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Doing without Concepts

Edouard Machery

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306880
eISBN:
9780199867950
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306880.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Over recent years, the psychology of concepts has been rejuvenated by new work on prototypes, inventive ideas on causal cognition, the development of neo-empiricist theories of concepts, and the ... More


Scepticism Comes Alive

Bryan Frances

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199282135
eISBN:
9780191602917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282137.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The nagging voice of the sceptic has always been present in epistemology. Over the last thirty years or so, philosophers have thought of several promising ways to counter the radical sceptic. For ... More


Purple Haze: The Puzzle of Consciousness

Joseph Levine

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195132359
eISBN:
9780199833375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132351.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Consciousness presents a problem. There are excellent reasons for believing that materialism, or physicalism, is the correct metaphysical view of our world, yet it is extremely difficult to see how ... More


Deconstructing the Mind

Stephen P. Stich

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126662
eISBN:
9780199868322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195126661.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Eliminativism (or eliminative materialism) has been an important and provocative view in the philosophy of mind since the 1970s. Eliminativism claims that the mental states alluded to in our ordinary ... More


Mindreading: An Integrated Account of Pretence, Self-Awareness, and Understanding Other Minds

Shaun Nichols and Stephen P. Stich

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198236108
eISBN:
9780191600920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236107.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This volume defends an integrated account of the psychological mechanisms underlying “mindreading,” the commonplace capacity to understand the mind. The authors maintain that it is, as commonsense ... More


 Genuine Rivals, Revelation, and Concluding Remarks

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter concludes the book by doing three things: reviewing the reasons for rejecting eliminativism and primitivism; criticizing an independent argument for these views that would, if ... More


Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

James Ladyman, Don Ross, and and David Spurrett with John Collier

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This book argues that the only kind of metaphysics that can contribute to objective knowledge is one based specifically on contemporary science as it really is, and not on philosophers' a priori ... More


Reduction and Supervenience: The Contemporary Problematic in Philosophy of Mind

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter outlines the contemporary conversation in philosophy of mind. Reductionists claim the mind can or must be reducible to natural phenomena. Eliminativists claim the mind cannot be so ... More


Causation in a Structural World

James Ladyman, Don Ross, David Spurrett, and John Collier

in Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199276196
eISBN:
9780191706127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276196.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that the idea of causation has similar status to ideas of cohesion, forces, and things. Appreciating the role of causation in a notional world is crucial to understanding the ... More


 Parsimony and Ontological Commitment

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If we don't need ordinary objects in our causal explanations, it is often held, Occam's razor enjoins us to eliminate them. This chapter examines these arguments from parsimony, suggesting first that ... More


Introduction

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The introductory chapter lays out the motivations for defending a common sense ontology and provides an overview of the various eliminativist arguments against ordinary objects that will be discussed ... More


The Sceptical Solution

Bryan Frances

in Scepticism Comes Alive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199282135
eISBN:
9780191602917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282137.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued that most of the counterintuitive elements of traditional sceptical theories do not apply to the live sceptical theories, and that the live sceptic’s argument is identical in form to ... More


Eliminativism and Reductionism

Stephen Mumford

in Dispositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the different positions and proposes a new form of monism. It explores the different claims of the eliminativist and reductionist responses and provides some assessment to ... More


Additional Sceptical Hypotheses

Bryan Frances

in Scepticism Comes Alive

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199282135
eISBN:
9780191602917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282137.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The argument template of chapter 3 is taken together with other live hypotheses to generate other kinds of live scepticism. For instance, one can focus on error theories with regard to colour, or ... More


Understanding Aristotle's Teleology

Allan Gotthelf

in Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle's Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199287956
eISBN:
9780191738296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287956.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter identifies three categories of questions answers to which are required if one is to have a full understanding of Aristotle's teleology: Analysis, Basis, Extent. It then focuses on the ... More


On the Inescapability of Phenomenology

Taylor Carman

in Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199272457
eISBN:
9780191709951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272457.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Dennett's intellectualist theory of consciousness trades on an equivocation between weaker and stronger claims that might be leveled against traditional psychology and epistemology. Only the weaker ... More


Colour Eliminativism

Barry Maund

in Primary and Secondary Qualities: The Historical and Ongoing Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199556151
eISBN:
9780191725548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556151.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that, with certain qualifications, the right theory of colour is a form of eliminativism. The first qualification is that the subject of colour is complex, and an adequate theory ... More


Race and Racial Cognition

Daniel Kelly, Edouard Machery, and Ron Mallon

in The Moral Psychology Handbook

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199582143
eISBN:
9780191594496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199582143.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter argues that current work on racial cognition is relevant to many of philosophers' concerns about race. It first examines several positions within the philosophy of race, pointing out ... More


The Property Dualism Argument

Stephen L. White

in The Waning of Materialism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199556182
eISBN:
9780191721014
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199556182.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Contemporary physicalists, materialists, and naturalists generally hold two theses: that mental states such as pains are identical to physical states of the brain, and that these identities are a ... More


On Determining What There Isn't *

Michael Devitt

in Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199280803
eISBN:
9780191723254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280803.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Stich points out that typical arguments for eliminativism about the mind presuppose a description theory of reference. His gloomy view of theories of reference leads him to a gloomy view of ... More


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