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Plasma Spectroscopy

Takashi Fujimoto

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198530282
eISBN:
9780191713149
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530282.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This book presents a theoretical framework of plasma spectroscopy, in which the observed spectral line intensities or the populations of excited levels of atoms or ions immersed in plasma are ... More


Facts on GHG Emissions and the Change in Average Global Surface Temperature

Alfred Greiner and Willi Semmler

in The Global Environment, Natural Resources, and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328233
eISBN:
9780199869985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328233.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes scientific knowledge concerning greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the change in global average surface temperature. It considers the climate system of the Earth is in terms of ... More


 International Experience with Competing Approaches to Environmental Policy: Results from Six Paired Cases

Winston Harrington and Richard D. Morgenstern

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay presents the results of an international effort to compare the actual outcomes of pollution control policies using economic incentive (EI) instruments with those using direct regulation or ... More


Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: New Policy Options

Ramón López and Michael A. Toman (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199298006
eISBN:
9780191603877
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199298009.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This paper examines the record of urban population growth, health, and health care spending in developing countries; describes the linkage between urban air pollution and health; and weighs policy ... More


Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Jody Freeman and Charles D. Kolstad

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Over the last decade, market-based incentives have become the regulatory tool of choice when trying to solve difficult environmental problems. Evidence of their dominance can be seen in recent ... More


 Prescriptive Environmental Regulations versus Market‐Based Incentives

Jody Freeman and Charles D. Kolstad

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter begins with a discussion of the rationale for evaluating the performance of market instruments for environmental regulation. It then describes how the volume combined the disciplines of ... More


 Are Cap‐and‐Trade Programs More Environmentally Effective than Conventional Regulation?

Ellerman A. Denny

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay explains why cap-and-trade programs (in which government establishes an overall cap on pollution but allows firms to trade allocations beneath the cap) can be both more economically ... More


 Cost Savings from Allowance Trading in the 1990 Clean Air Act: Estimates from a Choice‐Based Model

Nathaniel O. Keohane

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay offers a comprehensive assessment of the cost savings over the first five years of the allowance trading program. The current study has two methodological advantages over the previous ... More


 Design, Trading, and Innovation

David M. Driesen

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter makes two theoretical claims and two empirical claims. The first theoretical claim is that emissions trading does a poorer job, in theory, of encouraging expensive innovation than ... More


DUSTY PLASMAS

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses the physics of complex (dusty) plasmas — low-temperature plasmas containing charged microparticles — and the major types of experimental dusty plasmas. Various elementary ... More


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