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Superstars and Pyramids: Two Complementary Explanations for Changes in Top Earnings

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter considers the explanation of top earnings that has received much recent attention: the superstar theory. Here, trade and technology have a clear role in expanding the reach of the most ... More


Conclusions

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter reviews the discussions in the preceding chapters. It argues that the distribution of earnings is not outside our control. Although governments are constrained by the global economy and ... More


Introduction: What This Lecture Is About

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This introductory chapter begins with a brief discussion of the overall theme of this book, which is the distribution of individual earnings or household income. Specifically, the book examines ... More


What We Are Seeking to Explain

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter considers two theories to explain the earnings dispersion in the different countries studied: shifting pay norms and pyramidal/superstar theories. It argues that the fanning out of the ... More


A Behavioural Model of Change in Differentials: The ‘Fanning Out’ at the Top of the Earnings Distribution

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter considers a behavioural model of changes in differentials, directed particularly at explaining the fanning out of the upper part of the earnings distribution. It suggests that changes ... More


Superstars and Pyramids

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This note describes the model of top earnings presented in Chapter 9. The model is a combination of superstar and hierarchical explanations. In the case of the superstar theory, there is no direct ... More


Economics of Time

John P. Burkett

in Microeconomics: Optimization, Experiments, and Behavior

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189629
eISBN:
9780199850778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189629.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines issues related to the economics of time. It explains that in addition to its application in the calculation of interest rate or the price for the use of money for a period of ... More


Introduction

Alfred Maizels, Robert Bacon, and George Mavrotas

in COMMODITY SUPPLY MANAGEMENT BY PRODUCING COUNTRIES: A Case-Study of the Tropical Beverage Crops

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198233381
eISBN:
9780191678981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233381.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Initially, the international commodity markets experienced high short-term price instability. Although there still were important commodities that showed short-term instability, real commodity prices ... More


Government Benefits

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter begins by examining the relationship between government benefits and inequality and between benefits and employment. It uses a new approach to measuring comparative benefit generosity, ... More


Skills

Lane Kenworthy

in Jobs with Equality

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199550593
eISBN:
9780191720727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550593.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Educational attainment is a good predictor of individuals' employment and earnings. In the standard view, this is because education is a useful measure of skills, which in turn are a key determinant ... More


The History of the British Coal Industry: Volume 1: Before 1700: Towards the Age of Coal

John Hatcher

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282822
eISBN:
9780191684418
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282822.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Economic History

Well before 1700, Britain had become heavily dependent upon coal for its fuel, and coalmining had taken its place among the nation's staple industries. This book traces the production and trade of ... More


Gender Equality in the Labour Market

Janet C. Gornick

in Gender and Welfare State Regimes

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294160
eISBN:
9780191600142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294166.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The topic of this chapter is women's access to paid work and its impact on their economic resources compared to men in general and within the family. It presents a cross‐national portrait of gender ... More


What Can You Do?

Gary S. Fields

in Working Hard, Working Poor: A Global Journey

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794645
eISBN:
9780199928606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794645.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

By this point, readers will have learned how the poorer half of the world's people work and what has been done in different countries to help the poor earn their way out of poverty. For readers who ... More


Behavioural Studies of the Effects of Regulation on Earnings Management and Accounting Choice *

Robert Libby and Nicholas Seybert

in Accounting, Organizations, and Institutions: Essays in Honour of Anthony Hopwood

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546350
eISBN:
9780191720048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546350.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter reviews recent behavioural studies of the effects of regulation on earnings management and accounting choice. It examines the impact of financial reporting, auditing, and other corporate ... More


Redefining Traditional Plans: Variations and Developments in Public Employee Retirement Plan Design

Keith Brainard

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Retiree benefits for US employees of state and local governments have been traditionally paid via defined benefit (DB) plans, but this arrangement has been neither monolithic nor static. This chapter ... More


Differences of Individual Earnings Within an Occupation

Henry Phelps Brown

in The Inequality of Pay

Published in print:
1979
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198851202
eISBN:
9780191596780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198851200.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

So far in the book, only the average pay in each occupation has been addressed, but there is generally a wide dispersion of individual pay about that average. The examination of these differences in ... More


The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

A.B. Atkinson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This book is about how much people earn and why the distribution of earnings has been changing over time. The gap between the top and bottom in the United States has widened significantly since 1980. ... More


Introduction to Part III

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the data provided for tewnty OECD countries and the analyses of their earnings distribution over the past 100 years. The analyses draw heavily from ... More


Australia

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on Australia and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that the widening of earning dispersion took place during the Golden Age of the ... More


Austria

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on Austria and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that from 1980, there has been a widening in the earnings distribution in Austria. A ... More


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