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Tradeoffs and biodiversity

David M. Wilkinson

in Fundamental Processes in Ecology: An earth systems approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568469
eISBN:
9780191717611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568469.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Tradeoffs are a fundamental aspect of biodiversity as they prevent a few species from monopolizing the planet. Well-known ecological concepts, such as the niche, only make sense in the context of ... More


How Does Nutrition Structure Ecosystems?

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter assesses the consequences of individual nutrition for populations and the assemblages of species that comprise ecological communities. However, the ecological consequences of nutrition ... More


Evolutionary Community Ecology

Mark A. McPeek

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691088778
eISBN:
9781400888214
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691088778.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book develops a unified framework for understanding the structure of ecological community and the dynamics of natural selection that shape the evolution of the species inhabiting them. All ... More


Explorations in Ecospace

Maclaurin James and Sterelny Kim

in What Is Biodiversity?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226500805
eISBN:
9780226500829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226500829.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter focuses on local ecological communities, and on whether local communities are structured, organized systems; that is, systems whose organization has important effects on the identity and ... More


What If Ecological Communities Are Not Wholes?

Rachel Bryant

in The Environment: Philosophy, Science, and Ethics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017404
eISBN:
9780262301770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017404.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter focuses on the assumption that ecological communities are wholes and on explaining its importance to a community. This assumption posits that communities are closed networks of ... More


Ecology

Paul Schmid-Hempel

in Evolutionary Parasitology: The Integrated Study of Infections, Immunology, Ecology, and Genetics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199229482
eISBN:
9780191774744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229482.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses how ecology and ecological communities affect both the life-history and evolution of the parasite and the host. Ecological communities consist of populations of different ... More


Use and Abuse

Eric T. Freyfogle

in Our Oldest Task: Making Sense of Our Place in Nature

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226326399
eISBN:
9780226326429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226326429.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

The difficulty we have distinguishing the legitimate use of nature from the abuse of it is illustrated by conflicting claims that it is wrong or immoral to use riparian corridors in ways that kill ... More


Ecological Indicators: Model Comparisons and Establishing Meaning

Ralph B. Taylor

in Community Criminology: Fundamentals of Spatial and Temporal Scaling, Ecological Indicators, and Selectivity Bias

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814725498
eISBN:
9780814708033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814725498.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter highlights two conceptual roadblocks to systematic comparisons of competing ecological communities and crime models. First, key indicators in several communities and crime models are ... More


The Evolution of Restraint in Structured Populations: Setting the Stage for an Egalitarian Major Transition

Benjamin Kerr and Joshua Nahum

in The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015240
eISBN:
9780262295703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015240.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter considers the evolution of restraint in simple ecosystems. It specifically presents both simulation and experimental data on the evolution of restraint. It argues that spatial structure ... More


Marine Macroecology

Jon D. Witman and Kaustuv Roy (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226904115
eISBN:
9780226904146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226904146.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Pioneered in the late 1980s, the concept of macroecology—a framework for studying ecological communities with a focus on patterns and processes—revolutionized the field of ecology. Although this ... More


. Biota of the Pontchartrain Basin

Robert W. Hastings

in The Lakes of Pontchartrain: Their History and Environments

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2014
ISBN:
9781604732719
eISBN:
9781604734706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781604732719.003.0017
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter describes the major geomorphic regions and ecological communities in Lake Pontchartrain. Three major geomorphic regions are: the Marginal Deltaic Basin, which includes Lakes ... More


The Environment: Philosophy, Science, and Ethics

William P. Kabasenche, Michael O'Rourke, and Matthew H. Slater (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262017404
eISBN:
9780262301770
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262017404.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Philosophical reflections on the environment began with early philosophers’ invocation of a cosmology that mixed natural and supernatural phenomena. Today, the central philosophical problem posed by ... More


Food Web Complexity Enhances Ecological and Gaian Ecosystem Model

Stephan P. Harding

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0024
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the relationship between complexity and stability in ecological communities and how it has been a major area of speculation and research in ecology since the 1930s. Most ... More


The Effect of Natural Disturbances on the Avian Community of the Serengeti Woodlands

Ally K. Nkwabi, Anthony R. E. Sinclair, Kristine L. Metzger, and Simon A. R. Mduma

in Serengeti IV: Sustaining biodiversity in a coupled human-natural system

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226195834
eISBN:
9780226196336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226196336.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Natural disturbances such as fire and grazing create a mosaic of patches during the dry season. We found that fire, in particular, changed avian abundance. Although richness of species did not change ... More


Cooperation between Species

Raymond Pierotti and Brandy R. Fogg

in The First Domestication: How Wolves and Humans Coevolved

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780300226164
eISBN:
9780300231670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300226164.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This chapter reviews the study of cooperative behavior between species, with emphasis on examples of cooperative hunting found in a wide range of species. Seen in this context, the idea of ... More


Plantation Community

Carol A. MacLennan

in Sovereign Sugar: Industry and Environment in Hawaii

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824839499
eISBN:
9780824871536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824839499.003.0009
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter describes how the industrial plantation created a living rhythm to the tune of a global market that dictated the lives of workers and shaped the land. The plantation community is an ... More


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