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Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This book draws from a foundation of positive psychology and recently emerging positive organizational behavior (POB). Its purpose is to introduce the untapped human resource capacity of ... More


PsyCap Efficacy: Confidence to Succeed

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

in Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter starts with five key discoveries of PsyCap efficacy (or confidence) and then, drawing from Albert Bandura's extensive theory and research, defines it and identifies the characteristics ... More


Taking Charge: A School-Based Life Skills Program for Adolescent Mothers

Mary Beth Harris and Cynthia Franklin

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195172942
eISBN:
9780199893249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172942.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Children and Families

Taking Charge is the first empirically tested program of its kind, designed specifically to improve academic achievement and self-sufficiency for adolescent and teenage mothers, who face ... More


Finding and Evaluating Evidence: Systematic Reviews and Evidence-Based Practice

Denise E. Bronson and Tamara S. Davis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195337365
eISBN:
9780199918201
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337365.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Evidence-based practice (EBP) promises to have a profound impact on social work practice, education, and scholarship, but adopting EBP depends on the availability of evidence to support this ... More


 Evolution and Divine Suffering

Gloria L. Schaab

in Creative Suffering of the Triune God: An Evolutionary Theology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195329124
eISBN:
9780199785711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329124.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Key concepts in the evolutionary theology provide primary grounding for an affirmation of divine suffering. Chapter 5 explores six elements that factor significantly into a proposal of divine ... More


 Feminist, Ecological, and Pastoral Explorations

Gloria L. Schaab

in Creative Suffering of the Triune God: An Evolutionary Theology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195329124
eISBN:
9780199785711
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329124.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Chapter 6 contributes to the renaissance of a practical theology of Trinity by delineating some positive implications of its evolutionary theology of the suffering God for feminist, ecological, and ... More


The Decision (Not) to Vote

Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart, and Paul Whiteley

in Political Choice in Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199244881
eISBN:
9780191601521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924488X.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

First tests rival models of voting turnout using data drawn from the 2001 BES pre- and post-election surveys. Analyses reveal that the general incentives model performs best. Crucial individual-level ... More


The 2001 Election and Democracy in Britain

Harold D. Clarke, David Sanders, Marianne C. Stewart, and Paul Whiteley

in Political Choice in Britain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199244881
eISBN:
9780191601521
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924488X.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Uses survey data gathered over the past four decades to investigate voters’ orientations towards themselves as political actors, as well as their orientations towards elections, parties, political ... More


The Efficacy of the Peace and Conflict‐Resolution Organizations: A Comparative Perspective

Benjamin Gidron, Stanley N. Katz, and Yeheskel Hasenfeld

in Mobilizing for Peace: Conflict Resolution in Northern Ireland, South Africa, and Israel/Palestine

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125924
eISBN:
9780199833894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125924.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Assessing the efficacy of peace and conflict‐resolution organizations (P/CROs) in South Africa, Northern Ireland, and Israel/Palestine was difficult because the regions shared no common definition of ... More


Political Efficacy and Trust

Oscar W. Gabriel

in The Impact of Values

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294757
eISBN:
9780191599040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294751.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

In public opinion research, only meagre attention has been given to the impact of value orientations on public confidence and trust in the efficacy of the political system. Whereas the implications ... More


The Winner–Loser Gap: Contours and Boundaries

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Investigates the gap in winners’ and losers’ attitudes with regard to different kinds of attitudes about the political system across established and newly emerging democracies. The results show that ... More


Introduction to Psychological Capital

Fred Luthans, Carolyn M. Youssef, and Bruce J. Avolio

in Psychological Capital: Developing the Human Competitive Edge

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195187526
eISBN:
9780199789863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187526.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This introductory chapter provides the meaning and overview of psychological capital or PsyCap. After first providing the current perspective and need for PsyCap, attention is given to the ... More


 The Efficacy of the Church's Baptism: Against Donatists and Pelagians

Phillip Cary

in Outward Signs: The Powerlessness of External Things in Augustine's Thought

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195336498
eISBN:
9780199868629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195336498.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Theology

In his polemics against Donatism, Augustine makes a sharp distinction between the validity of the sacrament of baptism and the salvific efficacy of what it signifies. Efficacy is found not in the ... More


Ethics as Philosophy: A Defense of Ethical Nonnaturalism

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter provides a partial defence of non-naturalism. It first provides an epistemological criterion for understanding the metaphysical thesis of non-naturalism and then proceeds to mount a ... More


What Are the Components of Choice?

Peter Politser

in Neuroeconomics: A guide to the new science of making choices

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195305821
eISBN:
9780199867783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305821.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a neuroeconomic model that uses two basic concepts: the efficacy of a decision-maker's performance and effectiveness of a decision-maker's performance. Neuroeconomic efficacy ... More


Electoral Supply and Voter Turnout

Miki Caul Kittilson and Christopher J. Anderson

in Citizens, Context, and Choice: How Context Shapes Citizens' Electoral Choices

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599233
eISBN:
9780191595790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599233.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Electoral institutions shape the potential costs and benefits of participation. This chapter argues that their effect on voter turnout is indirect by shaping the variety and stability of choices ... More


Provoking Preferences

John S. Ahlquist and Margaret Levi

in In the Interest of Others: Organizations and Social Activism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158563
eISBN:
9781400848652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158563.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter argues that, while some people have specific and deeply held political commitments, most appear to hold only vague or ill-formed beliefs. People revise and act on them only when ... More


Gender Inequality in School Boards

Christopher F. Karpowitz and Tali Mendelberg

in The Silent Sex: Gender, Deliberation, and Institutions

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159751
eISBN:
9781400852697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159751.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter examines the experiences of men and women in Londonderry, Wakefield, and many other towns and cities across the country. While the school boards data set is culled from official meeting ... More


Interests and Vocations

Paul J. Silvia

in Exploring the Psychology of Interest

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195158557
eISBN:
9780199786824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158557.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The study of vocational interests is one of the oldest and largest areas within the psychology of interest. This chapter reviews what vocational psychology has learned about interests related to the ... More


Cellular Plasticity Mechanisms

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews recent progress towards an understanding of synaptic plasticity resulting in increased synaptic efficacy as the main candidate for a cellular mechanism of memory. The most ... More


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