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Competition and Economic Performance: A Brief Review of the Literature

Tito Boeri, Micael Castanheira, Riccardo Faini, Vincenzo Galasso, Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Carcillo Stéphane, Jonathan Haskel, Giuseppe Nicoletti, Enrico Perotti, Carlo Scarpa, Lidia Tsyganok, and Christian Wey

in Structural Reforms Without Prejudices

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199203628
eISBN:
9780191708169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203628.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Theory is not ambiguous about the impact of competition on economic performance. Empirical evidence, however, suggests that competition raises productivity. Both policy-makers and the academic ... More


Entrepreneurship Capital and Economic Performance

David B. Audretsch, Max C. Keilbach, and Erik E. Lehmann

in Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195183511
eISBN:
9780199783663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183511.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter attempts to link entrepreneurship to economic performance. It provides empirical evidence consistent with the hypothesis that economic performance — output measured as GDP or economic ... More


The Economic Performance of Governments

Ian McAllister

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

A major conclusion of this book is that there are few consistent trends in popular support for the political community but there is high and perhaps even growing support for democratic values and ... More


Economic Performance and Political Support

Russell J. Dalton

in Democratic Challenges, Democratic Choices: The Erosion of Political Support in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199268436
eISBN:
9780191708572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268436.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the theory that the poor economic performance of government has eroded political support by the citizenry. The analyses examine the relationship between perceptions of the ... More


Five Years After the Fall: Trajectories of Support for Democracy in Post‐Communist Europe

William Mishler and Richard Rose

in Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295686
eISBN:
9780191600043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295685.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Assesses the trajectories and dynamics of public support for seven democratizing regimes in Central and Eastern Europe—Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and ... More


Efficiency and Productivity

Harold O. Fried, C. A. Knox Lovell, and S. Schmidt Shelton

in The Measurement of Productive Efficiency and Productivity Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195183528
eISBN:
9780199870288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183528.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter begins with a brief discussion of variations in productive efficiency using airlines as an example. It then presents the main purpose of the book, which is to study inefficiency in ... More


Empirical Evidence on Privatization in Transition Economies

William Leon Megginson

in The Financial Economics of Privatization

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780195150629
eISBN:
9780199835768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195150627.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines the impact of privatization on transition economies. It looks at how the 26 countries that emerged from the former Soviet bloc adapted to the new era of political freedom and ... More


FULFILLING THE BALLYHOO OF A PEAK ECONOMY? THE U.S. ECONOMIC MODEL

Richard B. Freeman

in United in Diversity?: Comparing Social Models in Europe and America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195376630
eISBN:
9780199865499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195376630.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

From the 1990s into the first decade of the 2000s, many economic analysts viewed the United States as the peak economy in the advanced world. This chapter offers a different interpretation of the ... More


Democratic and Economic Consolidation in Southern Europe

Stavros B. Thomadakis

in Democracy and the State in the New Southern Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199202812
eISBN:
9780191708008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202812.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Democratization

This chapter focuses on fiscal conditions and structures and how they evolved over time in Greece, Portugal, and Spain. Their evolution went through three phases, that is, democratization, ... More


Economic Performance and Quality Control

Lazega Emmanuel

in The Collegial Phenomenon: The Social Mechanisms of Cooperation Among Peers in a Corporate Law Partnership

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242726
eISBN:
9780191697166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242726.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

Niche seeking and status competition represent two potentially advantageous micro-political activities for individuals. This chapter focuses on their usefulness in connecting the interests of an ... More


Tradeoffs?

Lane Kenworthy

in Progress for the Poor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199591527
eISBN:
9780191731389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591527.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

If we commit to improvement in the absolute living standards of the least well-off, must we sacrifice other desirable outcomes? The comparative empirical evidence suggests not.


From Shock to Therapy: The Political Economy of Postsocialist Transformation

Grzegorz W. Kolodko

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297437
eISBN:
9780191685354
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297437.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The great transformation undertaken by the countries of the former communist bloc exhibits immense diversity and in terms of initial conditions, shifting target models, consistency, paths, speed, ... More


The Business of Jews

charles Dellheim

in Constructing Corporate America: History, Politics, Culture

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199251902
eISBN:
9780191719059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251902.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter focuses on the economic culture of Jews with particular emphasis on myths and practices. While steering clear of essentialist assumptions about intrinsic ‘racial traits’, it asks whether ... More


Defining and Measuring the Trajectory of Democratization

Andrew Reynolds

in Electoral Systems and Democratization in Southern Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295105
eISBN:
9780191600128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295103.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the first of four chapters that discusses the theoretical underpinnings of the research on democratization in southern Africa that is described in the book. It qualitatively and ... More


The Correlates of Political Support

Russell J. Dalton

in Democratic Challenges, Democratic Choices: The Erosion of Political Support in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199268436
eISBN:
9780191708572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268436.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter uses opinion data from the World Values Survey to compare levels of political support across a dozen advanced industrial democracies, and separate the various levels of political ... More


India in Transition: Freeing the Economy

Jagdish Bhagwati

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288473
eISBN:
9780191684609
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288473.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This book offers an overview of the policies that produced India's sorry economic performance over a third of a century. The author's analysis puts into sharp focus the crippling effects of the ... More


Economic performance: Growth, stability, and cohesion

André Sapir, Philippe Aghion, Giuseppe Bertola, Martin Hellwig, Jean Pisani-Ferry, Dariusz Rosati, José Viñals, Helen Wallace, Marco Buti, Mario Nava, and Peter M. Smith

in An Agenda for a Growing Europe: The Sapir Report

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199271481
eISBN:
9780191602573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271488.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This chapter presents an in-depth analysis of the European Union’s economic performance in terms of growth, macroeconomic stability, and cohesion. The discussion on growth focuses on long-term ... More


Types Of Political Economy, Spending, Taxing, And Economic Performance

HAROLD L. WILENSKY

in Rich Democracies: Political Economy, Public Policy, and Performance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520231764
eISBN:
9780520928336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520231764.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter evaluates the influence of political economy, government spending, and taxation on economic performance. It examines whether the expanding welfare state and the continuing push for ... More


Innovation, Resource Allocation, and Governance

Mary O'Sullivan

in Contests for Corporate Control: Corporate Governance and Economic Performance in the United States and Germany

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244867
eISBN:
9780191596735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244863.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Given the centrality of the process of innovation to the performance of dynamic economies, the types of corporate governance that will promote economic performance can be determined only within a ... More


International Competitiveness and Technological Change

Marcela Miozzo and Vivien Walsh

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199259236
eISBN:
9780191717901
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259236.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

This book analyses the role of technological change in the competitiveness of firms and national economies. This includes an examination of the roles of R&D spending, and the organizational and ... More


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