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Guodian: The Newly Discovered Seeds of Chinese Religious and Political Philosophy

Kenneth Holloway

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371451
eISBN:
9780199870653
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371451.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

The Guodian manuscripts were buried with the teacher of the heir apparent to the Chu throne. The tomb was closed around 300 BCE shortly before one of the most significant period-defining events in ... More


“This Fundamental Problem”: MacArthur Saves Hirohito

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes how MacArthur in late 1945 and early 1946 saved Hirohito from trial as a war criminal. Contacted by imperial advisers, MacArthur became convinced that Hirohito would cooperate in ... More


Contacts: Failure and Achievement 1258–1453

J. M. Hussey

in The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198264569
eISBN:
9780191601170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198264569.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Covers the period 1258–1453, and various complex issues and history of the Orthodox Church are addressed following the re‐establishment of certain parts of the Byzantine Empire and the demise of the ... More


Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book demonstrates that Japan's postwar Constitution has provided a solid foundation for democracy because, contrary to the conventional view that the American Occupation simply “imposed” it, ... More


 Teaching Ritual Propriety and Authority through Japanese Religions

John Nelson

in Teaching Ritual

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195176452
eISBN:
9780199785308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176452.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes the author's teaching of valuable lessons about the historical uses of ritual that often do not appear in courses — for example, how Shintō symbolism could turn the Japanese ... More


Religion and Politics: The West, Islam, Byzantium

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Early Christianity saw church and state as separate. Early Islam conceived a single 'umma under a single caliphate. It prescribed an all-embracing Shari'a. But after Constantine Christianity brought ... More


“Free and Untrammeled Debate”: The Emperor's Prerogatives

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

On June 29, the speaker of the House of Representatives named 70 members (chosen to represent the parties proportionally) to serve as an ad hoc committee on [constitutional] revision. This chapter ... More


“Last Service to the Fatherland”: The House of Peers Addresses Constitutional Revision

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Having passed the lower house, the proposed revision came next before the House of Peers. The aristocratic upper house would exist no longer under the new constitution, yet its approval was critical ... More


“Negotiated Surrender”: American Planning and Occupation

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the U.S. government's wartime (1942–1945) planning of the occupation of Japan. American planners clashed over the role of Japan's emperor in a postwar democratic nation. Joseph Grew and ... More


“A Liberal and Enlightened Constitution”: The Scap Model

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Shows how General MacArthur, early in February 1946, seized on a “scoop” by the newspaper Mainichi that convinced him that the Japanese cabinet was making little headway toward revising the ... More


The Political Function of Religion

Dominic J. O’Meara

in Platonopolis: Platonic Political Philosophy in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199285532
eISBN:
9780191717819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285532.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter concerns the political importance of religion. Plato’s views on this theme are briefly sketched, as is the Neoplatonic interpretation of these views, with particular reference to Julian ... More


 Invocation of the Sage: The Ritual to Glorify the Emperor

Michel Mohr

in Zen Ritual: Studies of Zen Theory in Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195304671
eISBN:
9780199866861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304671.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Chapter 7 describes the history and contemporary standing of a political ritual practiced in most Japanese Zen monasteries and temples today. This hour long ritual—Shukushin (Invoking the Sage)—is ... More


Kelvin and the Development of Science in Meiji Japan

Colin Latimer

in Kelvin: Life, Labours and Legacy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199231256
eISBN:
9780191710803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231256.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

The modern era in Japan is normally considered as beginning in 1868 when the feudal age, or Edo era, finally ended. The Emperor Meiji declared the restoration of Imperial rule in January 1868 (the ... More


Out of Place: Fetal References in Japanese Mythology and Cultural Memory

Jane Marie Law

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

This chapter explores three references to fetal imagery in Japanese mythology and cultural memory where the fetal reference clearly works as symbol. Though historically dispersed, these three ... More


 The Poem

D. Dennis Hudson

in The Body of God: An Emperor's Palace for Krishna in Eighth Century Kanchipuram

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195369229
eISBN:
9780199871162
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369229.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter translates and briefly discusses each of the ten stanzas of Tirumangai's poem about the temple. The two‐part structure of each stanza, divided between God in the first two lines and ... More


The Council of Ferrara-Florence (1438–39)

Edward A. Siecienski

in The Filioque: History of a Doctrinal Controversy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372045
eISBN:
9780199777297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372045.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

By any standard the “reunion council” of Ferrara-Florence was a disaster. Yet whether it was a success that failed or a failure that almost succeeded, the Council of Florence warrants a special place ... More


Imperial Mines and Quarries in the Roman World: Organizational Aspects 27 BC-AD 235

Alfred Michael Hirt

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572878
eISBN:
9780191721885
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572878.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

For the Roman empire the control of its metal and marble resources was of high significance: marble was central to the representation of imperial wealth and power and the uninhibited access to metal ... More


Epilogue

Stephen McDowall

in Qian Qianyi's Reflections on Yellow Mountain: Traces of a Late-Ming Hatchet and Chisel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622090842
eISBN:
9789882207318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622090842.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

As the late-Ming world neared its end taking with it the open culture it had fostered, this proved to be a challenge for the educated élite as they had to transition into the new era of Qing rule. ... More


Basil II and the Governance of Empire (976-1025)

Catherine Holmes

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279685
eISBN:
9780191707353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279685.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Asian and Middle Eastern History: BCE to 500CE

The reign of Emperor Basil II is usually considered the high-water mark of medieval Byzantium. During Basil's reign, Byzantine political authority extended from southern Italy to the Euphrates. With ... More


The Elephant in the Room: Silence and Denial in Everyday Life

Eviatar Zerubavel

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195187175
eISBN:
9780199943371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187175.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The fable of the Emperor's New Clothes is a classic example of a conspiracy of silence, a situation where everyone refuses to acknowledge an obvious truth. But the denial of social realities—whether ... More


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