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Early Childhood Strategies for Closing the Socioeconomic Gap in School Outcomes

Clyde Hertzman, Lori Irwin, Arjumand Siddiqi, Emily Hertzman, and Ziba Vaghri

in Lessons in Educational Equality: Successful Approaches to Intractable Problems Around the World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199755011
eISBN:
9780199918867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755011.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The early years are critical for learning, health and well-being throughout life. Quality early childhood care and education (ECCE) programs, and early child development programs more generally, can ... More


A Dynamic Developmental Systems Approach to Understanding Offending in Early Adulthood

Deborah M. Capaldi and Margit Wiesner

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter begins by reviewing the current theory regarding developmental models of crime and delinquency, and issues of persistence and desistance from adolescence into the early adult period. We ... More


Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Pia Rebello Britto, Patrice L. Engle, and Charles M. Super (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Globally, young children bear the greatest burden of poverty, disease, neglect, and lack of educational opportunities. This volume’s goal is to promote evidence-based policies for advancing the ... More


Closing Commentary: implications for capacity

Aster Haregot

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0028
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

One of the largest challenges in improving the quality of early childhood development (ECD) programs and policies is service provider capacity. Often, programs cannot be implemented because of ... More


Early Childhood Development: translating research to global policy

Patrice L. Engle, Pia Rebello Britto, and Charles M. Super

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This introductory chapter has been designed to provide a broad definition of early childhood development (ECD) and a detailed description of the conceptual organizing framework of the volume. The ... More


The Role of the Health Sector in Early Childhood Development

Patrice L. Engle, Mary E. Young, and Giorgio Tamburlini

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The health sector plays a critical role in early childhood development (ECD), defined by the global goals of supporting child well-being, reaching the youngest children, and advancing other goals of ... More


The Nature and Impact of Risk and Protective Influences on Children’s Development in Low-Income Countries

Theodore D. Wachs and Atif Rahman

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Over 200 million children from low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries show compromised neural, cognitive, and social-emotional functioning due to exposure to preventable developmental risks. ... More


Social Protection and Welfare Systems: implications for early childhood development

Lawrence Aber, Linda Biersteker, Andrew Dawes, and Laura Rawlings

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

In most countries, the social protection and welfare system is directly responsible for addressing issues of destitution, poverty, and risk management. Currently, an undesirable gap exists between ... More


Paradigm Shifts and New Directions in Research on Early Childhood Development Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Hirokazu Yoshikawa and Ana María Nieto

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter identifies emerging paradigm shifts for research that can address the next generation of practice and policy questions in early childhood development (ECD) in low- and middle-income ... More


Global Policy Landscape and Early Childhood Development

Pia Rebello Britto, Nurper Ulkuer, William P. Hodges, and Michael F. McCarthy

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

International declarations and conventions play a unique role in global development by promoting human rights through principles of equality and nondiscrimination. They establish standards and ... More


Voices Less Heard: the importance of critical and “indigenous” perspectives

Alan Pence

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The last two decades have witnessed unparalleled international interest regarding the development of policies and programs for young children. This chapter places the contemporary discourse into the ... More


Closing Commentary the future of early childhood development in the global development agenda

Charles M. Super, Pia Rebello Britto, and Patrice L. Engle

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0029
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The closing commentary focuses attention on the future of early childhood development (ECD) in the global development agenda by drawing on the rich and varied evidence presented in the volume. The ... More


The Powerful Reach of Early Childhood Development: a science-based foundation for sound investment

Jack P. Shonkoff and Linda Richter

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This introductory commentary informs a broad understanding of the basic science of early childhood and early brain development, and its foundational importance for guiding productive public and ... More


Early Exposure to Ethanol Affects the Proliferation of Neuronal Precursors

Michael W. Miller

in Brain Development: Normal Processes and the Effects of Alcohol and Nicotine

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195183139
eISBN:
9780199865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195183139.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

The number of neurons constituting the brain is a direct reflection of the number of cells produced during early development. This chapter discusses the effects of ethanol on spatiotemporal patterns ... More


The Nature of Early Memory: An Adaptive Theory of the Genesis and Development of Memory

Mark L. Howe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195381412
eISBN:
9780199893867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381412.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book presents an exegesis of research and theory concerning the emergence and development of declarative, long-term memory from birth through early adolescence. The book also contains a ... More


Education-Based Approaches to Early Childhood Development

Chloe O’Gara

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

A learning crisis exists, despite almost universal school enrollment. Learning failure is concentrated in the first years of school, and reinforces patterns of social and economic inequities. Poor ... More


National Agency Systems

Maha B. Homsi and Lara A. Hussein

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Holistic development comes as a result of good health, nutrition, early stimulation, positive social and emotional interactions with significant adults/caregivers, play, learning opportunities, and ... More


Closing Commentary: implications for development

Deepa Grover

in Handbook of Early Childhood Development Research and Its Impact on Global Policy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199922994
eISBN:
9780199980420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922994.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This commentary draws on the critical evidence presented in the volume to provide recommendations for governments, nongovernmental organizations, and international development agencies to implement ... More


The Central Role of Families in the Lives of Children Affected by AIDS

Linda M Richter

in Protecting Childhood in the AIDS Pandemic: Finding Solutions that Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199765126
eISBN:
9780199918942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765126.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter argues that families, rather than individual children, need to be the targets for efforts to mitigate the effects of HIV and AIDS on children. First, families in all their diversity have ... More


Ideas from early childhood development approaches to contribute to Millennium Development Goals’ achievements in Latin America<sup>1</sup>

Laura Agosta

in Did the Millennium Development Goals Work?: Meeting Future Challenges with Past Lessons

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781447335702
eISBN:
9781447335740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447335702.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines trends in early childhood development (ECD) programmes in Latin America and their relevance to the achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in the region. It begins ... More


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