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The Labour Market and the Distribution of Income: The Dual Labour Market Approach

Tsuneo Ishikawa

in Income and Wealth

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288626
eISBN:
9780191596469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019828862X.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter begins by providing an overview of the basic arguments of the dual labour market approach and of previous attempts to construct a formal analytical framework, and, by drawing attention ... More


Population Growth, Employment Expansion and Technological Change

Christopher Bliss, Peter Lanjouw, and Nicholas Stern

in Economic Development in Palanpur over Five Decades

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288329
eISBN:
9780191596599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288328.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Provides a detailed examination of the key forces of change in Palanpur over the survey period. The more than doubling of the village population over the survey period is analysed. The expansion of ... More


Trading Places: The 1960s and 1970s

Nancy Woloch

in A Class by Herself: Protective Laws for Women Workers, 1890s-1990s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691002590
eISBN:
9781400866366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691002590.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on the rise of feminism in the 1960s and the downfall of single-sex protective laws. Protection's downfall rested not on the Equal Employment Opportunities Commission (EEOC), but ... More


Gendered Trajectories: Women, Work, and Social Change in Japan and Taiwan

Wei-hsin Yu

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804760096
eISBN:
9780804771047
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804760096.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This book explores why industrial societies vary in the pace at which they reduce gender inequality and compares changes in women's employment opportunities in Japan and Taiwan over the last ... More


Becoming the Urban Crisis, 1961–1963

David Hamilton Golland

in Constructing Affirmative Action: The Struggle for Equal Employment Opportunity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129976
eISBN:
9780813135472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129976.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

Maxwell C. Stanford and Stanley Daniels were African Americans who had gone to a Philadelphia school construction site demonstration in order to document what the NAACP intended to be a peaceful ... More


The Contribution of Industry to Solving the Food Problem in Africa *

Wangwe Samuel

in The Political Economy of Hunger: Volume 3: Endemic Hunger

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198286370
eISBN:
9780191718441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198286370.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter investigates some important intersectoral relationships, specifically the positive contribution of industry, by raising agricultural productivity and creating employment opportunities ... More


Turning Our Backs on the New Deal: The End of Welfare in 1996

Jeffrey Lehman and Sheldon Danziger

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0029
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA), characterized as a regressive step that compromises the basic right of a safety net ... More


Employment: tackling poverty through ‘work for those who can’

Abigail McKnight

in A more equal society?: New Labour, poverty, inequality and exclusion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345783
eISBN:
9781447301394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345783.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

Labour's strong focus on employment is rooted at the historical heart of the party. Although employment is still an aspiration for the party, their approach to employment policy has changed ... More


Negotiating work and family life

Harriet Churchill

in Parental rights and responsibilities: Analysing social policy and lived experiences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420916
eISBN:
9781447302896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420916.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter reviews research about parental perspectives and experiences of paid work. It highlights discrepancies between parental aspirations and preferences in relation to work-family issues and ... More


. Employment from the March on Washington to the Pilot Placement Project, 1940–1950

Touré F. Reed

in Not Alms but Opportunity: The Urban League and the Politics of Racial Uplift, 1910-1950

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807832233
eISBN:
9781469605708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807888544_reed.12
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses the Urban League's continued perception of government assistance as essential to achieving its traditional goals of helping blacks obtain employment while adjusting them to the ... More


Who Really Lost Jobs in Japan?: Youth Employment in an Aging Japanese Society

Yuji Genda

in Labor Markets and Firm Benefit Policies in Japan and the United States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226620947
eISBN:
9780226620954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226620954.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter looks at how the rapid aging of Japanese society has changed employment opportunities for youth. It concludes that a decline in overall labor demand largely resulted in reduced ... More


Religious Discrimination at Various Stages of the Employment Relationship

Raymond F. Gregory

in Encountering Religion in the Workplace: The Legal Rights and Responsibilities of Workers and Employers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449543
eISBN:
9780801460746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449543.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter examines acts of religious discrimination at various stages of the employment relationship. A worker who intends to pursue a religious discrimination claim against his or her employer ... More


Religious Discrimination and Retaliation

Raymond F. Gregory

in Encountering Religion in the Workplace: The Legal Rights and Responsibilities of Workers and Employers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449543
eISBN:
9780801460746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449543.003.0019
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter examines how the law protects employees from acts of employer retaliation when they are engaged in exercising the rights granted them by Title VII. Employers have a tendency to react ... More


Religion and the Law in the Workplace of the Future

Raymond F. Gregory

in Encountering Religion in the Workplace: The Legal Rights and Responsibilities of Workers and Employers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449543
eISBN:
9780801460746
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449543.003.0021
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

This chapter reflects on issues arising from the practice of religion in the workplace and how to resolve them. Employers and employees will confront complex issues that typically occur in the ... More


Competing perspectives on lifelong learning and their implications for people with learning difficulties

Sheila Riddell, Stephen Baron, and Alastair Wilson

in The Learning Society and people with learning difficulties

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342232
eISBN:
9781447303886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342232.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter explores the ways in which learning difficulties are understood at the present time, demonstrating the inadequacy of explanations based solely on biological or social constructions. It ... More


On the Move: Changing Mechanisms of Mexico-U.S. Migration

Filiz Garip

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691161068
eISBN:
9781400883769
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161068.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

Why do Mexicans migrate to the United States? Is there a typical Mexican migrant? Beginning in the 1970s, survey data indicated that the average migrant was a young, unmarried man who was poor, ... More


The Road to Damascus: The Vice Presidency, 1960–1963

Sylvia Ellis

in Freedom's Pragmatist: Lyndon Johnson and Civil Rights

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044569
eISBN:
9780813046174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044569.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Despite his frustration at being second in command, Johnson's vice presidency enabled him to develop his civil rights credentials. His role as chair of the President's Committee on Equal Employment ... More


Israeli and Russian Jews: Gendered Perspectives on Settlement and Return Migration

Steven J. Gold

in Gender and U.S. Immigration: Contemporary Trends

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225619
eISBN:
9780520929869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225619.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter references the literature on gendered settlement preferences. It stresses the importance of comparing the status and employment opportunities of immigrants in the United States with what ... More


Fragmentation of Society in Manipur

M. Sajjad Hassan

in Building Legitimacy: Exploring State-Society Relations in Northeast India

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195692976
eISBN:
9780199081547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195692976.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Indian Politics

This chapter investigates the dynamics of the exclusivist political mobilization in Manipur. It explores the social basis, aspirations, and interests of the rising middle class in the Imphal Valley. ... More


Women’s History and the Sears Case

Ruth Milkman

in On Gender, Labor, and Inequality

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252040320
eISBN:
9780252098581
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252040320.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This chapter explores the dynamics of job segregation by gender as well as the social and cultural construction of boundaries between “male” and “female” work in the retail sector. More specifically, ... More


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