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Introduction

W. Kip Viscusi

in Rational Risk Policy: The 1996 Arne Ryde Memorial Lectures

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293637
eISBN:
9780191596995
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293631.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter introduces the linkage between economic behaviour and risk regulation policies. Analysis of individual behaviour often reveals the nature of private market failures and provides guidance ... More


Does Market Exposure Affect Economic Game Behavio r?: The Ultimatum Game and the Public Goods Game among the Tsimane' of Bolivia

Michael Gurven

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter focuses on the behaviour in the Ultimatum and Public Goods Games of the Tsimane’, a group of Bolivian forager–horticulturalists. The study attempts to answer two questions: (1) whether ... More


The Economist as Therapist: Methodological Ramifications of “Light” Paternalism

GEORGE LOEWNSTEIN and EMILY HAISLEY

in The Foundations of Positive and Normative Economics: A Hand Book

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195328318
eISBN:
9780199851768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328318.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

As people consider quality and price in deciding what to buy and where to buy stuff, and make other such decisions in consumption, economic behavior is perceived to entail rationality and ... More


Introduction

GREGORY C. CHOW

in Dynamic Economics: Optimization by the Lagrange Method

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195101928
eISBN:
9780199855032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101928.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Dynamic economics involves explaining economic behavior that occurs through time. Although all of the economic behavior expressed by both enterprises and individuals occurs through time, there is a ... More


Acts of Mathematical Creation

Paul Erickson

in The World the Game theorists Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226097039
eISBN:
9780226097206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226097206.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Despite the ex post facto identification of a number of “anticipations” of game-theoretic results through history, it is generally agreed that modern game theory’s founding work was mathematician ... More


Deconstructing and Reconceptualizing Market Abuse

EMILIOS AVGOULEAS

in The Mechanics and Regulation of Market Abuse: A Legal and Economic Analysis

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199244522
eISBN:
9780191715105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244522.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Competition Law

The identification of the link between insider dealing and market manipulation and the exploration of their conceptual and causal relationship with ‘bubbles’ and corporate governance failures should ... More


Conclusions

Louis Putterman

in Continuity and Change in China’s Rural Development: Collective and Reform Eras in Perspective

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078725
eISBN:
9780199854950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078725.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Despite the problems with the representativeness and generalizations of the Dahe data set, such information allows statistical investigations of economic behaviors of teams and team members during ... More


Mass Politics in Tough Times: Opinions, Votes and Protest in the Great Recession

Larry Bartels and Nancy Bermeo (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199357505
eISBN:
9780199357536
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357505.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book reveals how ordinary people in rich democracies responded to the Great Recession. Through cross-national statistical work and detailed case comparison, it surveys how the economic crisis ... More


Motivating Methodological Change

in Borrowed Knowledge: Chaos Theory and the Challenge of Learning across Disciplines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226429786
eISBN:
9780226429809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226429809.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines some detailed cases of the use of chaos theory to motivate change, especially in economics but also in legal and literary studies. It argues that in several instances this use ... More


Mass Politics in Tough Times

Nancy Bermeo and Larry M. Bartels

in Mass Politics in Tough Times: Opinions, Votes and Protest in the Great Recession

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199357505
eISBN:
9780199357536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357505.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter surveys how ordinary people reacted to the Great Recession. It introduces and elaborates on three themes emerging from the ten original essays that follow. First, voters were very likely ... More


The Inefficiency of Splitting the Bill

Uri Gneezy, Ernan Haruvy, and Hadas Yafe

in The Handbook of Market Design

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199570515
eISBN:
9780191765957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570515.003.0024
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines a restaurant setting in which groups of diners are faced with different ways of paying the bill. The manipulations are: splitting the bill, paying individually, having a portion ... More


Aging Issues in the United States and Japan

Seiritsu Ogura, Toshiaki Tachibanaki, and David A. Wise (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226620817
eISBN:
9780226620831
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226620831.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The population base in both the United States and Japan is growing older and, as those populations age, they provoke heretofore unexamined economic consequences. This comparative volume, the third in ... More


Rational Expectations Are Endogenous to and Abide by “the” Model

Eric Barthalon

in Uncertainty, Expectations, and Financial Instability: Reviving Allais's Lost Theory of Psychological Time

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231166287
eISBN:
9780231538305
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231166287.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter examines the main assumptions of the rational expectations hypothesis (REH). REH is a pillar of the neo-Walrasian approach to general equilibrium, a mathematically demanding theory ... More


Value and Why It Matters

Nick Gogerty

in The Nature of Value: How to Invest in the Adaptive Economy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162449
eISBN:
9780231535212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162449.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines value more closely, showing how a better understanding of value can lead to a better understanding of the economy's behavior. It presents the economy as an evolutionary system, ... More


Scandinavian Equality: A Prime Example of Protection Without Protectionism

Karl Ove Moene

in The Quest for Security: Protection Without Protectionism and the Challenge of Global Governance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231156868
eISBN:
9780231527651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231156868.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter argues that Scandinavian equality gives direction to governance, social consciousness, and economic behavior. It shows how coordination induces wage compression in the labor market, ... More


Introduction

David A. Wise

in Labor Markets and Firm Benefit Policies in Japan and the United States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226620947
eISBN:
9780226620954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226620954.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This is the fourth in a series of Japan Center for Economic Research-National Bureau of Economic Research volumes dealing with population aging, economic systems, and economic behavior in the United ... More


Milton Friedman as Teacher and Scholar

Robert E. Lucas

in Milton Friedman: Contributions to Economics and Public Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198704324
eISBN:
9780191773761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704324.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter contains personal memories of Milton Friedman’s teaching as part of the Chicago PhD program in the academic year 1960 and 1961, supplemented by textbook assignments and some of his ... More


Personae and Their Purposes

in Front Page Economics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226781983
eISBN:
9780226782010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226782010.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter fills in the narratives with the essential actors and their purposes. It specifically provides the characters as personae who put a familiar and memorable face on economic behavior and ... More


Monkey’s Thigh Is the Shaman’s Meat

Jana Fortier

in Kings of the Forest: The Cultural Resilience of Himalayan Hunter-Gatherers

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833220
eISBN:
9780824870089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833220.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter describes how Rautes hunt monkeys and how God, who demands that they hunt monkey, blesses this symbolic cannibalism. The process of hunting is not linear, with a beginning and an end. ... More


The Legacies of History

Gordon Redding and Michael A. Witt

in The Future of Chinese Capitalism: Choices and Chances: Choices and Chances

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199575879
eISBN:
9780191702204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575879.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter presents a discussion on Chinese culture as well as its institutions and order. It also concentrates on aspects related to organization and economic behavior as the focus is placed on ... More


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