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Education and Inequality in a Global Context

Paul Attewell

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the rising demand for more education—especially at the tertiary level—and the internationalization of higher education. It then reviews several theories that ... More


Educational Inequality in Latin America: Patterns, Policies, and Issues

Cristián Cox

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter provides an overview and analysis of changes in the educational systems of Latin American countries. The first section sketches the general picture of educational inequality in the ... More


Sociopolitical Changes and Inequality in Educational Opportunities in China: Two Different Trends, 1940–2001

Li Chunling

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the relationship between social class and university entrance in the People's Republic of China during a period of major economic change towards the end of the last century. The ... More


Sociology of Educational Inequality in India: A Critique and a New Research Agenda

Geetha B. Nambissan and S. Srinivasa Rao

in Sociology of Education in India: Changing Contours and Emerging Concerns

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780198082866
eISBN:
9780199082254
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082866.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Education

This chapter explores the sociological aspects of educational inequality in India. There is little coherent understanding of changing patterns of educational inequality, and few clear-cut pointers to ... More


Social Class and Educational Inequality in South Korea

Kwang‐Yeong Shin and Byoung‐Hoon Lee

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter applies log-linear models to investigate the effects of fathers' social class on children's educational attainment in South Korea. It shows that with respect to educational attainment, ... More


Middle-class Losers?: The Role of Emotion in Educational Careers in Hong Kong

Yi‐Lee Wong

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on some so-called middle-class losers: seventeen students of a middle-class origin selected from a qualitative study of community-college students in contemporary Hong Kong. They ... More


Overeducation and Social Generations in France: Welfare Regimes and Inter-cohort Inequalities in Returns to Education

Louis Chauvel

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter presents a comparative theory and an empirical analysis of inequalities in economic opportunities and returns to education across birth cohorts. It focuses on the consequences of ... More


Gender and Ethnic Inequalities across the Educational Career

Fenella Fleischmann

in Unequal Attainments: Ethnic educational inequalities in ten Western countries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265741
eISBN:
9780191771934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265741.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter examines whether the second generation has assimilated to Western patterns of female advantage in education. In contrast to most industrialised societies, which have witnessed a change ... More


Stubborn Roots: Weeding Out Educational Inequality

Prudence L. Carter

in Stubborn Roots: Race, Culture, and Inequality in U.S. and South African Schools

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199899630
eISBN:
9780199951147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199899630.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Education, Race and Ethnicity

Chapter Seven summarizes the findings and arguments, ranging from cross-national to inter-organizational to between-group analyses. The chapter returns to the question: what are the features of ... More


Education and Racial Inequality in Post-Apartheid South Africa

Malcolm Keswell

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines changes in the causal structure of racial inequality in South Africa. It derives an analytical framework with testable hypotheses concerning equal opportunity. Using this ... More


Education systems and meritocracy: social origin, educational and status attainment

Andreas Hadjar and Rolf Becker

in Education Systems and Inequalities: International Comparisons

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447326106
eISBN:
9781447326212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326106.003.0012
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

According to the meritocratic principle, the ideological legitimation of social inequalities, educational and status attainment should only depend on achievement and ability rather than on ascriptive ... More


Unpacking the Dynamics of Differential Access to Education

Mohd. Sanjeer Alam

in Religion, Community, and Education: The Case of Rural Bihar

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198076940
eISBN:
9780199080946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076940.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

Inter-group inequality in education is a function of a complex web of factors. As the constraints to schooling are often interrelated and mutually reinforcing, they are therefore not always easily ... More


Education Systems and Inequalities: International Comparisons

Andreas Hadjar and Christiane Gross (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447326106
eISBN:
9781447326212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326106.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Recent research has shown profound impacts of institutional settings of education systems on educational inequalities, i.e. systematic disadvantages and advantages in education being structured by ... More


Theorising the impact of education systems on inequalities

Christiane Gross, Heinz-Dieter Meyer, and Andreas Hadjar

in Education Systems and Inequalities: International Comparisons

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447326106
eISBN:
9781447326212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326106.003.0002
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

The main objective of this chapter is to theorise how education systems shape inequalities. In the first part of the chapter, we outline an institutionalist theoretical approach and offer an ... More


Entrance into Prestigious Universities and the Performance of Groups That Have Been Discriminated Against on the Vestibular: Black Students in the University of São Paulo, 2001–2007

Antonio S. A. Guimarães

in Growing Gaps: Educational Inequality around the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199732180
eISBN:
9780199866182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199732180.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter provides a case study of educational fairness or equity in Brazil, focusing on the intake of black and public school students by the elite University of São Paolo (USP). Brazil has long ... More


Inequality in Transitions to Secondary School and Tertiary Education in Germany

Martin Neugebauer, David Reimer, Steffen Schindler, and Volker Stocké

in Determined to Succeed?: Performance versus Choice in Educational Attainment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804783026
eISBN:
9780804784481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804783026.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter considers class inequalities in Germany for cohorts born in the 1980s and 1990s. It focuses on the transitions from primary school to the classical academic track, Gymnasium and from ... More


Education systems and inequalities

Andreas Hadjar and Christiane Gross

in Education Systems and Inequalities: International Comparisons

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447326106
eISBN:
9781447326212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326106.003.0001
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

The introduction discusses the background of political and public awareness of education systems and the various reasons for which countries might criticize their own systems and the ways in which ... More


Sorting and (much) more: prior ability, school effects and the impact of ability tracking on educational inequalities in achievement

Hartmut Esser

in Education Systems and Inequalities: International Comparisons

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447326106
eISBN:
9781447326212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326106.003.0006
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This contribution evaluates some paradoxical results regarding international comparisons of educational systems and educational inequalities. This evaluation follows a general model to explain the ... More


Education systems and inequality based on social origins: the impact of school expansion and design

Gabriele Ballarino, Fabrizio Bernardi, and Nazareno Panichella

in Education Systems and Inequalities: International Comparisons

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447326106
eISBN:
9781447326212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326106.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This work studies how the inequality of educational opportunities (IEO) is shaped by two institutional features of the educational system: its expansion, that is the extent to which individuals ... More


Ethnic Penalties and Premia at the End of Lower Secondary Education

Anthony Heath and Catherine Rothon

in Unequal Attainments: Ethnic educational inequalities in ten Western countries

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780197265741
eISBN:
9780191771934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265741.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter investigates the grades and test scores of second-generation minorities at the end of compulsory schooling (around age fifteen). We document the differences in overall achievement both ... More


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