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Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 131, 2004 Lectures

P. J. Marshall (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263518
eISBN:
9780191734021
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263518.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This volume contains sixteen lectures given to the National Academy for the Humanities and Social Sciences in 2004. The topical issues debated in this volume include the patenting of AIDS drugs, the ... More


Cross-Cultural Research

Jorge Delva, Paula Allen-Meares, and Sandra L. Momper

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195382501
eISBN:
9780199777419
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382501.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The purpose of the book is to provide researchers with a framework to conduct research in a culturally sensitive manner with individuals, families, and communities in diverse cultural settings in the ... More


Conditioned Taste Aversion: Memory of a Special Kind

Jan Bures, F. Bermudez-Rattoni, and T. Yamamoto

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523475
eISBN:
9780191712678
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523475.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Conditioned taste aversion (CTA) is a robust defence device protecting animals against the repeated consumption of toxic food. CTA is due to an association of the gustatory conditional stimulus (CS) ... More


Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

David A Liberles (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Ancestral sequence reconstruction is a technique of growing importance in molecular evolutionary biology and comparative genomics. As a powerful tool for testing evolutionary and ecological ... More


Joined-Up Government

Vernon Bogdanor (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263334
eISBN:
9780191734564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263334.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Drawing together work presented at a conference held at the British Academy, this book provides a broad overview of one of the most significant aspects of modern government. Joined-up government is a ... More


Overcriminalization: The Limits of the Criminal Law

Douglas Husak

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195328714
eISBN:
9780199869947
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328714.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The United States suffers from too much criminal law and too much punishment. These two trends conspire to produce massive injustice. To rectify this injustice, we need to defend and implement a ... More


Drugs: Is the War Winnable?

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The federal government asserted a role in fighting narcotics abuse since the early 20th century, but it was not until the Richard Nixon administration starting in 1969 that a federal “war on drugs” ... More


Innovations in Practice and Service Delivery Across the Lifespan

David E. Biegel and Arthur Blum (eds)

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195111552
eISBN:
9780199865734
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111552.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

High rates of poverty and homelessness, especially among women and children; increasing alcohol and drug abuse problems; escalating teen violence; and inadequate services for the chronically mentally ... More


Israel's High‐Tech Catch‐Up Process: The Role of IPR and Other Policies

Meir Pugatch, Morris Teubal, and Odeda Zlotnick

in Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-Up: An International Comparative Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199574759
eISBN:
9780191722660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574759.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter discusses the experience of Israel. At the time of its independence in 1948, its people came from different parts of the world, providing them with international orientation from the ... More


Chapter Chapter Risk‐Sharing in Retiree Medical Benefits

George Wagoner, Anna Rappaport, Brian Fuller, and Frank Yeager

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The increase in both retiree medical care expenditures and the retired fraction of the population has put pressure on retiree health care insurance providers. This chapter assesses future prospects ... More


Supply control

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter is about supply control approaches to drug problems, a set of interventions targeting the production, distribution, and sale of illicit psychoactive substances. It begins by explaining ... More


 PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE, PUBLIC TRUST:: Toward Democratic Epistemic Practices

Lorraine Code

in Ecological Thinking: The Politics of Epistemic Location

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159431
eISBN:
9780199786411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159438.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Taking its point of departure from the suppression of research findings by a Canadian drug company with a vested interest in keeping them from the public eye, this chapter reads the ambiguous ... More


Contemporary Crime Politics in Congress

Lisa L. Miller

in The Perils of Federalism: Race, Poverty, and the Politics of Crime Control

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195331684
eISBN:
9780199867967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331684.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Drawing on three datasets of congressional hearings on crime, this chapter offers a picture of the interest group environment at the national level that is decidedly skewed toward government ... More


The Experience of Drugs

Paul E. Willis

in Profane Culture

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163697
eISBN:
9781400865147
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163697.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter discusses the role of drugs in hippy culture. Drugs were used massively by the hippies, and there was a wide and well-used range of terms for types and sub-types of various drugs. There ... More


Illegal markets: the economics of drug distribution and social harm

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes what is known about drug markets, and the nature and extent of harms that arise from them. It begins with a brief theoretical discussion about the structure, prices, ... More


Health and social services for drug users

Thomas Babor, Jonathan Caulkins, Griffith Edwards, Benedikt Fischer, David Foxcroft, Keith Humphreys, Isidore Obot, Jürgen Rehm, Peter Reuter, Robin Room, Ingeborg Rossow, and John Strang

in Drug Policy and the Public Good

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199557127
eISBN:
9780191721373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557127.003.009
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes services designed to change the behaviour of drug users, with the aim of benefiting them and those people around them. The goals of such services are diverse, and may include ... More


 Pharmacological and Psychological Interventions

Walter Glannon

in Bioethics and the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195307788
eISBN:
9780199867431
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307788.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter assesses the potential benefits and harms of actual and possible uses of psychopharmacological agents for prevention, therapy, and enhancement. These include using drugs to prevent or ... More


Making a Federal Case of It

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Over the years, Congress has consistently increased the jurisdiction of federal courts over crime, from 17 specified offenses when the nation was founded to several thousand now. More than 40% of ... More


Smarter Ways to Fight Crime

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

By 2001, the federal government was spending more than $5.3 billion each year to help states and cities combat crime, on top of the many billions allocated locally. In many instances, the money was ... More


From Morality to Mental Health: Virtue and Vice in a Therapeutic Culture

Mike W. Martin

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195304718
eISBN:
9780199786572
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195304713.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Morality and mental health are now inseparably linked in our view of character. Alcoholics are sick, yet they are punished for drunk driving. Drug addicts are criminals, but their punishment can be ... More


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