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New Regimes

Johannes Lindvall

in Mass Unemployment and the State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590643
eISBN:
9780191723407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590643.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter describes the consolidation of new macroeconomic regimes in Denmark and the Netherlands in the early 1980s and the end of employment-oriented macroeconomic policies in Austria and Sweden ... More


Economic Culture and the Legitimacy of Self-interest

John Hendry

in Between Enterprise and Ethics: Business and Management in a Bimoral Society

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268634
eISBN:
9780191708381
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268634.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter traces the growing influence of economic culture in the late 20th century and the associated increase in the social legitimacy of self-interest. Key features of the economic mindset ... More


An Economic Assessment of European Commission Merger Control: 1958–2007 1

Bruce Lyons

in Competition Policy in the EU: Fifty Years on from the Treaty of Rome

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199566358
eISBN:
9780191722790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566358.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

This chapter provides an assessment of EC merger policy from three perspectives. First, it places the evolution of merger policy alongside the evolution of economic ideas in relation to competition ... More


The Intellectual Background in 1770–11

P. S. Atiyah

in The Rise and Fall of Freedom of Contract

Published in print:
1985
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198255277
eISBN:
9780191681578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198255277.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter provides additional intellectual background related to the freedom of contract in England in 1770. It examines the influence of medieval thoughts on the economic ideas of the time and ... More


The First Serious Optimist: A. C. Pigou and the Birth of Welfare Economics

Ian Kumekawa

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691163482
eISBN:
9781400885206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163482.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is an intellectual biography of the British economist A. C. Pigou (1877–1959), a founder of welfare economics and one of the twentieth century's most important and original thinkers. Though ... More


Finance and Trade

Stephen Conway

in Britain, Ireland, and Continental Europe in the Eighteenth Century: Similarities, Connections, Identities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199210855
eISBN:
9780191725111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199210855.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The first section explores the investment flows that connected Britain and Ireland to the rest of Europe. The second sketches out the contours of British and Irish trade with the Continent, and then ... More


Economics in Perspective: A Critical History

John Kenneth Galbraith

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171647
eISBN:
9781400889075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171647.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book presents a compelling and accessible history of economic ideas, from Aristotle through the twentieth century. Examining theories of the past that have a continuing modern resonance, the ... More


The IMF, Economic Schools of Thought, and Their Normative Underpinnings

Ben Clift

in The IMF and the Politics of Austerity in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198813088
eISBN:
9780191851070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813088.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter places the IMF’s recent and longer-term evolution within the context of evolving prevailing approaches in economics on macroeconomic and fiscal policy. It outlines briefly the ... More


Conclusion—IMF Intellectual Authority and the Politics of Economic Ideas after the Crash

Ben Clift

in The IMF and the Politics of Austerity in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198813088
eISBN:
9780191851070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813088.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The conclusion reflects on how the IMF’s post-crash rethink has sought to alter the contours of ‘sound’ economic policy. It reflects on the implications of the argument of the book as a whole about ... More


A Look at the Landscape

John Kenneth Galbraith

in Economics in Perspective: A Critical History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171647
eISBN:
9781400889075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171647.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses the history of economics and the events that shaped that history. It first considers the nature and content of economics, taking into account questions related to the theory of ... More


Lives of the Laureates: Twenty-three Nobel Economists

Roger W. Spencer and David A. Macpherson (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027960
eISBN:
9780262325868
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027960.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is an informal history of modern economic thought as told through autobiographical chapters by twenty-three Nobel Prize laureates in Economics. The chapters not only provide unique insights ... More


Hayek's Challenge: An Intellectual Biography of F.A. Hayek

Bruce Caldwell

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226091914
eISBN:
9780226091921
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226091921.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Friedrich A. Hayek is regarded as one of the preeminent economic theorists of the twentieth century, as much for his work outside of economics as for his work within it. During a career spanning ... More


Putting Economic Ideas Back into Innovation Policy

R. Glenn Hubbard

in The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity Revisited

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226473031
eISBN:
9780226473062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226473062.003.0021
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on some of the challenges in developing and implementing well-designed innovation policy initiatives. It points out the disjunction between arguments for particular policies—for ... More


After Adam

John Kenneth Galbraith

in Economics in Perspective: A Critical History

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691171647
eISBN:
9781400889075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691171647.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses some economic questions during the time of the Greek city-states and the Athenian Empire and later in the age of Rome. The basic industry of both ancient Greece and Rome was ... More


Intellectuals as Policy-Makers: The Value of Biography in the History of European Monetary Union

Kenneth Dyson and Ivo Maes

in Architects of the Euro: Intellectuals in the Making of European Monetary Union

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198735915
eISBN:
9780191799860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198735915.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, Political Economy

This chapter spells out the central questions. Who were the architects? From what sort of backgrounds did they come? What kinds of attitudes and beliefs inspired their engagement with Economic and ... More


The IMF and the Politics of Austerity in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis

Ben Clift

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198813088
eISBN:
9780191851070
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813088.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The book provides a path-breaking comprehensive analysis of how the IMF approach to fiscal policy has evolved since 2008, the Fund’s role within the politics of austerity, and how it worked to shape ... More


Globalization Aborted, 1966*

Rahul Mukherji

in Globalization and Deregulation: Ideas, Interests, and Institutional Change in India

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198096177
eISBN:
9780199082964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096177.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter details the political economy of the 1966 devaluation when India was faced with a grave crisis of foreign exchange. At that time, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was unsure about the ... More


Institutional Change and Competitiveness*: The Boom in Telecommunications

Rahul Mukherji

in Globalization and Deregulation: Ideas, Interests, and Institutional Change in India

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198096177
eISBN:
9780199082964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096177.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter describes institutional change in Indian telecommunications—from government monopoly to competition with private players. This transition has produced one of the world’s largest and most ... More


The IMF, the UK Policy Debate, and Debt and Deficit Discourse

Ben Clift

in The IMF and the Politics of Austerity in the Wake of the Global Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198813088
eISBN:
9780191851070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813088.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter charts changing character of the economic ideas informing fiscal policymaking in Britain, and Fund responses to them. Drawing on interviews with the Fund’s UK Missions and UK ... More


Reforms Challenged: The Power Sector in Andhra Pradesh

Rahul Mukherji

in Globalization and Deregulation: Ideas, Interests, and Institutional Change in India

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780198096177
eISBN:
9780199082964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096177.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter highlights a situation where reforms are challenged despite ideational changes within the government, when it is unable to deal with a powerful political constituency such as farmers. ... More


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