter explains that the systematic ... More


The General Theory Continued

Kurt Smith

in Matter Matters: Metaphysics and Methodology in the Early Modern Period

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583652
eISBN:
9780191723155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583652.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter the general theory of clarity and distinctness is further developed. The chapter explains how Descartes's method of analysis (for establishing the schema of clear and distinct ideas) ... More


Enumeration, Quantity, and Measurement

Kurt Smith

in Matter Matters: Metaphysics and Methodology in the Early Modern Period

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583652
eISBN:
9780191723155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583652.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter shows how Descartes's concept of the enumeration underwrites the concepts of quantity and measurement in physics. Here it is shown how Descartes established what the chapter calls the ... More


The Enumeration Problem

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter articulates a problem that virtue ethicists and their critics alike have almost entirely ignored, but which if unresolved would jeopardize the very possibility of virtue ethics. This ... More


Individuating the Virtues

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter proposes resolving the enumeration problem (explained in Chapter 5) by sorting the virtues into a structure of “cardinal” and “subordinate” virtues, and it examines three main issues in ... More


Magnificence, Generosity, and Subordination

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle's introduction of “magnificence” — a virtue concerned with large-scale public spending — into his list of virtues raises a question pertinent to the enumeration problem: given the lack of ... More


How to Fill the Sample Null Space

James G. Sanderson and Stuart L. Pimm

in Patterns In Nature: The Analysis of Species Co-Occurrences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226292724
eISBN:
9780226292861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226292861.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Chapter 5 describes how sample random, or null, matrices are created so that each is representative of the actual, or observed, incidence matrix. Four different methods, or algorithms, to create each ... More


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