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Deafness, Numerical Cognition, and Mathematics

Rebecca Bull

in Deaf Cognition: Foundations and Outcomes

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195368673
eISBN:
9780199894161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368673.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines recent findings about the development of numerical cognition in hearing individuals to understand the observed lag in arithmetical and mathematical performance of deaf children ... More


VERTEX COVER—AN ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLE

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter illustrates many facets of fixed-parameter algorithmics using the graph problem, Vertex Cover. These include problem parameterization, aspects of special and more general problem ... More


Tight Coordination

Bernhard Wälchli

in Co-Compounds and Natural Coordination

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276219
eISBN:
9780191706042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276219.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses three dimensions of tight coordination, length of coordination, marking patterns, and semantic correlates. It is shown that coordination with different degrees of tightness has ... More


A General Theory of Clarity and Distinctness

Kurt Smith

in Matter Matters: Metaphysics and Methodology in the Early Modern Period

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583652
eISBN:
9780191723155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583652.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter a general theory of clarity and distinctness is developed, as it is found in one of the earliest of Descartes's writings, the Rules. Here, the chapter explains that the systematic ... More


The General Theory Continued

Kurt Smith

in Matter Matters: Metaphysics and Methodology in the Early Modern Period

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583652
eISBN:
9780191723155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583652.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter the general theory of clarity and distinctness is further developed. The chapter explains how Descartes's method of analysis (for establishing the schema of clear and distinct ideas) ... More


Enumeration, Quantity, and Measurement

Kurt Smith

in Matter Matters: Metaphysics and Methodology in the Early Modern Period

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583652
eISBN:
9780191723155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583652.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter shows how Descartes's concept of the enumeration underwrites the concepts of quantity and measurement in physics. Here it is shown how Descartes established what the chapter calls the ... More


The Enumeration Problem

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter articulates a problem that virtue ethicists and their critics alike have almost entirely ignored, but which if unresolved would jeopardize the very possibility of virtue ethics. This ... More


Individuating the Virtues

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter proposes resolving the enumeration problem (explained in Chapter 5) by sorting the virtues into a structure of “cardinal” and “subordinate” virtues, and it examines three main issues in ... More


Magnificence, Generosity, and Subordination

Daniel C. Russell

in Practical Intelligence and the Virtues

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199565795
eISBN:
9780191721311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565795.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle's introduction of “magnificence” — a virtue concerned with large-scale public spending — into his list of virtues raises a question pertinent to the enumeration problem: given the lack of ... More


How to Fill the Sample Null Space

James G. Sanderson and Stuart L. Pimm

in Patterns In Nature: The Analysis of Species Co-Occurrences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226292724
eISBN:
9780226292861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226292861.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Chapter 5 describes how sample random, or null, matrices are created so that each is representative of the actual, or observed, incidence matrix. Four different methods, or algorithms, to create each ... More


Aging and the ability to ignore irrelevant information in visual search and enumeration tasks

Elizabeth A. Maylor and Derrick G. Watson

in Measuring the Mind: Speed, control, and age

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566427
eISBN:
9780191693588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566427.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents some of recent experiments exploring age-related differences in the effects of irrelevant distractors in visual search and enumeration tasks. The first study shows that age ... More


Combinatorics: Ancient and Modern

Robin Wilson and John J. Watkins (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199656592
eISBN:
9780191748059
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656592.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The history of mathematics is a well-studied and vibrant area of research, with books and scholarly articles published on various aspects of the subject. Yet, the history of combinatorics seems to ... More


Prediction of possible structure types

Ulrich Müller

in Symmetry Relationships between Crystal Structures: Applications of Crystallographic Group Theory in Crystal Chemistry

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199669950
eISBN:
9780191775086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669950.003.0018
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

After selection of an arsitotype (e.g., a hexagonal closest packing of spheres) and a structural principle (e.g., the occupation of octahedral interstices in this packing), it is possible to derive ... More


Enumeration (18th–20th centuries)

E. KEITH LLOYD

in Combinatorics: Ancient and Modern

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199656592
eISBN:
9780191748059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656592.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics, History of Mathematics

By the end of the 18th century, what is now called ‘enumerative combinatorics’ was emerging as a distinct discipline. The connections between certain combinatorial problems and algebraical expansions ... More


Indian combinatorics

TAKANORI KUSUBA and KIM PLOFKER

in Combinatorics: Ancient and Modern

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199656592
eISBN:
9780191748059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656592.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics, History of Mathematics

From ancient times Indian scholars have shown interest in arranging things in regular order, applying ordering techniques to various types of items and concepts and theorizing about such arrangements ... More


Federalism

David Brian Robertson

in The Original Compromise: What the Constitution’s Framers Were Really Thinking

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199796298
eISBN:
9780199979707
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796298.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The delegates initially seemed to accept the wide-ranging national authority the broad nationalists sought. But as the complexity of the new governing institutions took shape, the narrow nationalists ... More


Geography in Practice

in Placing the Enlightenment: Thinking Geographically about the Age of Reason

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226904054
eISBN:
9780226904078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904078.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

Enlightenment thinkers and writers turned to geography in many ways to understand and to represent their world. This chapter examines three themes to illustrate what this means. What connects them is ... More


The classification of edge colored graphs

Razvan Gurau

in Random Tensors

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198787938
eISBN:
9780191829918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198787938.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents the classification of the edge colored graphs by the degree. It is well known that the family of combinatorial maps of fixed genus is infinite and exponentially bounded. It ... More


French in Paris (Île-de-France): A speaker from the 14th arrondissement

Anita Berit Hansen

in Varieties of Spoken French

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780199573714
eISBN:
9780191818011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573714.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

Historically, the higher circles of Paris have dictated the bon usage in French pronunciation, and have contributed to the present day Reference French; at the same time, howevr, Paris has preserved ... More


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