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Introduction

Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

in Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195129243
eISBN:
9780199847792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

It is well known that the sensory cortex responds to peripheral input, and that sensory stimuli evoke a cortical response. In fact, in cases of myoclonic epilepsy, the response to a peripheral ... More


Electroencephalography (EEG) in Neuroergonomics

Alan Gevins and Michael E. Smith

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter considers the utility of the ongoing, scalp-recorded, human electroencephalogram (EEG) as a tool in neuroergonomics research and practice. It first describes how the spectral composition ... More


The Psychophysiology of Human Antisocial Behavior

Angela Scarpa and Adrian Raine

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0018
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter reviews the major psychophysiological findings and theories regarding antisocial behavior, with a specific focus on skin conductance (SC), heart rate (HR), electroencephalogram (EEG), ... More


Edgar D. Adrian: Coding in the Nervous System

Stanley Finger

in Minds Behind the Brain: A history of the pioneers and their discoveries

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195181821
eISBN:
9780199865277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181821.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Edgar Douglas Adrian once remarked: “The history of electrophysiology has been decided by the history of electrical recording instruments”. Little was known about how the nerves coded their messages ... More


Objective assessment of tinnitus

Jos J. Eggermont

in The Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199605606
eISBN:
9780191741555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199605606.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

In patients with tinnitus, structural and functional brain imaging combined with electro- and magnetoencephalograms have suggested correlations between aspects of tinnitus and brain functioning. ... More


Effects of epileptiform EEG discharges on cognitive function

Albert P. Aldenkamp

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews the evidence on the cognitive impact of interictal epileptiform electroencephalogram (EEG) discharges. Such cognitive impairment has a direct or more remote relation to episodes ... More


Thalamocortical Interactions

John R. Huguenard, David A. McCormick, and Douglas Coulter

in The Cortical Neuron

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195083309
eISBN:
9780199847464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195083309.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

All sensory information, except for olfaction, passes through the synaptic network of the thalamus just before reaching the cerebral cortex, suggesting that the thalamus may exert a powerful ... More


Spontaneous and evoked cortical potentials and related neuronal events

O.D. Creutzfeldt

in Cortex Cerebri: Performance, Structural and Functional Organisation of the Cortex

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523246
eISBN:
9780191724510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523246.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Changes in the activity of cortical neurones lead to potential fluctuations which can be detected in attenuated form at the surface of the cortex. These spontaneously occurring potential fluctuations ... More


The Enhanced Brain

Jean-Didier Vincent and Laurence Garey

in The Custom-Made Brain: Cerebral Plasticity, Regeneration, and Enhancement

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164504
eISBN:
9780231534215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164504.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This concluding chapter focuses on the brain-machine interface (BMI). The BMI is a device that establishes a dialogue between human thought and machine function. The technology records one's mental ... More


Brain Signal Analysis: Advances in Neuroelectric and Neuromagnetic Methods

Todd C. Handy (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013086
eISBN:
9780262258876
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013086.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

Cognitive electrophysiology concerns the study of the brain’s electrical and magnetic responses to both external and internal events. These can be measured using electroencephalograms (EEGs) or ... More


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