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INTRODUCTION

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter describes the central claims of the book. From a philosophical point of view, the book argues for an objective Bayesian interpretation of probability and an epistemic interpretation of ... More


Incommensurate Crystallography

Sander van Smaalen

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198570820
eISBN:
9780191718762
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570820.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Aperiodic crystals are crystalline materials with atomic structures that lack translational symmetry. This book gives a comprehensive account of the superspace theory for the description of the ... More


Entropy and the Time Evolution of Macroscopic Systems

Walter T. Grandy, Jr.

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199546176
eISBN:
9780191720161
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546176.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book is based on the premise that the entropy concept, a fundamental element of probability theory as logic governs all of the thermal physics, both equilibrium and nonequilibrium. The ... More


Quantum Transport in Mesoscopic Systems: Complexity and Statistical Fluctuations. A Maximum Entropy Viewpoint

Pier A. Mello and Narendra Kumar

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198525820
eISBN:
9780191712234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525820.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book presents a statistical theory of complex wave scattering and quantum transport in a class of physical systems of current interest having chaotic classical dynamics (e.g., microwave cavities ... More


OUTLOOK

Francesco Calogero

in Isochronous Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199535286
eISBN:
9780191715853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535286.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

In Chapter 8 five directions of future research are tersely mentioned in order of increasing importance. The investigation of Diophantine relations, such as those reported in Appendix C. The ... More


An introduction to maximum entropy

Peter Main

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Maximum entropy methods are used in crystallography for estimating reflection phases among other applications. This chapter explains the basic concepts behind maximum entropy, including entropy ... More


Denying Divinity: Apophasis in the Patristic Christian and Soto Zen Buddhist Traditions

J. P. Williams

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269991
eISBN:
9780191683855
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269991.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, World Religions

The classical texts of Christianity and Zen Buddhism contain resources with potent appeal to contemporary spirituality. The ‘apophatic’, or ‘negative’, may offer a means to integrate the conservation ... More


 The Origins of Life and the Cosmos as Evolutionary Themes

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter demonstrates that the origin of the universe was probabilistic, not preordained, because Heisenberg's uncertainty principle would have been violated at the level of the Big Bang. The ... More


Moral Reality

Paul Bloomfield

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137132
eISBN:
9780199833092
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195137132.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The book is a work in metaethics, constituting a defense of moral realism. The book begins with what I call a “modest transcendental argument” for the existence of the property of moral goodness ... More


OBJECTIVE BAYESIANISM

Jon Williamson

in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530794
eISBN:
9780191712982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

Objective Bayesianism imposes two norms on degrees of belief: degrees of belief should be constrained by empirical information and they should otherwise be as equivocal as possible. The origins of ... More


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