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Initial Conditions and State Political Competition

Daniel Berkowitz and Karen B. Clay

in The Evolution of a Nation: How Geography and Law Shaped the American States

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136042
eISBN:
9781400840540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136042.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter investigates the relationship between five initial conditions in states—temperature, precipitation, distance to oceans, distance to rivers and lakes, and colonial legal system—and ... More


Theories of Discrimination and Caste

Ashwani Deshpande

in The Grammar of Caste: Economic Discrimination in Contemporary India

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198072034
eISBN:
9780199081028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198072034.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter critically analyses the few economic theories that specifically investigate how social identity can impact economic outcomes and why we might encounter discrimination in market settings. ... More


Introduction: Telecommunications in Britain and France, National Institutions, and Change

Mark Thatcher

in The Politics of Telecommunications: National Institutions, Convergences, and Change in Britain and France

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280743
eISBN:
9780191684388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280743.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This introductory chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to examine the ability of nations to maintain dissimilar institutional arrangements in the face of powerful transnational forces ... More


Pay Systems, Career Paths, and Earnings Inequality

Clair Brown, Yoshifumi Nakata, Michael Reich, and Lloyd Ulman

in Work and Pay in the United States and Japan

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195115215
eISBN:
9780199854820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115215.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

Wage structures and the distribution of earned income in Japan and the U.S. and their relation to the broader institutional structure of each country's employment system are the main focus of this ... More


Ideology and Retrospection in Electoral Responses to the Great Recession

Larry M. Bartels

in Mass Politics in Tough Times: Opinions, Votes and Protest in the Great Recession

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199357505
eISBN:
9780199357536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357505.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter offers a statistical analysis of 42 elections in 28 OECD countries from 2007 through 2011. The results demonstrate that citizens reward or punish incumbent governments based on economic ... More


Long-Run Development and the New Cultural Economics

Boris Gershman

in Demographic Change and Long-Run Development

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036627
eISBN:
9780262341660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036627.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter talks about three major intertwined themes that emerge in the new cultural economics: causal effects of culture on economic outcomes and institutions, the origins of culture, and the ... More


The Economics of Language Policy

Michele Gazzola and Bengt-Arne Wickström (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034708
eISBN:
9780262335980
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034708.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

In an era of globalization, issues of language diversity have economic and political implications. Transnational labor mobility, trade, social inclusion of migrants, democracy in multilingual ... More


The Political Consequences of the Economic Crisis in Europe: Electoral Punishment and Popular Protest

Hanspeter Kriesi

in Mass Politics in Tough Times: Opinions, Votes and Protest in the Great Recession

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199357505
eISBN:
9780199357536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357505.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This exploratory chapter tries to link the electoral consequences of the Great Recession and the protest to which it has given rise. In the first part, the expectations of the economic voting ... More


Governance and Development: A Case Study of Pakistan

Ishrat Husain

in Development Models in Muslim Contexts: Chinese, 'Islamic' and Neo-liberal Alternatives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748639687
eISBN:
9780748653171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748639687.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Theoretical and empirical evidence from the past two decades shows that socioeconomic development is affected by the quality of governance and its institutions. Traditional factors in production ... More


Hispanic Entrepreneurs in the 2000s: An Economic Profile and Policy Implications

Alberto Davila and Marie T. Mora

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804777933
eISBN:
9780804788014
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804777933.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This book provides an in-depth economic and policy analysis of Hispanic entrepreneurs in the first decade of the 2000s. This book captures a flavor of issues related to the business cycle, economic ... More


Economic Opportunity and Youth Violence: Conclusions and Implications for Future Research

Curtis S. Florence and Sarah Beth Barnett

in Economics and Youth Violence: Crime, Disadvantage, and Community

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814789308
eISBN:
9780814760239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814789308.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This concluding chapter considers the implications for policy and prevention raised in the preceding chapters, focusing on three preconditions for the prevention of youth violence through ... More


Teen Pregnancy Prevention

Melissa Schettini Kearney

in Targeting Investments in Children: Fighting Poverty When Resources Are Limited

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226475813
eISBN:
9780226475837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226475837.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Teen childbearing is widely considered a major social problem. This chapter focuses on program interventions, but it also includes a brief discussion of the potential impacts of relevant public ... More


Would More Compulsory Schooling Help Disadvantaged Youth?: Evidence From Recent Changes to School-Leaving Laws

Philip Oreopoulos

in The Problems of Disadvantaged Youth: An Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226309453
eISBN:
9780226309477
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226309477.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Many states have discussed raising the school leaving age to seventeen or eighteen, almost making high school completion compulsory. This chapter uses these recent changes to the school leaving age ... More


The Design and Implementation of US Climate Policy

Don Fullerton and Catherine Wolfram (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226269146
eISBN:
9780226921983
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921983.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Economic research on climate change has been crucial in advancing our understanding of the consequences of global warming as well as the costs and benefits of the various policies that might reduce ... More


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