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Creation Ethics: Reproduction, Genetics, and Quality of Life

David DeGrazia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195389630
eISBN:
9780199949731
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389630.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The ethics of creating—or declining to create—people has been addressed in several contexts: debates over abortion and embryo research; literature on “self-creation”; discussions of procreative ... More


“On One Path or the Other”: Cloning, Religion, and the Making of U.S. Biopolicy

Nigel M. de S. Cameron

David E. Guinn (ed.)

in Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178739
eISBN:
9780199784943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178734.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The series of policy positions of the US administration in the opening years of the “biotech century” in respect to cloning, embryonic stem cell research, and the patenting of human embryos offers a ... More


 Medically Assisted Reproduction

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables relevant to the following topics are presented: criteria for patient selection, egg “donation” and “surrogacy”, multiple gestations, and disposition of in vitro embryos ... More


A Theory of Unborn Life: From Abortion to Genetic Manipulation

Anja J. Karnein

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199782475
eISBN:
9780199933297
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782475.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

In light of new biomedical technologies, such as artificial reproduction, stem cell research, genetic selection and design, the question of what we owe to future persons and unborn life more ... More


The Colossal Fetuses of La Venta and Mesoamerica’s Earliest Creation Story

Carolyn E. Tate

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

Among the earliest monumental sculptures of the Americas were depictions of the human fetus. Along with representations of the human embryo, sculptures of the fetus were important subjects in the art ... More


Sterility and Death

Adam G. Cooper

in Life in the Flesh: An Anti-Gnostic Spiritual Philosophy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546626
eISBN:
9780191720208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546626.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Theology

It is ironic that the culture which embraced voluntary sterility via contraception is now facing a large-scale crisis of involuntary sterility. Moral objections to contraception consistently identify ... More


Life Before Birth: The Moral and Legal Status of Embryos and Fetuses

Bonnie Steinbock

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195341621
eISBN:
9780199897131
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341621.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book provides a coherent framework for addressing bioethical issues in which the moral status of embryos and fetuses is relevant. It is based on the “interest view,” which ascribes moral ... More


 Sexual Control and Daoist Cultivation

Livia Kohn

in Celibacy and Religious Traditions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195306316
eISBN:
9780199867721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306316.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Celibacy was not central to Daoism ethos and the basic Confucian conviction that the family represented the basis of Chinese society, although harnessing and refining sexual energy, a basic power of ... More


The Elusive Embryo: How Women and Men Approach New Reproductive Technologies

Gay Becker

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520224308
eISBN:
9780520925243
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520224308.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This book brings together the work of writers from a range of disciplines and cultural traditions to explore the social and political dimensions of sexuality and sexual experience. The chapters ... More


Metazoans enter the stage

Alessandro Minelli

in Perspectives in Animal Phylogeny and Evolution

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198566205
eISBN:
9780191713866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566205.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Molecular phylogenetics places the animals firmly within the clade of the Opisthokonta, with the choanoflagellates as their most likely sister group. Choanoflagellates possess many of those ... More


Introduction: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction

Stephen Wilkinson

in Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273966
eISBN:
9780191706585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273966.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This introductory chapter starts by briefly describing three real cases of selective reproduction. It then offers a general account of what selective reproduction is: that it involves choosing ... More


Treating Children as Commodities

Stephen Wilkinson

in Choosing Tomorrow's Children: The Ethics of Selective Reproduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199273966
eISBN:
9780191706585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273966.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter evaluates the claim that selecting saviour siblings involves the wrongful instrumentalisation and/or commodification of children. It argues that such claims are generally confused and ... More


Prenatal Moral Status and Ethics

David DeGrazia

in Creation Ethics: Reproduction, Genetics, and Quality of Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195389630
eISBN:
9780199949731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195389630.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter addresses the question of how we should understand the moral status of the prenatal human being and the attendant ethical issues of abortion and embryo research. The first section ... More


The Human Dignity of Embryos?: The German Case

Anja J. Karnein

in A Theory of Unborn Life: From Abortion to Genetic Manipulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199782475
eISBN:
9780199933297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199782475.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter explores to what extent the Personhood Dependent Principle (PDP) as it is developed in Chapter One is an attractive principle for a country such as Germany, with strong constitutional ... More


 Stem Cell Politics, Religious and Secular: The United States and France Compared

Thomas Banchoff

in Democracy and the New Religious Pluralism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195307221
eISBN:
9780199785513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307221.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter has three sections. The first section examines a methodological problem — how to describe and compare the evolution of national controversies. The second compares the evolution of embryo ... More


Embryo Politics: Ethics and Policy in Atlantic Democracies

Thomas Banchoff

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449574
eISBN:
9780801460593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449574.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Since the first fertilization of a human egg in the laboratory in 1968, scientific and technological breakthroughs have raised ethical dilemmas and generated policy controversies on both sides of the ... More


Infants and Foetuses

Kathleen V. Wilkes

in Real People: Personal Identity without Thought Experiments

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198240808
eISBN:
9780191680281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240808.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Typical persons are rational, can use language, are intentional systems, require certain kinds of treatment from others, are agents of responsible behaviour, and have some special kind of ... More


Nicole M. Le Douarin

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Nicole Le Douarin began her research career while a high school teacher. Her PhD work under the supervision of Etienne Wolff was on the development of the digestive tract and liver in the chick ... More


Design and Destiny: Jewish and Christian Perspectives on Human Germline Modification

Ronald Cole-Turner (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262033732
eISBN:
9780262270632
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262033732.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Bioethics

We are approaching the day when advances in biotechnology will allow parents to “design” a baby with the traits they want. The continuing debate over the possibilities of genetic engineering has been ... More


Embryo Visions

Lynn M. Morgan

in Icons of Life: A Cultural History of Human Embryos

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520260436
eISBN:
9780520944725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260436.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter introduces the world of Franklin Mall, the anatomist and avid human embryo collector without whom the embryo collection might not have existed. Mall's career spanned a transitional ... More


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