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Seagrass communities

Peter Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568704
eISBN:
9780191717536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568704.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the composition of seagrass communities. Seagrass communities comprise epiphytes and sessile epifauna growing on seagrass leaves and rhizomes, as well as more mobile animals, ... More


Deciphering deuterostome phylogeny: molecular, morphological, and palaeontological perspectives

Andrew B. Smith and Billie J. Swalla

in Animal Evolution: Genomes, Fossils, and Trees

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199549429
eISBN:
9780191721601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199549429.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Developmental Biology

Deuterostomes are a monophyletic group of animals that include the vertebrates, invertebrate chordates, ambulacrarians, and xenoturbellids. Fossil representatives from most major deuterostome groups ... More


AMBULACRARIA

Claus Nielsen

in Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199606023
eISBN:
9780191774706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606023.003.0057
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

The Ambulacraria is a group in the animal kingdom that includes the echinoderms, pterobranchs, and enteropneusts. The ambulacrarians share similarities between their coelomic systems and their ... More


Phylum Echinodermata

Claus Nielsen

in Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199606023
eISBN:
9780191774706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606023.003.0058
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

The Echinodermata, one of the most well-defined phyla in the animal kingdom, is comprised of approximately 6,600 living species and a very extensive fossil record numbering about 13,000 species. ... More


Phylum Enteropneusta

Claus Nielsen

in Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199606023
eISBN:
9780191774706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606023.003.0060
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

The Enteropneusta is a well-defined phylum consisting of approximately ninety species of burrowing or creeping, marine, worm-like invertebrates. On the basis of morphological characters, ... More


Seagrass Communities

Peter J. Hogarth

in The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses, Third Edition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716549
eISBN:
9780191802676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716549.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Epiphytic algae settle on seagrass fronds, reducting photosynthesis. Gastropod molluscs browse the epiphytic flora, and may also damage or destroy the seagrasses themselves. Other gastropod species ... More


The invertebrate fossil record

T.S. Kemp

in The Origin of Higher Taxa: Palaeobiological, developmental, and ecological perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780199691883
eISBN:
9780191807565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691883.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Molecular sequence data has resulted in a largely agreed, well-resolved phylogeny of the invertebrates. The fossil Lagerstätten of the Cambrian contain several possible stem members of invertebrate ... More


Physiological effects of ocean acidification on animal calcifiers

Inna M. Sokolova, Omera B. Matoo, Gary H. Dickinson, and Elia Beniash

in Stressors in the Marine Environment: Physiological and ecological responses; societal implications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198718826
eISBN:
9780191788352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews the current state of knowledge about the diversity in physiological responses (including energy metabolism, acid–base balance, and biomineralization) to ocean acidification (OA) ... More


Echinodermata

Vladimir Mashanov, Olga Zueva, Tamara Rubilar, Lucia Epherra, and Jose E. García-Arrarás

in Structure and Evolution of Invertebrate Nervous Systems

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199682201
eISBN:
9780191813436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682201.003.0051
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Echinoderms are exclusively marine deuterostomes with about 7000 described living and roughly 13,000 extinct species. They are extremely diverse, occurring from the intertidal to the abyssal zones. ... More


Phenotypic Plasticity of Feeding Structures in Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Justin S. McAlister and Benjamin G. Miner (eds)

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786962
eISBN:
9780191829086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786962.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Nearly three decades ago, biologists discovered that planktotrophic larvae of sea urchins can alter the size of their ciliated feeding structures in response to the concentration of food (i.e., ... More


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