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The Re-Emergence of Emergence: The Emergentist Hypothesis from Science to Religion

Philip Clayton and Paul Davies (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199544318
eISBN:
9780191701351
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544318.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

Much of the modern period was dominated by a ‘reductionist’ theory of science. On this view, to explain any event in the world is to reduce it down to fundamental particles, laws, and forces. In ... More


The Devil in the Details: Asymptotic Reasoning in Explanation, Reduction, and Emergence

Robert W. Batterman

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195146479
eISBN:
9780199833078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195146476.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book focuses on a form of reasoning in science that I call “asymptotic reasoning.” At base, this type of reasoning involves methods that eliminate details and, in some sense, precision. ... More


Persons and Causes: The Metaphysics of Free Will

Timothy O'Connor

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153743
eISBN:
9780199867080
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515374X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

PERSONS AND CAUSES investigates the nature of freedom of action, or ‘metaphysical’ freedom, which is generally supposed to be a necessary condition on moral responsibility. The author develops a ... More


“Supervenient and Yet Not Deducible”: Is There a Coherent Concept of Ontological Emergence?

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“ ‘Supervenient and Yet Not Deducible’: Is There a Coherent Concept of Ontological Emergence?” raises what seems like a deep and fundamental difficulty with the concept of emergence. It is common to ... More


 Scientific Foundations of an Evolutionary Theology

Gloria L. Schaab

in Creative Suffering of the Triune God: An Evolutionary Theology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195329124
eISBN:
9780199785711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329124.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter 2 explores the epic of an evolving universe in order to understand the entities, structures, and processes that disclose the nature, attributes, and purposes of its Creator. This exploration ... More


The Obligations of Power

William Bain

in Between Anarchy and Society: Trusteeship and the Obligations of Power

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199260263
eISBN:
9780191600975
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260265.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The idea of trusteeship in international society originates in late 18th century British India. The purpose of this chapter is to examine the emergence of trusteeship as a justification of political ... More


Capitalism, City Space, and Class Formation: A Journey Organized By Friedrich Engels

Ira Katznelson

in Marxism and the City

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198279242
eISBN:
9780191601910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198279248.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The previous chapter showed that neither David Harvey nor Manuel Castells in the early 1980s tackled the limitations of Marxist urban studies persuasively, each in his own way abandoning the project ... More


Policy-Induced Clusters: The Genesis of Biotechnology Clustering on the East Coast of China

Martha Prevezer and Han Tang

in Cluster Genesis: Technology-Based Industrial Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207183
eISBN:
9780191708886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207183.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The Chinese government has the ambition to develop China into a globally leading biotech nation. The genesis of three major biotechnology clusters along the east coast of China is considered in this ... More


Mafia Origins, Transplantation, and the Paradoxes of Democracy

Federico Varese

in Mafias on the Move: How Organized Crime Conquers New Territories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691128559
eISBN:
9781400836727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691128559.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter outlines a general perspective of mafia emergence and transplantation, and offers some considerations on the relation between democracy and mafias. Recent studies have shown that mafias ... More


What are Allee effects?

Franck Courchamp, Luděk Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne

in Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198570301
eISBN:
9780191717642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This first chapter acts as an introduction to the book. It explains what an Allee effect is, provides a clear definition of the main concept and of its nuances, and briefly explains how it works both ... More


An Emergentist's Perspective on the Problem of Free Will

Achim Stephan

in Emergence in Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Many problems that have been discussed in the philosophy of mind have been discussed from an emergentist's perspective. But there is little consideration, if any, of the problem of free will. This ... More


The Fabric of the Cosmos: The Emergence of New Creation in “Second Isaiah”

William P. Brown

in The Seven Pillars of Creation: The Bible, Science, and the Ecology of Wonder

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730797
eISBN:
9780199777075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730797.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies, Theology

In stark contrast to Ecclesiastes, Isaiah 40-55 provides a dynamic and open-ended picture of creation. This chapter examines certain passages from Second Isaiah that were evidently composed at the ... More


Nonreductive Physicalism and Mysterianism

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the consequences of post‐reductionist philosophy of science for nonreductive physicalism. Nonreductive physicalism is compatible with explanatory pluralism in philosophy of ... More


Introduction: New Approaches to Knotty Old Problems

Nancey Murphy and Warren S. Brown

in Did My Neurons Make Me Do It?: Philosophical and Neurobiological Perspectives on Moral Responsibility and Free Will

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199215393
eISBN:
9780191707025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215393.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The problem that is addressed by this book is given in the form of the question: ‘If humans are physical systems, and if it is their brains that allow them to think, how can it not be the case that ... More


PROBABLY: English Epistemic Adverbs and Their Cultural Significance

Anna Wierzbicka

in English: Meaning and Culture

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195174748
eISBN:
9780199788514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195174748.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, English Language

English has a much larger repertoire of epistemic (sentential) adverbs than other European languages, possibly indeed without parallel in other languages of the world. The set of these adverbs ... More


Life History Variation and Phenology

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter looks at examples illustrating patterns in phenological responses to observed and experimental climate change. The most commonly observed phenological response to recent climate change ... More


Community epidemiology

Sharon K. Collinge and Chris Ray

in Disease Ecology: Community structure and pathogen dynamics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567080
eISBN:
9780191717871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567080.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The purpose of this book is to highlight exciting recent advances in theoretical and empirical research which has been conducted towards a greater understanding of the importance of community ... More


Systemic Management: Sustainable Human Interactions with Ecosystems and the Biosphere

Charles W. Fowler

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199540969
eISBN:
9780191716249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199540969.001.1
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

“Systemic management” describes a holistic, objective, and universally applicable form of management, providing a framework for addressing environmental challenges such as global warming, emergent ... More


Cooperation Emergent

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

in Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter explores the concept of emergence in relation to cooperation, and more specifically how social interactions can lead to the spontaneous emergence of norms, conventions, and other social ... More


Meeting at Grand Central

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

in Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter summarizes the book's findings regarding cooperation, coordination, and collective action as well as adaptation and the role that organizations play in fostering cooperation. It first ... More


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