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Regulating Markets for Retirement Payouts: Solvency, Supervision, and Credibility

Phyllis C. Borzi and Martha Priddy Patterson

in Recalibrating Retirement Spending and Saving

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199549108
eISBN:
9780191720734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549108.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Soon the largest cohort of workers in history will be eligible to retire: and most will have only their personal saving and a lump-sum benefit from a 401(k) plan to supplement Social Security ... More


 Medically Assisted Reproduction

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables relevant to the following topics are presented: criteria for patient selection, egg “donation” and “surrogacy”, multiple gestations, and disposition of in vitro embryos ... More


Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Tony D. Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This book is an up-to-date and comprehensive account of research on avian reproduction. It develops two unique themes: the consideration of female avian reproductive physiology and ecology, and an ... More


Egg Size and Egg Quality

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter deals with variations in egg size and egg quality. Egg size is a highly variable life-history trait, with up to twofold differences in egg mass among individual females within a ... More


Function and Development of Gametophytes

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The role of flowers is to ensure the transfer of a small but precious package, the pollen grain, from one plant to another. That pollen grain contains the sperm, which fertilizes an egg cell retained ... More


Egg Donation and Emergence

Marcia C. Inhorn

in The New Arab Man: Emergent Masculinities, Technologies, and Islam in the Middle East

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148885
eISBN:
9781400842629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148885.003.0009
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter presents Eyad's story about double forms of emergence—both technological and masculine. On the one hand, new forms of reproductive technology are continuously emerging, and once they ... More


Life History Variation and Phenology

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter looks at examples illustrating patterns in phenological responses to observed and experimental climate change. The most commonly observed phenological response to recent climate change ... More


The Hormonal and Physiological Control of Egg Production

Tony D. Williams

in Physiological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139821
eISBN:
9781400842797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139821.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter focuses on the regulation of female reproduction and on the physiological regulation of ovary and oviduct function during egg production. Since female reproduction is highly seasonal and ... More


Physiological Bases of Fecundity/Longevity Tradeoffs

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

As sexually reproducing animals, birds must balance the competing nutritional needs of growth and self-maintenance with those of reproduction. This creates a fecundity-longevity tradeoff. Extrinsic ... More


Adaptations: Developmental Physiology

J. Eduardo P. W. Bicudo, William A. Buttemer, Mark A. Chappell, James T. Pearson, and Claus Bech

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Birds

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199228447
eISBN:
9780191711305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228447.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter focuses on how breeding birds must allocate their energy optimally between offspring and self-maintenance so that lifetime reproductive success is maximized. This requires an investment ... More


The Egg

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the diverging views of embryologists and geneticists about heredity and evolution. The two main reasons for this stemmed from research started in the 19th century. First, ... More


The New Kinship: Constructing Donor-Conceived Families

Naomi R. Cahn

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814772034
eISBN:
9780814772041
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814772034.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Family Law

No federal law in the United States requires that egg or sperm donors or recipients exchange any information with the offspring that result from the donation. Donors typically enter into contracts ... More


Fertility Holidays: IVF Tourism and the Reproduction of Whiteness

Amy Speier

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781479827664
eISBN:
9781479858996
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479827664.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

Millions of North Americans are priced out of North America’s expensive reproductive medicine industry. Ultimately, women learn about the possibility of doing IVF abroad, and this book reveals the ... More


‘I sing what was lost and dread what was won’: Yeats and the Legacy of Censorship, 1935–1939

Lauren Arrington

in W.B. Yeats, the Abbey Theatre, Censorship, and the Irish State: Adding the Half-pence to the Pence

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590575
eISBN:
9780191595523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590575.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Drama, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

The relationship between censorship and financial circumstance culminates in this chapter. It argues that as Yeats aged and sought to secure his legacy he was complicit in censorship in the belief ... More


Embryo Politics: Ethics and Policy in Atlantic Democracies

Thomas Banchoff

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449574
eISBN:
9780801460593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449574.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Since the first fertilization of a human egg in the laboratory in 1968, scientific and technological breakthroughs have raised ethical dilemmas and generated policy controversies on both sides of the ... More


Essential Properties

Storrs McCall

in A Model of the Universe: Space-Time, Probability, and Decision

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198236221
eISBN:
9780191679209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236221.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Of the three kinds of essential property those individuals may be thought to possess — essential physical characteristics, substance-type, and origin — it is the third, origin, that has been the most ... More


The Donation of Eggs for Research and the Rise of Neopaternalism

Emily Jackson

in Law and Bioethics: Current Legal Issues Volume 11

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545520
eISBN:
9780191721113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545520.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter reflects upon the issue of egg donation for research purposes, which has reignited some old debates about reproductive technologies' potential to exploit women, and breathed new life ... More


Stonefly Eggs in the Sandy Shore and the Ecological Importance of an Ovoid Egg in a Mountain Stream

Yu Isobe, Mayumi Yoshimura, and Tadashi Oishi

in International Advances in the Ecology, Zoogeography, and Systematics of Mayflies and Stoneflies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098688
eISBN:
9780520943803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098688.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter studies the eggs of stoneflies in sandy shores and evaluates the ecological importance of an ovoid egg located in a mountain stream. It explains that most of the eggs of Perloidea have ... More


Bashful Eggs, Macho Sperm, and Tonypandy Bashful Eggs, Macho Sperm, and Tonypandy Paul R. Gross

Paul A. Gross

in A House Built on Sand: Exposing Postmodernist Myths About Science

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195117257
eISBN:
9780199785995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195117255.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

For the last decade, feminist academics including feminist epistemologists and a number of sociologists and historians of science, have derogated the “masculinism” of natural science. A favored ... More


An Egg at Easter

Ronald Hutton

in The Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205708
eISBN:
9780191676758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205708.003.0019
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The bird's egg has always been one of the most ubiquitous human symbols of new life in general and of spring in particular. The classic study of this image was made in 1971 by Venetia Newall, in a ... More


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