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Against the Masses: Varieties of Anti-Democratic Thought Since the French Revolution

Joseph V. Femia

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280637
eISBN:
9780191599231
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280637.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Given the almost universal assumption that democracy is a ‘good thing’, the goal of mankind, it is easy to forget that ‘rule by the people’ has been vehemently opposed by some of the most ... More


For and Against the Mandate of Creation

James Davison Hunter

in To Change the World: The Irony, Tragedy, and Possibility of Christianity Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730803
eISBN:
9780199777082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730803.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Populism is organic to American Christianity, yet on the other hand, populism is, in some ways, at odds with what we know about the most historically significant dynamics of world-changing. In other ... More


 Conclusion: “Through the Particular to the Universal”

Terryl C. Givens

in People of Paradox: A History of Mormon Culture

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195167115
eISBN:
9780199785599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195167115.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Ultimately, the challenge of Mormon culture is to assert individualism without elitism, and to embrace universalism without compromise. Mormonism must ultimately represent the best of what is human. ... More


The Argument for the Secret Constitution

George P. Fletcher

in Our Secret Constitution: How Lincoln Redefined American Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156287
eISBN:
9780199872169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195156285.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter argues that the Civil War began with one set of purposes, and ended with another. The original motive for resisting Southern secession was preserving the Union, but the final goal was to ... More


Objections to Educational Equality

Harry Brighouse

in School Choice and Social Justice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257874
eISBN:
9780191598845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257876.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Responds to a series of objections to the principle of educational equality, including the argument from elitism, the argument from the value of the family, libertarian arguments that reject ... More


Introduction

Robert E. Goodin

in Reflective Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256174
eISBN:
9780191599354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256179.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Introduces Goodin's proposed model of reflective democracy, which is fundamentally liberal democracy. It starts by situating the overall project—which is an attempt to identify deliberative ... More


The Futility Thesis

Joseph V. Femia

in Against the Masses: Varieties of Anti-Democratic Thought Since the French Revolution

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280637
eISBN:
9780191599231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280637.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The futility thesis argues that power elites are necessary in society. Two different types of explanation are offered: psychological and organizational. The former is illustrated through a critical ... More


The Burden of Leadership: A Theology of Faithful Presence in Practice

James Davison Hunter

in To Change the World: The Irony, Tragedy, and Possibility of Christianity Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199730803
eISBN:
9780199777082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199730803.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Everyone exercises leadership to varying degrees for we all exercise relative influence in the wide variety of contexts in which we live. By the same logic, we are all also followers in a sense, for ... More


 Kabbalists in the Community

Pinchas Giller

in Shalom Shar'abi and the Kabbalists of Beit El

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328806
eISBN:
9780199870196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328806.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

The Beit El circles, from their inception to the present, have seen themselves as practicing the most essential and avant‐garde form of Judaism. To this end, the Beit El tradition developed specific ... More


New York: Elite Pragmatism and Managerialism

Vanessa Barker

in The Politics of Imprisonment: How the Democratic Process Shapes the Way America Punishes Offenders

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195370027
eISBN:
9780199871315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195370027.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter analyzes how New York's democratic process has been informed by a mix of pragmatism and elitism, a tension between providing for the public good and private self‐interest. In this ... More


1948 to 1962: The Remaking of Social Class Identities

Mike Savage

in Identities and Social Change in Britain since 1940: The Politics of Method

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199587650
eISBN:
9780191740626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587650.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter examines how the social science infrastructure explored the changing character of popular identities in Great Britain during the post-war period. It argues against epochalist accounts ... More


Introduction

Rahul Rao

in Third World Protest: Between Home and the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560370
eISBN:
9780191721694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560370.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter outlines the main themes of the book. It introduces the idea of cosmopolitanism as it is understood in everyday language and in the literature of philosophy and the social sciences. It ... More


The People

Yuri Pines

in The Everlasting Empire: The Political Culture of Ancient China and Its Imperial Legacy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134956
eISBN:
9781400842278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134956.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter explores the reasons for the recurrence of large-scale popular uprisings throughout imperial history. It considers how the idea of rebellion correlates with fundamental principles of ... More


The Economics of Ecstasy: The Economic Hierarchy and Business Tactics of the Kartābhajās

Hugh B. Urban

in The Economics of Ecstasy: Tantra, Secrecy and Power in Colonial Bengal

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195139020
eISBN:
9780199834778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513902X.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Discusses the more problematic aspects of Kartābhajā secrecy as a potential strategy of elitism and economic exploitation. The central ambivalence over religion and economics at the very heart of the ... More


A Sign of Quality: Bouhours and the Polite Circle

Richard Scholar

in The Je-Ne-Sais-Quoi in Early Modern Europe: Encounters with a Certain Something

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199274406
eISBN:
9780191706448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274406.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

This chapter examines uses of the je-ne-sais-quoi in polite literature, particularly Bouhours and his contemporary the Chevalier de Méré, to refer to an imperceptible sign of social quality and ... More


Taking an Elitist Stance: Ideology and the Discursive Production of Social Distinction

Adam Jaworski and Crispin Thurlow

in Stance: Sociolinguistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331646
eISBN:
9780199867974
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331646.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter examines elitism as a stance as it is accomplished in travel sections of two British weekend newspapers aimed at middle-class, affluent readership—The Sunday Times and The Guardian—and ... More


An Aristocracy of Everyone: The Politics of Education and the Future of America

Benjamin R. Barber

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195091540
eISBN:
9780199854172
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195091540.001.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This book sets a new agenda for the debate over education in America. It argues that both sides of the current debate—the elitist, anti-democratic conservatives and the radical champions of political ... More


The Republican Democratization of Criminal Law and Justice

José Luis Martí

in Legal Republicanism: National and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199559169
eISBN:
9780191720956
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559169.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter presents a brief characterization of penal republicanism in general and explores the concrete implications of one of the main principles supported by that theory: the principle of ... More


Cultures of Anyone: Studies on Cultural Democratization in the Spanish Neoliberal Crisis

Luis Moreno-Caballud

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381939
eISBN:
9781781382295
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381939.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Cultural Studies

This book studies the emergence of collaborative and non-hierarchical cultures in the context of the Spanish economic crisis of 2008. It explains how peer-to-peer social networks that have arisen ... More


The Governing Perspective

William L. Miller, Annis May Timpson, and Michael Lessnoff

in Political Culture in Contemporary Britain: People and Politicians, Principles and Practice

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198279846
eISBN:
9780191684302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198279846.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

How do the views of politicians compare with those of the people? To answer this question a sample of 1,244 politicians were interviewed simultaneously with the survey of the public, asking them all ... More


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