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Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159287
eISBN:
9781400866557
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Bayesian modeling has become an indispensable tool for ecological research because it is uniquely suited to deal with complexity in a statistically coherent way. This book provides a comprehensive ... More


Some conclusions

David N. Thomas, G.E. (Tony) Fogg, Peter Convey, Christian H. Fritsen, Josep-Maria Gili, Rolf Gradinger, Johanna Laybourn-Parry, Keith Reid, and David W.H. Walton

in The Biology of Polar Regions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298112
eISBN:
9780191711640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298112.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts about polar habitats and polar ecology. It argues that polar habitats are unique and of great intrinsic interest to ecologists. Their study helps us ... More


Introduction

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This introductory chapter talks about how every creature is guided by its eyes as it carries out its accustomed behaviors. Each animal's eyes allows it to execute the behavior necessary for its ... More


Vision in Attenuating Media

Thomas W. Cronin, Sönke Johnsen, N. Justin Marshall, and Eric J. Warrant

in Visual Ecology

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151847
eISBN:
9781400853021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151847.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter argues that it is important to understand vision through attenuating media, especially for visual ecologists studying aquatic species. Few areas of visual ecology are filled with more ... More


The Ecology of Marine Fishes: California and Adjacent Waters

Larry Allen

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520246539
eISBN:
9780520932470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520246539.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Marine fishes have been intensively studied, and some of the fundamental ideas in the science of marine ecology have emerged from the body of knowledge derived from this diverse group of organisms. ... More


The Quintessential Naturalist: Honoring the Life and Legacy of Oliver P. Pearson

Douglas Kelt and Deborah Kaspin (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098596
eISBN:
9780520916159
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098596.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Oliver P. Pearson's studies on mammalian biology remain standard reading for ecologists, physiologists, taxonomists, and biogeographers. Reflecting this, the papers gathered here continue to expand ... More


Philosophy, Value Judgments, and Declining Amphibians

Sarah Aucoin, Robert G. Jaeger, and Steve Giambrone

in Amphibian Declines: The Conservation Status of United States Species

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235922
eISBN:
9780520929432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235922.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Most amphibian biologists would agree that some species of amphibians, or at least some populations of some species, are in decline and may be heading for extinction. Steven Shapin's (1996) view of ... More


The Roots of Human Ecology

William R. Burch Jr., Gary E. Machlis, and Jo Ellen Force

in The Structure and Dynamics of Human Ecosystems: Toward a Model for Understanding and Action

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300137033
eISBN:
9780300231632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300137033.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter looks at how the roots of human ecology lie primarily in general ecology, sociology, geography, and anthropology, as documented by numerous literature reviews. The idea for the ... More


The Ecologist and the New Ecology

Oswald J. Schmitz

in The New Ecology: Rethinking a Science for the Anthropocene

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780691160566
eISBN:
9781400883462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160566.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the efforts of ecologists—with the help of the New Ecology—to better understand nature in ecosystems created and heavily populated by humans. Ecology has developed into a ... More


Darwin’s Orchids (1862, 1877):: Origins, Development, and Impact

Peter Bernhardt and Retha Edens-Meier

in Darwin's Orchids: Then and Now

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226044910
eISBN:
9780226173641
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226173641.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

The correspondence and publications of Charles Darwin are reviewed to determine why he became an authority on the adaptive structure of orchid flowers even before he published On The Origin of ... More


Ascendant Ecology

Frank N. Egerton

in Roots of Ecology: Antiquity to Haeckel

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520271746
eISBN:
9780520953635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271746.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Darwin's Journal of Researches,coral reef book, and barnacle books contain significant ecological observations, but his revolutionary On the Origin of Speciesis a landmark ecological work. These and ... More


Open Sites in Model Building

in Unruly Complexity: Ecology, Interpretation, Engagement

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226790350
eISBN:
9780226790398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226790398.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In 1966, Richard Levins sketched a strategy of model building in ecology and population genetics that favored sacrificing precision to realism and generality. Discrepancies between a model and ... More


The Subtidal Ecology of Rocky Coasts: Local-regional- Biogeographic Patterns and Their Experimental Analysis

Sean D. Connell and Andrew D. Irving

in Marine Macroecology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

People are becoming increasingly aware that ecologists work on local patterns that are likely to represent the outcome of special and unique events incorporate variation from broad to local scales. ... More


James’s Animal Encounters

Benjamin Bateman

in The Modernist Art of Queer Survival

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190676537
eISBN:
9780190676568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190676537.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Henry James’s story “The Beast in the Jungle” is read as a response to the “nature fakers” controversy of the Progressive era. As Teddy Roosevelt and others insisted that nature is a war zone in ... More


Introduction

Peter Petraitis

in Multiple Stable States in Natural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199569342
eISBN:
9780191810084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199569342.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This introductory chapter explains how natural ecosystems can appear to be so persistent and susceptible to catastrophic change, such as the replacement of coral reefs with seaweeds; and the ... More


Catastrophe theory

Peter Petraitis

in Multiple Stable States in Natural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199569342
eISBN:
9780191810084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199569342.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter focuses on the Catastrophe Theory, particularly its standpoint in the well-known conventional views of multiple stable states. It discusses why the theory has been widely used by ... More


Using temporal and spatial patterns as evidence

Peter Petraitis

in Multiple Stable States in Natural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199569342
eISBN:
9780191810084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199569342.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter addresses the problems and issues that arise from trying to infer the existence of multiple stable states from observations of patterns in time and space. Patterns in nature are often ... More


Good-for-Nothings

Susan Wolf

in The Variety of Values: Essays on Morality, Meaning, and Love

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195332803
eISBN:
9780190219123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332803.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many people think that inanimate objects can only be good if they are good for someone whose existence is itself good. This might explain why the epithet “good-for-nothing” is a term of abuse. But ... More


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