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Conclusion: Exit, Voice, and Loyalty as Analytical Framework

Jochen Prantl

in The UN Security Council and Informal Groups of States

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199287680
eISBN:
9780191603723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199287686.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter develops various propositions on the dynamics between informal groups of states and the UN Security Council by applying the analytical framework of exit, voice, and loyalty. It argues ... More


Introduction: Setting the Stage

Robert Pitofsky

in How the Chicago School Overshot the Mark: The Effect of Conservative Economic Analysis on U.S. Antitrust

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195372823
eISBN:
9780199871773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372823.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter presents four papers from some of the most eminent people in the antitrust field. It analyzes “barriers to entry” from a practical rather than theoretical point of view, and concludes ... More


A Game-Theoretic Perspective on Coalition Formation

Debraj Ray

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207954
eISBN:
9780191709104
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207954.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The formation of coalitions to achieve both collaborative and competitive goals is a phenomenon we see all around us. The list of examples of this phenomenon is long and varied: production cartels, ... More


Introduction

Debraj Ray

in A Game-Theoretic Perspective on Coalition Formation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199207954
eISBN:
9780191709104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207954.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This introductory chapter describes the problem studied in the remainder of the book: what happens when a group of agents get together to write one or more agreements. If a subgroup forms a ... More


Transfers and Safety Nets in Poor Countries: Revisiting the Trade-Offs and Policy Options

Martin Ravallion

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay examines the role of targeted transfers in poor countries in the light of the new theories on the social costs of unmitigated inequalities and uninsured risks. Recognizing that the policy ... More


 An Assessment of Legal Liability as a Market‐Based Instrument

Kathleen Segerson

in Moving to Markets in Environmental Regulation: Lessons from Twenty Years of Experience

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195189650
eISBN:
9780199783694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189650.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay focuses on the deterrence effect of liability, recognizing that the motivation for imposition of liability (particularly retroactive imposition) may instead be victim compensation or ... More


Collective Rationality: Equilibrium in Cooperative Games

Paul Weirich

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388381
eISBN:
9780199866700
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388381.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A theory of collective rationality identifies collective acts that are evaluable for rationality and formulates principles for their evaluation. This book argues that a group's act is evaluable for ... More


Increasing Returns and Efficiency

Martine Quinzii

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195065534
eISBN:
9780199855063
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195065534.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Increasing returns to scale is an area in economics that is becoming more important in the literature. The economic phenomenon of increasing returns presents serious conceptual difficulties for the ... More


Real National Income as a Measure of General Well‐Being

Partha Dasgupta

in An Inquiry into Well-Being and Destitution

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288350
eISBN:
9780191596094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288352.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The main part of this chapter discusses decentralization and central guidance in relation to resource allocation. There are seven sections: (1) competitive mechanisms in the private realm; (2) the ... More


Boilerplate: The Fine Print, Vanishing Rights, and the Rule of Law

Margaret Jane Radin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691155333
eISBN:
9781400844838
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691155333.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Boilerplate—the fine-print terms and conditions that we become subject to when we click “I agree” online, rent an apartment, or enter an employment contract, for example—pervades all aspects of our ... More


Conclusion

Martine Quinzii

in Increasing Returns and Efficiency

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195065534
eISBN:
9780199855063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195065534.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The general equilibrium analysis presented in this book shows that there are even more problems in using marginal cost pricing with increasing returns technologies than has been discussed at the time ... More


Capitalism Justified?

Philippe Van Parijs

in Real Freedom for All: What (if Anything) Can Justify Capitalism?

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293576
eISBN:
9780191600074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293577.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Is there any reason to expect some form of socialism to do better than any form of capitalism in terms of securing a high sustainable level of basic income? None of the familiar arguments against ... More


 Bounding Equilibrium Perfect Public Equilibrium Payoffs

George J. Mailath and Larry Samuelson

in Repeated Games and Reputations: Long-Run Relationships

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195300796
eISBN:
9780199783700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300796.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter uses the tools developed in Chapter 7 to bound the set of equilibrium payoffs for a repeated game, based on decomposing payoffs on half spaces. These bounds imply a lack of efficiency ... More


Multi-level Governance

Ian Bache and Matthew Flinders (eds)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199259250
eISBN:
9780191600968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259259.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Seeks to develop understanding of the notion of multi‐level governance through a critical exploration of its definitions and applications by scholars with very different concerns within the broad ... More


The Basic Model

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Discusses the basic model of public management reform, using a simple matrix. The state’s roles are defined in terms of the relevant forms of ownership in contemporary capitalism. They are state ... More


The Democratic Constraint

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Because public management reform involves more autonomy and more accountability, it maybe successful only in democracies. On the other hand, there is not a trade-off between efficiency and democracy. ... More


What Won’t Work: Tradeof-Blind Biotechnology

R. Ford Denison

in Darwinian Agriculture: How Understanding Evolution Can Improve Agriculture

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139500
eISBN:
9781400842810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139500.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the challenge of improving crop resource-use efficiency using biotechnology or traditional plant breeding. It argues that some of biotechnology's stated goals, such as more ... More


Welfare Under Altered Circumstances

Peter Taylor‐Gooby

in Reframing Social Citizenship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546701
eISBN:
9780191720420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546701.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Welfare states have enjoyed considerable success in containing the pressures of economic, political, and social change identified in Chapter 1. However, an important theme in their responses, the ... More


Representing the Median Voter

Michael D. McDonald and Ian Budge

in Elections, Parties, Democracy: Conferring the Median Mandate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286720
eISBN:
9780191603327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286728.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter performs a static analysis of correspondences between median voter, Parliamentary median, and government preferences by individual government and election. Distortions are widespread but ... More


Community and Economics <sup>1</sup>

Michael Storper

in Community, Economic Creativity, and Organization

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199545490
eISBN:
9780191720093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545490.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Knowledge Management

Community has a problematic relationship to economics. In general, contemporary political economics holds that groups have strongly negative effects on economic efficiency and growth, because groups ... More


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