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Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Andrew Mason

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

‘Equality of opportunity for all’ is a fine piece of political rhetoric but the ideal that lies behind it is slippery. Some see it as an alternative to a more robust form of egalitarianism, whilst ... More


Natural Justice

Ken Binmore

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This book attempts to create an evolutionary theory of fairness. Sharing food is commonplace in the animal kingdom because it insures animals that share against hunger. Anthropologists report that ... More


School Choice and Social Justice

Harry Brighouse

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257874
eISBN:
9780191598845
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257876.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Defends a theory of social justice for education from within an egalitarian version of liberalism. The theory involves a strong commitment to educational equality, and to the idea that children's ... More


Equality and Responsibility

Christopher Lake

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241743
eISBN:
9780191599743
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241740.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

These days, arguments about distributive justice—i.e. arguments about who should get what—often centre around two ideas. One is that goods should be distributed equally. The other is that how people ... More


Created Equal: How the Bible Broke with Ancient Political Thought

Joshua A. Berman

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195374704
eISBN:
9780199871438
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374704.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Biblical Studies

This book reveals the Hebrew Bible to be a sophisticated work of political philosophy, and the birthplace of egalitarian thought. Focusing on the Pentateuch, this book lays bare the manner in which ... More


Choice and Incentive Inequality

Susan Hurley

in The Egalitarian Conscience: Essays in Honour of G. A. Cohen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199281688
eISBN:
9780191603747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281688.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This essay considers the implications of self-interest for equality in the context of the ‘luck egalitarian’ view that an individual’s wealth is justly owned only if it is the result of a responsible ... More


Justice, Institutions, and Luck: The Site, Ground, and Scope of Equality

Kok-Chor Tan

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199588855
eISBN:
9780191738586
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588855.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is a critical survey of the following three questions of egalitarian distributive justice. where does distributive equality matter? Why does it matter? And among whom does it matter? These ... More


Persons, Interests, and Justice

Nils Holtug

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199580170
eISBN:
9780191722707
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580170.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This is a book on welfare and its importance for distributive justice. Part I is concerned with prudence; more precisely, with what the necessary and sufficient conditions are for having a ... More


Equality, Priority, and Sufficiency

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter argues that particular versions of the mitigation approach may also incorporate ‘quasi-egalitarian principles’ — principles which hold that certain kinds or degrees of inequality are ... More


A Responsible Egalitarianism

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores this form of egalitarianism further by asking when justice requires us to hold people responsible for their behaviour by requiring them to bear its costs. Some maintain that ... More


Individualism and Personal Responsibility

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Critics of responsibility-sensitive egalitarianism have often claimed that it is individualistic in an objectionable way. ‘Individualism’ is a slippery term that is employed in many different senses. ... More


Conclusion

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This concluding chapter presents a synthesis of the topics discussed in this volume. Against the idea that justice requires us to neutralize the effects of differences in people's circumstances, it ... More


Welfare Philosophy and the Third Way

Stuart White

in Welfare State Change: Towards a Third Way?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199266722
eISBN:
9780191601941
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266727.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Critics of the Third Way in welfare argue that it represents a break with the philosophy of the welfare state characteristic of mainstream social democracy. They argue that the Third Way is not ... More


Conclusion The Ruins of Reason?

R. Kevin Hill

in Nietzsche's Critiques

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199285525
eISBN:
9780191700354
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285525.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter examines Nietzsche's current importance and his indebtedness to Kant. It explains that Nietzsche' use of Kant to such good effect in making his critique of egalitarianism suggests that ... More


The Scope of Government

Ole Borre and Elinor Scarbrough (eds)

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294740
eISBN:
9780191598838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294743.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is the third in the ‘Beliefs in government’ series, and examines the effects of the post‐war arrival of the welfare state in the countries of Western Europe. The welfare state inaugurated a ... More


Libertarianism without Inequality

Michael Otsuka

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243952
eISBN:
9780191598142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243956.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The aim of this book is to vindicate left‐libertarianism, a political philosophy which combines stringent rights of control over one's own mind, body, and life with egalitarian rights of ownership of ... More


Sustainable Development and Our Obligations to Future Generations

Wilfred Beckerman

in Fairness and Futurity: Essays on Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294894
eISBN:
9780191599064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294891.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Wilfred Beckerman argues that the answer to the sustainability question, ‘what to sustain?’, should not be restricted to some category of the environment, but should refer to the political and social ... More


Intergenerational Equity

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Discusses one principle that has been suggested as a guide to the way we ought to take account of the interests of future generations, namely the principle of intergenerational ‘equity’ and its ... More


Sustainable Development

Wilfred Beckerman and Joanna Pasek

in Justice, Posterity, and the Environment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245086
eISBN:
9780191598784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245088.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Another widely suggested principle governing our obligations to future generations is ‘sustainable development’. The first part of this chapter argues that the mainstream interpretations of the ... More


Equality

Roger Crisp

in Reasons and the Good

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199290338
eISBN:
9780191710476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290338.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that there is a distributive, as opposed to aggregative, element in the perspective of impartiality, just as there is in the case of self-interested partiality. The impartial ... More


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