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Elitism, Populism, and European Politics

Jack Hayward (ed.)

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280354
eISBN:
9780191599422
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280351.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Are European elites losing touch with their peoples? The populist challenge to representative democracy is as old as democracy itself but its impact has differed between European countries. Should ... More


Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Edward C. Page and Vincent Wright (eds)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Presents a comparative study of the senior civil service in Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands, Austria, Greece, Denmark, and Sweden, which provides information about ... More


Islamophobia—In England and Scotland

Asifa Hussain and William Miller

in Multicultural Nationalism: Islamophobia, Anglophobia, and Devolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199280711
eISBN:
9780191604102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280711.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Since 9/11, multiculturalism has been under attack and Islamophobia has increased. Questions were placed in the 2003 British Social Attitudes Survey and its Scottish counterpart to compare the level ... More


Corporate Networks in Europe and the United States

Paul Windolf

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199256976
eISBN:
9780191719639
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256976.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

Corporate networks form part of the institutional structure of markets and the business environment, enabling firms to coordinate their behaviour and regulate competition. Networks perform a number ... More


Introduction

G. E. R. Lloyd

in Disciplines in the Making: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Elites, Learning, and Innovation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199567874
eISBN:
9780191721649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567874.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This introductory chapter outlines the strategy of the book as a whole. This book is an investigation of the different conceptions that have been entertained in eight major areas of human experience: ... More


Conclusion: Senior Officials in Western Europe

Edward C. Page and Vincent Wright

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The conclusion starts by noting that there are clearly highly diverse trends in the development of bureaucracy in Western Europe, and that, although in some countries patterns of change are quite ... More


Conclusion

Elaine Chalus

in Elite Women in English Political Life c.1754-1790

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199280100
eISBN:
9780191707087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280100.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The conclusion makes a case for women's involvement in political life, arguing that it needs to be understood in context. By no means all women, even at the level of the political elite, were ... More


Five Fallacies: Northern Ireland and the Liabilities of Liberalism

John McGarry and Brendan O'Leary

in The Northern Ireland Conflict: Consociational Engagements

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199266579
eISBN:
9780191601446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266573.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter criticizes five popular arguments central to the thinking of liberal integrationists: (i) extremist political and religious elites are responsible for conflicts; (ii) conflicts have ... More


Communal Action in the Development of Regional Industrial Policy: A Case Study of the Kawamata Silk Weaving Industry

Futoshi Yamauchi

in The Role of Tradition in Japan's Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780198292746
eISBN:
9780191603891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292740.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the ‘industrial policy’ executed in the industrial district, Kawamata. The local government and associations made various attempts to support the development of silk weaving ... More


The Transition to Liberal Democracy

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Two related historical facts welcomed liberal democracy or the liberal-democratic state. On one hand, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, social contract theory imposed a major setback to ... More


Contextualizing Cassian: Aristocrats, Asceticism, and Reformation in Fifth-Century Gaul

Richard J. Goodrich

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199213139
eISBN:
9780191695841
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213139.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This book examines the attempt by the 5th-century ascetic writer John Cassian to influence and shape the development of Western monasticism. The book's close analysis of Cassian's earliest work (The ... More


The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The USSR was dominated by its ruling Communist Party, and the party was in turn dominated by a political elite that was represented in its Central Committee. Nearly two thousand individuals were ... More


Revolutionaries in Power, 1917–1923

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party, which constituted the political elite of Soviet Russia, was in Lenin's time, relatively homogeneous and was entirely composed of people who had ... More


The Old Bolsheviks, Socialist Construction, and the Purges, 1923–1937

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

After 1923 the size of the Central Committee increased, but membership was still overwhelmingly made up of pre‐1917 party members or Old Bolsheviks. The system of ‘job‐slot representation’ quickly ... More


Stalin's New Elite, 1939–1956

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The purges were followed by a very high turnover of members of the Central Committee and in effect a new generation of leaders appeared, younger and more from the mass of workers and peasants than ... More


Stalinist Generation, ‘Leninist Norms’, 1956–1966

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Although there was turmoil in this period with the rise and fall of N. S. Khrushchev, there was stability in the role and make up of the Central Committee elite. The events of 1957 and the ... More


The Elite Consolidates, 1966–1985

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The Brezhnev years were ones of stability for the USSR, and still more so for its political elite. The Central Committee expanded in size, and its composition—based on the job‐slot system—became ... More


Elite and Society

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The Central Committee was never a ‘representative’ elite. Like other revolutionary elites, it was disproportionately male and well educated; but it was generally more representative of the mass ... More


An Evolving Elite

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Across the years of its existence, the USSR witnessed three elite revolutions: in 1917, when the Tsarist elite was replaced by a Bolshevik elite of professional revolutionaries; during the Purges, ... More


Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering

Jan Zielonka (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244089
eISBN:
9780191600364
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244081.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the first volume in a two‐volume series focusing on two major influences on democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe—institutional engineering and transnational pressures. Volume 1 analyses ... More


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