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Separate Strands: Early Education and Child Care for Poor Children in the 1980s

Elizabeth Rose

in The Promise of Preschool: From Head Start to Universal Pre-Kindergarten

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195395075
eISBN:
9780199775767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395075.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The education reform movement of the 1980s drew preschool closer to the world of public education, leading to the spread of public pre‐kindergarten programs. Research on the long‐term benefits of ... More


High-Stakes Schooling: What We Can Learn from Japan's Experiences with Testing, Accountability, and Education Reform

Christopher Bjork

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226309385
eISBN:
9780226309552
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309552.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Transforming Japanese Schools is the first qualitative study of educational reform in Japan produced in almost a decade. Focusing on a collection of reforms collectively known as relaxed education ... More


Federal School Reform Builds Momentum, 1989–1992

Jesse H. Rhodes

in An Education in Politics: The Origins and Evolution of No Child Left Behind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449710
eISBN:
9780801464195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449710.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter focuses on the period between 1989–1992, which was marked by important shifts in the politics of education reform in the United States. It first examines the response of the states to ... More


Seeing Complexity in Public Education: Problems, Possibilities, and Success for All

Donald Peurach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199736539
eISBN:
9780199914593
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736539.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

What is the shoulder-to-the grindstone work of transforming underperforming schools into higher performing schools? What makes this work so difficult? This book sheds light on these questions from ... More


A New Federal Role Is Born, 1993–1994

Jesse H. Rhodes

in An Education in Politics: The Origins and Evolution of No Child Left Behind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449710
eISBN:
9780801464195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449710.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter focuses on the period of 1993–1994, which witnessed enactment of the Goals 2000: Educate America Act and the Improving America's Schools Act. It begins by examining states' responses to ... More


The Road to No Child Left Behind, 1995–2002

Jesse H. Rhodes

in An Education in Politics: The Origins and Evolution of No Child Left Behind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449710
eISBN:
9780801464195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449710.003.0005
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter focuses on the period between 1995 and 2002, which was bookended by the “Republican Revolution” against big government and by the passage of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act in 2002. ... More


The Mother Tongue

Katherine Bergeron

in Voice Lessons: French Mélodie in the Belle Epoque

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195337051
eISBN:
9780199864201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337051.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter explores what it meant to speak French in late 19th-century France, and considers the ways in which the mother tongue itself was transformed by political and scientific developments in ... More


Follow the Money: How Foundation Dollars Change Public School Politics

Sarah Reckhow

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199937738
eISBN:
9780199980734
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937738.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Some of the nation's wealthiest philanthropies, including the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the Walton Family Foundation, and the Broad Foundation have invested hundreds of millions of dollars ... More


A Shadow Bureaucracy: Foundation Dollars and New York City School Reform

Sarah Reckhow

in Follow the Money: How Foundation Dollars Change Public School Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199937738
eISBN:
9780199980734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937738.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Foundations have amplified top-down coordination and rapid implementation of new policies in New York City. Using social network analysis, this chapter demonstrates that foundations are primarily ... More


Framing the Education Crisis

Christopher Bjork

in High-Stakes Schooling: What We Can Learn from Japan's Experiences with Testing, Accountability, and Education Reform

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226309385
eISBN:
9780226309552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309552.003.0002
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Chapter Two situates the themes of this book in broader social and political contexts. It compares the forces that have been driving calls for educational reform in Japan and the U.S. over the past ... More


Learning Policy: When State Education Reform Works

David K. Cohen and Heather C. Hill

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300089479
eISBN:
9780300133349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300089479.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Education

Education reformers and policymakers argue that improved students' learning requires stronger academic standards, stiffer state tests, and accountability for students' scores. Yet these efforts seem ... More


“Yes We Can” Improve America’s Schools?: From No Child Left Behind to President Obama’s Education Initiatives, 2003–2011

Jesse H. Rhodes

in An Education in Politics: The Origins and Evolution of No Child Left Behind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449710
eISBN:
9780801464195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449710.003.0006
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter focuses on the period between 2003 and 2011, which encompasses reaction against No Child Left Behind as well as the Obama administration's ambitious initiatives. It begins by describing ... More


The Social Sectors, Poverty, and Reform

Vijay Joshi and I. M. D. Little

in India's Economic Reforms, 1991-2001

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198290780
eISBN:
9780191596506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290780.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The effect of industrial reform on the social sector is the main aspect of this chapter. It examines the different effects of reform on the level of poverty in India. The authors propose ways to ... More


Accountability, Markets, and the Philanthropic Agenda

Sarah Reckhow

in Follow the Money: How Foundation Dollars Change Public School Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199937738
eISBN:
9780199980734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937738.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Three key trends have shaped the context for foundation involvement in urban education politics. First, the accountability system mandated by No Child Left Behind has heightened the importance of ... More


From Annenberg to Gates: Education Reform in New York City and Los Angeles, 1990–2005

Sarah Reckhow

in Follow the Money: How Foundation Dollars Change Public School Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199937738
eISBN:
9780199980734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937738.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Both New York City and Los Angeles received Annenberg Challenge grants to reform schools in the 1990s. This chapter explains the reform approach of the Annenberg Challenge in each city, compares it ... More


Deliberative Decentralization: Foundation Dollars and Los Angeles School Reform

Sarah Reckhow

in Follow the Money: How Foundation Dollars Change Public School Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199937738
eISBN:
9780199980734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937738.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Foundation grant-making in Los Angeles, unlike New York City, has engaged a more diverse set of stakeholders. Despite the fragmentation of policy-making and leadership in the district, the social ... More


Conclusions and Implications

Sarah Reckhow

in Follow the Money: How Foundation Dollars Change Public School Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199937738
eISBN:
9780199980734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937738.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Major foundations have clearly stepped beyond the realm of charity and into the realm of education policy and politics. The strategic targeting of foundation resources and clear policy agenda of the ... More


Introduction: The Boardroom Progressives

Sarah Reckhow

in Follow the Money: How Foundation Dollars Change Public School Politics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199937738
eISBN:
9780199980734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937738.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Major foundations play a central role in a new urban education reform movement. The approach of these reformers echoes the ideas of early 20th century Progressive reformers, combined with new ... More


Explaining the Development of American Education Policymaking

Jesse H. Rhodes

in An Education in Politics: The Origins and Evolution of No Child Left Behind

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449710
eISBN:
9780801464195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449710.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This book emphasizes the enduring tension between Americans' yearning for national leadership and their celebration of political pluralism and local control, illustrating the consequences of this ... More


De-biasing Democracy

John O. McGinnis

in Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter discusses how democracy can adopt reforms, including those based on new information technology, to combat bias more effectively. These include reinforcing majority rule and ... More


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