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The Biology of Homosexuality

Jacques Balthazart

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This book presents a simple description of the biological mechanisms that are involved in the determination of sexual orientation in animals and also presumably in humans. Using scientific studies ... More


The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Harold G. Koenig and Harvey J. Cohen

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This book presents new medical research establishing a connection between religion and health and examines the implications for Eastern and Western religious traditions and for society and culture. ... More


ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Ted R. Anderson

in Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter summarizes research on the anatomy and physiology of the House Sparrow based on organ systems: integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, ... More


Contexts and Ethology of Vertebrate Aggression: Implications for the Evolution of Hormone-Behavior Interactions

John C. Wingfield, Ignacio T. Moore, Wolfgang Goymann, Douglas W. Wacker, and Todd Sperry

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter begins by discussing the types and contexts of vertebrate aggression and how it is controlled by the endocrine system. It then addresses hormone-aggression interactions and their ... More


Life Stages, Hormones, and Brain Remodeling: Aging

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines the changes in brain plasticity and endocrine function with aging. It discusses whether the decrease in plasma levels of several hormones that occur with aging represents a ... More


Hormones and the Mutable Brain

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter begins with a discussion of the concepts of homeostasis, allostasis, homeodynamics, brain plasticity, and endocrine glands. It then discusses cellular plasticity, cellular replacement, ... More


The MCS and ED Cases

Kevin C. Elliott

in Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199755622
eISBN:
9780199827121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755622.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows how the major lessons of the preceding chapters apply to cases of policy‐relevant research other than hormesis. It argues that those who investigate endocrine disruption and ... More


The neuropsychology of endocrine disorders

David M. Erlanger, Geoffrey Tremont, and Jennifer Duncan Davis

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.30
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

A basic understanding of how endocrine dysfunction affects the central nervous system is important for a majority of cases referred for assessment by clinical neuropsychologists. Beyond playing a ... More


Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Jill B. Becker, Karen J. Berkley, Nori Geary, Elizabeth Hampson, James P. Herman, and Elizabeth Young (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Sex is a fundamentally important biological variable. Recent years have seen significant progress in the integration of sex in many aspects of basic and clinical research, including analyses of sex ... More


Psychoneuroendocrine Research on Music and Health: An Overview

Gunter Kreutz, Cynthia Quiroga Murcia, and Stephan Bongard

in Music, Health, and Wellbeing

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199586974
eISBN:
9780191738357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586974.003.0030
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter examines the influences of musical activities such as listening, singing, or dancing on the endocrine system. The underlying assumption is that psychological processes associated with ... More


Current management of advanced breast cancer

Mahesh Iddawela, Athar Ahmad, Karen McAdam, and Helena Earl

in Palliative Care Consultations in Advanced Breast Cancer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530756
eISBN:
9780191730481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530756.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses the current management of advanced breast cancer. It examines the treatments available to the patients: targeted therapy, endocrine therapy, and chemotherapy. Each treatment is ... More


The Hormonal Control of Sexual Behavior

Jacques Balthazart

in The Biology of Homosexuality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199838820
eISBN:
9780199919512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838820.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Development

This chapter presents a brief review of a mass of data widely accepted in the scientific world concerning the neuroendocrinology of behavior. Although a dense array of technical points is presented, ... More


Endocrine Disruptors, Brain, and Behavior

Heather B. Patisaul and Scott M. Belcher

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199935734
eISBN:
9780190678524
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199935734.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Behavioural Neuroendocrinology

Hormones play a foundational role in the sex-specific organization of the brain and, consequently, the complex behaviors they coordinate. Our world and bodies are becoming increasingly polluted with ... More


Central Autonomic Control of the Pancreas

R. Alberto Travagli and Kirsteen N. Browning

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The autonomic nervous system plays a major role in controlling the exocrine and endocrine functions of the pancreas. This chapter provides an overview of the peripheral (parasympathetic, sympathetic, ... More


Psychosocial Interventions and Prognosis in Cancer

DAVID SPIEGEL and FAWZY I. FAWZY

in The Link Between Religion and Health: Psychoneuroimmunology and the Faith Factor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195143607
eISBN:
9780199893256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143607.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

This chapter explores the effects that psychosocial interventions can have on cancer prognosis. The results of major studies that examined the impact of psychosocial and behavioral interventions on ... More


Endocrine pathways in differential well-being across the life course

Carol M. Worthman

in A Life Course Approach to Women's Health

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192632890
eISBN:
9780191723629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632890.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a survey of endocrine axes (gonadal, adrenal, thyroid, adiposal) to show how mediating pathways operate. Hormones are central agents in the pathways to differential well-being: ... More


Epistatic social and endocrine networks and the evolution of life history trade-offs and plasticity

Lesley T. Lancaster and Barry Sinervo

in Mechanisms of Life History Evolution: The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199568765
eISBN:
9780191774591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199568765.003.0025
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Traditional life history theory ignores trade-offs due to social interactions, yet social systems expand the set of possible trade-offs affecting a species evolution by introducing asymmetric ... More


A life course approach to neuroendocrine systems: the example of the HPA axis

Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Michael Gardner, and Stafford Lightman

in A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199656516
eISBN:
9780191748042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656516.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Endocrine systems play an important role in development, and in maintaining normal health. The hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis is one plausible pathway as it may be related to frailty, ... More


Intestinal Satiety

DANIELLE GREENBERG

in Satiation: From Gut to Brain

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195105155
eISBN:
9780199848263
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195105155.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter also reviews the evidence concerning the preabsorptive sites, adequate stimuli, and neural and endocrine or paracrine components of small intestinal satiating mechanisms. The chapter ... More


Integration and control: hormones

Derek Burton and Margaret Burton

in Essential Fish Biology: Diversity, structure, and function

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198785552
eISBN:
9780191827433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785552.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Animal Biology

Fish, and other vertebrates, possess both a neural control system and a hormonal one dependent on the circulation. Fish hormones may be secreted by well-defined endocrine glands or by diffuse tissue ... More


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