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The Unsustainable American State

Lawrence Jacobs and Desmond King (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The complexity of the American economy and polity has grown at an explosive rate in our era of globalization. Yet as the 2008 financial crisis revealed, the evolution of the American state has not ... More


Economic Inequality and Political Representation

Larry M. Bartels

in The Unsustainable American State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter reveals how increasing economic inequality among Americans engenders political inequality as well. Though every citizen should equally count in the area of politics and government in a ... More


A Historian's Reflection on the Unsustainable American State

Lizabeth Cohen

in The Unsustainable American State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Looking at the rising economic inequality of the last quarter century and how it undermines Americans' confidence that their democratic capitalist system remains sufficient in distributing political ... More


Promoting Inequality: The Politics of Higher Education Policy in an Era of Conservative Governance

Suzanne Mettler

in The Unsustainable American State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In previous times, the United States has been considered as a state that gives utmost priority to higher education. As seen in the history of education in the United States, governmental efforts to ... More


New Realities and Counterintuitive Worlds:: Accomplishments and Concerns

Vaclav Smil

in Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Technical advances based on unprecedented levels of energy use brought a new phenomenon of mass consumption as well as many obvious gains in the typical quality of life. However, they have not ... More


The Context: Growing Economic Inequality and Weakening Unions

Kay Lehman Schlozman, Sidney Verba, and Henry E. Brady

in The Unheavenly Chorus: Unequal Political Voice and the Broken Promise of American Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154848
eISBN:
9781400841912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154848.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter reviews evidence about two complex trends: the increase in economic inequality and the decrease in union membership. In two fundamental ways, class inequalities underlie this inquiry ... More


Liberal Democracy

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter focuses on the question whether affluent liberal democracies can cope with the challenge to their survival that weapons of mass destruction, harmful climate change, and environmental ... More


The Persistence of Unequal Voice

Kay Lehman Schlozman, Sidney Verba, and Henry E. Brady

in The Unheavenly Chorus: Unequal Political Voice and the Broken Promise of American Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154848
eISBN:
9781400841912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154848.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter investigates the differential voice of the advantaged and the disadvantaged. It first considers whether the participatory advantage of those who are high in socio-economic status (SES) ... More


Conclusions

Richard Breen and Ruud Luijkx

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Summarizes the findings of the previous 12 empirical chapters and discusses issues in the development of explanatory theories of social mobility. The chapter also addresses two sorts of explanation ... More


Racial Stigma: Toward a New Paradigm for Discrimination Theory

Glenn C. Loury

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0027
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This essay examines interconnections between “race” and economic inequality in the United States, focusing on the case of African Americans. It is crucially important to distinguish between racial ... More


Health inequalities post 2010

Jonathan Wistow, Tim Blackman, David Byrne, and Gerald Wistow

in Studying health inequalities: An applied approach

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447305286
eISBN:
9781447312031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305286.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The chapter begins by summarising evidence about New Labour’s record on heath inequalities and considers the implications of this given the shift from relatively high levels of public expenditure on ... More


Socio-economic inequalities in health in western Europe: From description to explanation to intervention

Johan P. Mackenbach

in Social Inequalities in Health: New evidence and policy implications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198568162
eISBN:
9780191724107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568162.003.00010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

During the last two decades, socio-economic inequalities in health have increasingly been recognized as an important public health issue throughout Western Europe. A search for evidence-based ... More


On Economic Inequality

Amartya Sen

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281931
eISBN:
9780191715815
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281935.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This book, which was first published in 1973, presents a systematic treatment of the conceptual framework as well as the practical problems of the measurement of economic inequality. Alternative ... More


Postwar Trends in Income, Earnings, and Schooling

Edward N. Wolff

in Does Education Really Help?: Skill, Work, and Inequality

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189964
eISBN:
9780199850792
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189964.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to consider whether government investment in education and training would be more or less effective at alleviating economic inequality ... More


Poverty, Equity, and Growth

Deepak Lal and H. Myint

in The Political Economy of Poverty, Equity and Growth: A Comparative Study

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294320
eISBN:
9780191596582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294328.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The interrelationships between poverty, equity, and growth are addressed. The first section of the chapter deals with various issues on the measurement of wealth and welfare, and provides a ... More


Poverty, inequality, and health in international perspective: a divided world?

David A. Leon and Gill Walt

in Poverty, Inequality, and Health: An International Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631961
eISBN:
9780191723599
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631961.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This introductory chapter has two main goals. First, it identifies and reflects on some of the main issues addressed in the book, and explores their interconnections. It then looks at some important ... More


Welfare Economics, Utilitarianism, and Equity

Amartya Sen

in On Economic Inequality

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281931
eISBN:
9780191715815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281935.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The usefulness of the main schools of welfare economics (old and new) in measuring inequality is analysed. It is noted that the literature on Pareto optimality avoids distributional judgements ... More


The Philosophy of Liberation

Kohn Margaret and McBride Keally

in Political Theories of Decolonization: Postcolonialism and the Problem of Foundations

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195399578
eISBN:
9780199894437
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399578.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, Comparative Politics

This chapter focuses on the economic dimension of postcolonial critique. It raises the question of how it is possible to build a distinctively postcolonial polity if the economy is dependent on the ... More


Measures of Inequality

Amartya Sen

in On Economic Inequality

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281931
eISBN:
9780191715815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281935.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Various measures of inequality that have been proposed in the literature are discussed. These fall into two categories: those that measure in some objective sense—positive measures that make no ... More


From Taxachusetts to the Massachusetts Miracle

Lily Geismer

in Don't Blame Us: Suburban Liberals and the Transformation of the Democratic Party

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157238
eISBN:
9781400852420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157238.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores both Governor Michael Dukakis's career from the early 1970s to his presidential bid and the state's economic turnaround, dubbed the “Massachusetts Miracle,” which made the ... More


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