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Comparative Experimental Evidence from Machiguenga, Mapuche, Huinca, and American Populations

Joseph Henrich and Natalie Smith

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Experimental results are reported from Ultimatum and Public Goods Games performed among the Machiguenga of the Peruvian Amazon, the Mapuche and Huinca of southern Chile, and US control groups in Los ... More


Rational Expectations and Inflation

Thomas J. Sargent

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158709
eISBN:
9781400847648
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158709.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This collection of essays uses the lens of rational expectations theory to examine how governments anticipate and plan for inflation, and provides insight into the pioneering research for which the ... More


Neuroeconomics of risky decisions: from variables to strategies

Vinod Venkatraman, John W. Payne, and Scott A. Huettel

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

We make a variety of decisions throughout our lives. Some decisions involve outcomes whose values can be readily compared, especially when those outcomes are simple, immediate, and familiar. Other ... More


Balancing of Economic Law and Human Rights by the European Court of Justice

Bruno De Witte

in Human Rights in International Investment Law and Arbitration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578184
eISBN:
9780191722561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578184.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter explains the approach of the ECJ to the use of human rights principles in the application and interpretation of economic Community law. This question arises in three different ... More


Civil Society in British History: Ideas, Identities, Institutions

Jose Harris (ed.)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199260201
eISBN:
9780191717352
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260201.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Economic History

This book explores the many different strands in the language of civil society from the 16th to the 20th centuries. Through a series of case-studies it investigates the applicability of the term to a ... More


Gurus and Oracles: The Marketing of Information

Miklos Sarvary

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016940
eISBN:
9780262301176
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016940.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management

We live in an “Information Age” of overabundant data and lightning-fast transmission. Yet although information and knowledge represent key factors in most economic decisions, we often forget that ... More


Specialist versus Generalist Decision Making

Armin W. Schulz

in Efficient Cognition: The Evolution of Representational Decision Making

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037600
eISBN:
9780262345262
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037600.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A number of scholars argue that human and animal decision making, at least to the extent that it is driven by representational mental states, should be seen to be the result of the application of a ... More


Protected values and economic decision-making

Rajna Gibson, Carmen Tanner, and Alexander F. Wagner

in Handbook of Value: Perspectives from Economics, Neuroscience, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198716600
eISBN:
9780191807572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716600.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter starts by reflecting on the notion of “value” in economics. It then describes how economic decision-making models are framed and examines their moral dimension. The foundations of ... More


Biological Learning and Control: How the Brain Builds Representations, Predicts Events, and Makes Decisions

Reza Shadmehr and Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016964
eISBN:
9780262301282
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016964.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This book presents a theoretical framework for understanding the regularity of the brain’s perceptions, its reactions to sensory stimuli, and its control of movements. The book offers an account of ... More


The Suppression and Reassertion of National Values in Socialist Romania

Katherine Verdery

in National Ideology Under Socialism: Identity and Cultural Politics in Ceausescu's Romania

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520072169
eISBN:
9780520917286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520072169.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter illustrates the suppression and reassertion of national values in socialist Romania. The Romania of the late 1970s and 1980s provides a classic example of a breed that was becoming rare ... More


Explorations in the Economics of Aging

David A. Wise (ed.)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226903378
eISBN:
9780226903385
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226903385.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The next two decades will mark a new phase in the demographic transition of the United States as baby boomers become eligible for Social Security and Medicare. Drawing on evidence from the United ... More


Economic Measurement

Ben S. Bernanke

in Measuring Economic Sustainability and Progress

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226121338
eISBN:
9780226121475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226121475.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

Ben Bernanke’s opening remarks reflect on the importance of measurement in economic decision-making. The ultimate purpose of economics is to promote wellbeing, and variables in economic policy making ... More


Migration and Intergenerational Distribution Policy

Assaf Razin, Efraim Sadka, and Benjarong Suwankiri

in Migration and the Welfare State: Political-Economy Policy Formation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262016100
eISBN:
9780262298377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016100.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter combines the political economy of the pay-as-you-go (PAYG) social security systems and the political economy of migration to examine the interplay of migration and intergenerational ... More


The Microeconomics of Trust

Luigi Guiso

in Social Economics: Current and Emerging Avenues

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035651
eISBN:
9780262337915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035651.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Research on trust has been one of the most fertile areas over the past decade. It has involved contributions not only from all social science but also from biology and neuroscience. In this chapter I ... More


Uncertain Futures: Imaginaries, Narratives, and Calculation in the Economy

Jens Beckert and Richard Bronk (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198820802
eISBN:
9780191860430
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198820802.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

Uncertain Futures considers how economic actors visualize the future and decide how to act in conditions of radical uncertainty. It starts from the premise that since dynamic capitalist economies are ... More


Introduction

Dieter Helm

in The Carbon Crunch

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300186598
eISBN:
9780300188646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300186598.003.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter explains the current environmental challenges to carbon emissions. Such emissions have resulted in drastic climatic changes leading to terrible consequences. World leaders confronted ... More


The neuroscience of human cognition

Richard E. Passingham and James B. Rowe

in A Short Guide to Brain Imaging: The Neuroscience of Human Cognition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198709138
eISBN:
9780191815270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709138.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The motivation for an imaging study should be better than simply “little is known about the neural basis of X.” As in other areas of science, interest should be in phenomena that are in need of ... More


Evolution, Social Influence, and Sex Ratio

Vladas Griskevicius, Jeffry A. Simpson, Kristina M. Durante, John S. Kim, and Stephanie M. Cantu

in Six Degrees of Social Influence: Science, Application, and the Psychology of Robert Cialdini

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199743056
eISBN:
9780190255916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199743056.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter examines how sex ratios—a central concept in evolution—influence human behavior ranging from economic decisions to career choices. Drawing on Robert Cialdini's principles of influence, ... More


Global Vaccine Access as a Critical Intervention to Fight Infectious Disease, Antibiotic Resistance, and Poverty

Seth Berkley

in Global Management of Infectious Disease After Ebola

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190604882
eISBN:
9780190604912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190604882.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

In chapter 10, Seth Berkley assesses the effectiveness of Gavi in substantially declining rates of diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus; facilitating the development of an inexpensive vaccine for ... More


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