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Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Arne Haaland

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The book opens with three chapters describing the properties of atoms. The first chapter deals with the application of quantum mechanics to hydrogen and other one-electron atoms; the second with the ... More


ELECTRONS IN DENSE HE GAS

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0025
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter explains why the dynamics and evolution of the formation of electron bubbles has been investigated by looking at how the electron mobility changes as a function of the density of helium ... More


Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Structural crystallography provides key information to understand the mechanism involved for biological processes. The technique requires high‐quality crystals. The book Macromolecular ... More


Membrane proteins

Naomi E. Chayen, John R. Helliwell, and Edward H. Snell

in Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199213252
eISBN:
9780191707575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213252.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The structural studies of membrane proteins lag those of their soluble counterparts. This is mainly due to the difficulty in crystallizing membrane proteins that have large hydrophobic regions that ... More


X-Ray Compton Scattering

Malcolm Cooper, Peter Mijnarends, Nobuhiro Shiotani, Nobuhiko Sakai, and Arun Bansil

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198501688
eISBN:
9780191718045
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198501688.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book covers all aspects of the study of ground state electron density in condensed matter through Compton scattering of hard x-rays or gamma rays, i.e., photons with energies between 20 and 500 ... More


Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Armando Francesco Borghesani

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In liquid helium, an electron is surrounded by a cavity called an electron bubble of 20 Ångstroms in diameter. A positive helium ion is solvated by an electrostriction induced solid helium-ice shell ... More


Electrons and Disorder in Solids

V. F. Gantmakher

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567561
eISBN:
9780191718267
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567561.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book contains modern concepts about the physics of electrons in solids. It is written using a minimum of mathematics, with the emphasis on various physical models aimed at stimulating creative ... More


Quantum Theory of Solids

R. E. Peierls

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507819
eISBN:
9780191709913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507819.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book develops the quantum theory of solids from the basic principles of quantum mechanics. The emphasis is on a single statement of the ideas underlying the various approximations that have to ... More


It really is true

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The results of the special theory of relativity are so peculiar that a huge number of experiments have been done to check its validity. The contraction of space, the slowing down of time, and the ... More


Insertion Devices for Free Electron Lasers

James A. Clarke

in The Science and Technology of Undulators and Wigglers

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508557
eISBN:
9780191708770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508557.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Free electron lasers make different demands upon their undulator systems. This chapter looks at these different requirements and discusses how they are implemented in practice. Tapered undulators are ... More


Crystals, X-rays and Proteins: Comprehensive Protein Crystallography

Dennis Sherwood and Jon Cooper

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199559046
eISBN:
9780191595028
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559046.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This book presents a complete account of the theory of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals with particular reference to the processes of determining the structures of protein molecules. The book ... More


High-Resolution Electron Microscopy

John C. H. Spence

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199552757
eISBN:
9780191708664
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199552757.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This book covers both practical and theoretical aspects of atomic resolution transmission electron microscopy. The discovery of the carbon nanotube, the three-dimensional imaging of the ribosome, and ... More


Electron-Phonon Interactions in Low-Dimensional Structures

Lawrence Challis (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507321
eISBN:
9780191709319
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507321.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The study of electrons and holes confined to two, one, and even zero dimensions has uncovered a rich variety of new physics and applications. This book describes the interaction between these ... More


Introduction

L.J. Challis

in Electron-Phonon Interactions in Low-Dimensional Structures

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198507321
eISBN:
9780191709319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507321.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

While the physics of low-dimensional structures mainly involves their electronic properties, an understanding of the interaction between the electrons and holes and the phonons present within and ... More


An introduction to maximum entropy

Peter Main

in Crystal Structure Analysis: Principles and Practice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199219469
eISBN:
9780191722516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219469.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

Maximum entropy methods are used in crystallography for estimating reflection phases among other applications. This chapter explains the basic concepts behind maximum entropy, including entropy ... More


Metals and quantum wires

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses conductivity in metals and semiconductor heterostructures. It aims to exhibit the similarities to nuclear transport problems. Semi-classical transport equations are used and ... More


OTHER RELEVANT EXPERIMENTS WITH NEGATIVE IONS

A.F. Borghesani

in Ions and electrons in liquid helium

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199213603
eISBN:
9780191707421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213603.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Negative ions in liquid helium are electron bubbles. The electron inside the empty cavity is a physical realization of the particle-in-the-box problem described in textbooks on basic quantum ... More


Atoms with more than two electrons: atomic properties and periodic trends

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The ground-state energy of a poly-electron atom in Group 1, 2, 12, or 18 is completely determined by its electron configuration. Due to the spin of the unpaired electron in a Group 1 atom, the ground ... More


Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Xiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmöller, and Peter Oleynikov

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199580200
eISBN:
9780191731211
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580200.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

This is the first textbook describing crystal structure determination (especially inorganic) from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and electron diffraction (ED). The ... More


ELECTRON-ELECTRON INTERACTION

J. M. Ziman

in Electrons and Phonons: The Theory of Transport Phenomena in Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507796
eISBN:
9780191709937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507796.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with a discussion of electron screening and plasma oscillations. It then discusses collective coordinates, the short-range interaction, screening in real solids, electron-electron ... More


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