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Visual Aspects of Dyslexia

John Stein and Zoï Kapoula (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589814
eISBN:
9780191744785
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589814.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

Dyslexia affects about 10% of all children and is a potent cause of loss of self-confidence, personal and family misery, and waste of potential. Although the dominant view is that it is caused by ... More


The Neural Basis of Reading

Piers Cornelissen, Peter Hansen, Morten Kringelbach, and Ken Pugh (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Reading is a unique human skill, and modern societies rely extensively on literacy skills. Reading disability can therefore have a profound personal, economic, and social impact. However, the ... More


British Academy Lectures 2013-14

Janet Carsten and Simon Frith (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780197265864
eISBN:
9780191772016
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265864.001.0001
Subject:
History, World Early Modern History

The content derives from the British Academy’s public lecture programme which presents specialist research in an accessible manner. The papers range in subject matter over music, psychology, history, ... More


The Reading Networks and Dyslexia

John Stein

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

This chapter provides an overview of the reading networks and their implications for our understanding of developmental dyslexia. In particular, it focuses on the sublexical letter-sound conversion ... More


Visual Word Recognition: The First 500 Milliseconds, Recent Insights from Magnetoencephalography

Piers L. Cornelissen, Morten L. Kringelbach, and Peter C. Hansen

in The Neural Basis of Reading

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195300369
eISBN:
9780199863747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300369.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

As with most complex behaviors, visual word recognition is thought to result from the dynamic interplay between the elements of a distributed cortical and subcortical network. To understand fully how ... More


MEG and Reading: From Perception to Linguistic Analysis

Riitta Salmelin

in MEG: An Introduction to Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195307238
eISBN:
9780199863990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307238.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter focuses on the use of MEG in studying neural processes of fluent and impaired reading. It first tracks the cortical sequence of activation when reading familiar words, and then considers ... More


Colour as therapy

Arnold J. Wilkins

in Visual Stress

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521747
eISBN:
9780191706691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521747.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A new system for precision ophthalmic tinting is described, together with some preliminary findings. A colorimeter is described that illuminates text with coloured light in such a way that the hue, ... More


The Case for Letter Expertise

Karin H. James, Alan C.-N. Wong, and Gael Jobard

in Perceptual Expertise: Bridging Brain and Behavior

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195309607
eISBN:
9780199865291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309607.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Vision

The perception of single letters is a critical component of reading, as evidenced by deficits in letter perception in individuals with dyslexia. Thus, visual letter recognition is a type of ... More


VISUAL SAMPLING DURING TEXT READING

John M. Findlay

in Active Vision: The Psychology of Looking and Seeing

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198524793
eISBN:
9780191711817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524793.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter is a review of eye movements during text reading. It starts with a review of the basic patterns of visual sampling during reading, then discusses visual perception during fixations in ... More


Neuroconstructivism - I: How the brain constructs cognition

Denis Mareschal, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois, Michael Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas, and Gert Westermann

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198529910
eISBN:
9780191689710
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529910.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to understand ... More


Language

Kenneth M. Heilman

in Matter of Mind: A Neurologist's View of Brain-Behavior Relationships

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195144901
eISBN:
9780199865642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195144901.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter discusses the brain mechanisms underlying the three categories of language disorders: speech disorders, reading disorders, and writing disorders. Speech disorders include loss of speech ... More


Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Jacob A. Burack, James T. Enns, and Nathan A. Fox (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The premise of this volume is that the disciplines of cognitive neuroscience, development, and psychopathology are complementary in the study of human perception and attention. Although each ... More


Neuropsychological assessment and treatment of disorders of reading

J. Richard Hanley and Janice Kay

in The Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199234110
eISBN:
9780191594250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234110.003.16
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Clinical Psychology

Brain injury can disrupt the reading abilities of individuals whose performance was previously quite normal in a variety of different ways. This chapter discusses some of the most common and the most ... More


COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE, DEVELOPMENT, AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY: INTEGRATING PERSPECTIVE ON TYPICAL AND ATYPICAL TRAJECTORIES OF ATTENTION

James T. Enns and Jacob A. Burack

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

How do scientists of human behavior from three different perspectives approach the comparison of two highly publicized athletes of the 2008 Olympics: Shaun Johnson, a female American gymnast who is 5 ... More


DEFICIENT ANCHORING—A POTENTIAL LINK BETWEEN PERCEPTUAL AND COGNITIVE DIFFICULTIES AMONG INDIVIDUALS WITH DYSLEXIA

Karen Banai and Merav Ahissar

in Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology: Typical and Atypical Developmental Trajectories of Attention

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195315455
eISBN:
9780199979066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315455.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Different theoretical accounts of dyslexia have been proposed over the years, but none of the available accounts satisfactorily deals with the co-occurrence of perceptual deficits in many individuals ... More


Developmental disorders and multisensory perception

Elisabeth L. Hill, Laura Crane, and Andrew J. Bremner

in Multisensory Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199586059
eISBN:
9780191741470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586059.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter presents a review of research concerning multisensory processing impairments in three developmental disorders: developmental coordination disorder (DCD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), ... More


Literacy

Yvonne M. Griffiths

in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A neuroconstructivist approach

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199594818
eISBN:
9780191738166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594818.003.0076
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter reviews the evidence on reading development in Williams syndrome (WS) and two other genetically based neurodevelopmental disorders of language — dyslexia and Down syndrome (DS). By ... More


The Custom-Made Brain: Cerebral Plasticity, Regeneration, and Enhancement

Pierre-Marie Lledo and Jean-Didier Vincent

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164504
eISBN:
9780231534215
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164504.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book introduces the concepts of “cerebral plasticity” and the “regenerating brain,” describing what we know now about the processes through which the brain constantly reconstructs itself and the ... More


Visual Stress and its Relationship to Dyslexia

Chris Singleton

in Visual Aspects of Dyslexia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199589814
eISBN:
9780191744785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589814.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews current knowledge on visual stress, a condition characterised by visual-perceptual distortions and asthenopia when viewing text, impairing skilled reading. Visual stress is more ... More


Michael M. Merzenich

Larry R. Squire

in The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography: Volume 7

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195396133
eISBN:
9780199918409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195396133.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

Michael Merzenich has conducted studies defining the functional organization of the auditory and somatosensory nervous systems. Initial models of a commercially successful cochlear implant (now ... More


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