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Declining educational standards

N. J. Mackintosh

in Cyril Burt: Fraud or Framed?

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198523369
eISBN:
9780191688898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523369.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Burt frequently pointed out that the average IQ of middle-class children might be, indeed was, higher than that of working-class children, but the fact that there were so many more of the latter than ... More


The Professionalization of Programming

Nathan Ensmenger

in The Computer Boys Take Over: Computers, Programmers, and the Politics of Technical Expertise

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262050937
eISBN:
9780262289351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262050937.003.0007
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter examines the history of the professionalization of computer programming. It describes the need of programmers to establish the institutional structures associated with professionalism, ... More


Comparing Special Education: Origins to Contemporary Paradoxes

John G. Richardson and Justin J.W. Powell

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804760737
eISBN:
9780804779135
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804760737.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

In today's schools the number of students who receive additional resources to access the curriculum is growing rapidly, and the ongoing expansion of special education is among the most significant ... More


Economies of Scales: Evolutionary Naturalists and the Victorian Examination System

James Elwick

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Some chose to learn scientific naturalism. Others were compelled to learn it. Anyone studying for a Department of Science and Art examination pored over every word of its published syllabi, past exam ... More


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