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Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Sara Booth and Deborah Dudgeon (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Dyspnoea (breathlessness) is an uncomfortable awareness of breathing that occurs in approximately 30–75% of terminal cancer patients. It is one of the most distressing symptoms for both patients and ... More


Surgical interventions to improve dyspnoea

Andrew J. Drain and Francis C. Wells

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0010
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter focuses on surgical interventions that alleviate or abolish dyspnoea. In general, surgical procedures are a careful balance of risks and benefits, but for advanced diseases in the chest, ... More


Oxygen and airflow

Christine McDonald and James Ward

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0008
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses the uses of oxygen therapy in the supportive care setting. This includes management of patients with conditions such as terminal cancer as well as those with long-term ... More


Non-pharmacological strategies for dyspnoea

Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman and DorAnne Donesky-Cuenco

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0010
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Despite optimal medical therapy and rehabilitation, nearly 75% of individuals with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease continue to experience dyspnoea with daily activities. ... More


Comprehensive supportive care for chronic pulmonary infections

Gary T. Buckholz and Charles F. von Gunten

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0021
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Chronic respiratory infections are a major healthcare issue around the world associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Treatment of these infections often entails prolonged antimicrobial ... More


Dyspnoea

Ingrid Harle and Deborah Dudgeon

in Palliative Medicine: A case-based manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694143
eISBN:
9780191739255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694143.003.0046
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter presents a case study to illustrate the necessary skills, attitudes, and knowledge needed to manage dyspnoea. It addresses several questions such as: What is dyspnoea? What is the ... More


Control of symptoms other than pain

CICELY SAUNDERS, MARY BAINES, and ROBERT DUNLOP

in Living with Dying: A Guide to Palliative Care

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192625144
eISBN:
9780191730009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192625144.003.0005
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter provides a brief account of the diagnosis and treatment of some of the common symptoms found in terminally ill patients. It discusses the causes and recommended treatment for these ... More


The genesis of breathlessness What do we understand?

Douglas Beach and Richard M. Schwartzstein

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

Breathlessness or dyspnoea in the clinical situation varies from one individual to another. Thus, a clinician must take a comprehensive physiological view of each patient when evaluating the cause of ... More


Multidimensional assessment of dyspnea

Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman and Deborah Dudgeon

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0002
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

dyspnoea is a subjective experience that includes interactions of various physical, psychological, social, and environmental factors that influence the person's perception of the symptom. This ... More


Breathlessness in children

Stephen Liben

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses breathlessness in children in paediatric palliative care. It discusses the most common signs of breathlessness in children, which may or may not be associated with shortness of ... More


Dyspnoea

Patricia M. Dacidson, Phillip J. Newton, and Peter S. Macdonald

in Supportive Care in Heart Failure

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570288
eISBN:
9780191730030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570288.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter aims to describe the physiological basis of dyspnoea; discuss a conceptual model for the patient's perception and management of dyspnoea; outline useful pharmacological and ... More


Control of Symptoms: Dyspnoea and Respiratory Symptoms

Rebecca Lyall and Deborah Gelinas

in Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From diagnosis to bereavement, 2nd Edn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199212934
eISBN:
9780191730368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212934.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

This chapter discusses the different symptoms arising from progressive respiratory muscle weakness and dyspnoea that happens to ALS patients. This progressive loss of respiratory muscle function in ... More


Oxygen and airflow

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0010
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the use of oxygen in the management of breathlessness or dyspnoea. It provides suggested guidelines for the use of oxygen in the palliation of breathlessness based on the ... More


Rehabilitation and exercise

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0011
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation and exercise in the control of dyspnoea. It explains that the goal of pulmonary rehabilitation is to achieve and maintain an ... More


Dyspnoea and respiratory muscle training

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0012
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the effectiveness of respiratory muscle training (RMT) in the management of dyspnoea. It explains that dysfunction of respiratory muscles occurs in chronic obstructive pulmonary ... More


Psychosocial therapies

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines psychosocial therapies and non-pharmacological interventions for dyspnoea. It suggests that psychosocial management should include an exploration of the meaning of dyspnoea for ... More


Occupational therapy and environmental modifications

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0015
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the role of occupational therapy in the management and treatment of dyspnoea. It explains that the objective of occupational therapy is first to establish what changes in ... More


Upper airflow obstruction

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0016
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines upper airflow obstruction in dyspnoea. It explains that obstruction of the major airways causes severe distress and that in most cases it is better to attempt active palliation ... More


Neuromuscular and skeletal diseases

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0018
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines breathlessness or dyspnoea associated with neuromuscular and skeletal disorders. Breathlessness in neuromuscular and skeletal disorders may be due to global respiratory muscle ... More


Dyspnoea in motor neurone disease (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis)

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0019
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines dyspnoea associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (AML). It explains that dyspnoea is a common symptom in motor neurone diseases. Opioids have been found effective in ... More


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