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Obesity under Affluence Varies by Welfare Regimes

Avner Offer, Rachel Pechey, and Stanley Ulijaszek

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0011
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Among affluent countries, those with market-liberal regimes (which are also English-speaking) tend to have the highest prevalence of obesity. The impact of cheap, accessible high-energy food is often ... More


Behavioural Biology and Obesity

Trenton G. Smith

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264980
eISBN:
9780191754135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

While conventional wisdom holds that excessive body weight is the product of some combination of a high-calorie diet and a sedentary lifestyle, public health measures aimed at these factors have been ... More


How People Respond to Participation Requests

Adam Seth Levine

in American Insecurity: Why Our Economic Fears Lead to Political Inaction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162966
eISBN:
9781400852130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162966.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter examines how people respond when the issues at stake refer to economic insecurity. It presents the results of a series of experiments in which citizens were randomly assigned to receive ... More


American Insecurity: Why Our Economic Fears Lead to Political Inaction

Adam Seth Levine

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162966
eISBN:
9781400852130
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162966.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Americans today face no shortage of threats to their financial well-being, such as job and retirement insecurity, health care costs, and spiraling college tuition. While one might expect that these ... More


The Challenge of Affluence

Avner Offer

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199216628
eISBN:
9780191696015
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216628.001.0001
Subject:
History, Economic History

Since the 1940s Americans and Britons have come to enjoy an era of rising material abundance. Yet this has been accompanied by a range of social and personal disorders, including family breakdown, ... More


Why Rhetoric about Economic Insecurity Can Be Self-Undermining

Adam Seth Levine

in American Insecurity: Why Our Economic Fears Lead to Political Inaction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162966
eISBN:
9781400852130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162966.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter presents a theory about how people decide to spend money or time on something. It shows the link between being reminded of a personal financial constraint and actual behavior requires ... More


Self-Undermining Rhetoric in the Past and Present

Adam Seth Levine

in American Insecurity: Why Our Economic Fears Lead to Political Inaction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691162966
eISBN:
9781400852130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691162966.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter considers the prospects for political change in the face of communicative barriers to collective action. It begins to address this question by identifying several of the most well-known ... More


Consumers’ Shift to Debt

Matthew P. Drennan

in Income Inequality: Why It Matters and Why Most Economists Didn't Notice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300209587
eISBN:
9780300216349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209587.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Debt of households has been rising rapidly since 1995. The debt to income ratio of the bottom 95 percent of the income distribution has risen well above 140 percent. The same measure for the top five ... More


Economic Security *

Mike Berry

in The Affluent Society Revisited

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199686506
eISBN:
9780191766374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686506.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

A key plank of Galbraith’s argument concerning the impact of affluence on contemporary society was the claim that the age-old problem of economic insecurity had all but disappeared as a factor in ... More


Risk and Lack of Diversification under Employee Ownership and Shared Capitalism

Joseph R. Blasi, Douglas L. Kruse, and Harry M. Markowitz

in Shared Capitalism at Work: Employee Ownership, Profit and Gain Sharing, and Broad-Based Stock Options

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226056951
eISBN:
9780226056968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226056968.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses the impact of subjective risk on workers' attitudes, preferences, and behaviors under shared capitalism and whether employee ownership and other forms of worker equity ... More


Crosscurrents of Crisis in 1970s America

Thomas Borstelmann

in The 1970s: A New Global History from Civil Rights to Economic Inequality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141565
eISBN:
9781400839704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141565.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines American anxieties about the longstanding foundations of American society and thought. By the 1970s, American society would be buffeted by powerful crosscurrents which reshaped ... More


Insider-Outsider Politics: Party Strategies and Political Behavior in Sweden

Johannes Lindvall and David Rueda

in The Age of Dualization: The Changing Face of Inequality in Deindustrializing Societies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199797899
eISBN:
9780199933488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199797899.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter is concerned with the relationship between party strategies and the political be-havior of insiders and outsiders in the labor market, concentrating on the risk that outsiders may become ... More


The One Percent Solution: How Corporations Are Remaking America One State at a Time

Gordon Lafer

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501703065
eISBN:
9781501708183
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501703065.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In the aftermath of the 2010 Citizens United decision, it's become commonplace to note the growing political dominance of a small segment of the economic elite. But what exactly are those members of ... More


The Burdens of Aspiration: Schools, Youth, and Success in the Divided Social Worlds of Silicon Valley

Elsa Davidson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814720875
eISBN:
9780814785065
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814720875.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

During the tech boom, Silicon Valley became one of the most concentrated zones of wealth polarization and social inequality in the United States—a place with a fast-disappearing middle class, ... More


The Quest for Security: Protection Without Protectionism and the Challenge of Global Governance

Joseph Stiglitz and Mary Kaldor (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156868
eISBN:
9780231527651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156868.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This book confronts the quest for security arising from the social, economic, environmental, and political crises and transformations of our century. It begins with an expansive, balanced analysis of ... More


Sharing Risk and Responsibility in a New Economic Era

Jacob S. Hacker

in Shared Responsibility, Shared Risk: Government, Markets and Social Policy in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199781911
eISBN:
9780190252519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781911.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter focuses on the “Great Risk Shift”, the transformation of the U.S. economy and society that has increased the economic insecurity of the nation's workers and their families. It attributes ... More


Social Protection Without Protectionism*

Joseph E. Stiglitz

in The Quest for Security: Protection Without Protectionism and the Challenge of Global Governance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156868
eISBN:
9780231527651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156868.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter focuses on the issue of economic insecurity. In spite of the social and economic progress of society in recent decades, people in both developed and developing countries have less ... More


Mobility and Insecurity: Dilemmas of the Black Middle Class

Todd M. Michney

in Surrogate Suburbs: Black Upward Mobility and Neighborhood Change in Cleveland, 1900-1980

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781469631943
eISBN:
9781469631967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469631943.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter considers the structural factors and life dilemmas upwardly mobile black Clevelanders faced even after achieving geographic mobility, and explicates the dynamic whereby less-affluent ... More


Guild Waqf: Between Religious Law and Common Law

Nelly Hanna

in Held in Trust: Waqf in the Islamic World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789774163937
eISBN:
9781617970924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774163937.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The study of waqf is a field that has known intensive scholarly work, this institution having for many decades been explored by legal scholars and historians who have scrutinized waqf law and the ... More


Pain at the Pump: Gas Prices, Life, and Death under Neoliberalism

Matthew T. Huber

in Lifeblood: Oil, Freedom, and the Forces of Capital

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816677849
eISBN:
9781452947402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816677849.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

One particular interpretation concerning the outrage over high gasoline prices is a prevalent cultural sense of entitlement to wasteful energy consumption patterns. This chapter demonstrates how the ... More


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