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From Punishment to Harm Reduction: Resecularization of Addiction in Contemporary Iran

Amir Arsalan Afkhami

in Contemporary Iran: Economy, Society, Politics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195378481
eISBN:
9780199852345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378481.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter analyzes the issue of addiction. It argues that after the Revolution the treatment of substance abuse began to be seen by the government outside the previously held medical paradigm. In ... More


Joined-Up Government

Vernon Bogdanor (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263334
eISBN:
9780191734564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263334.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Drawing together work presented at a conference held at the British Academy, this book provides a broad overview of one of the most significant aspects of modern government. Joined-up government is a ... More


Internal Stimuli Generated by Abused Substances: Role of Pavlovian Conditioning and Its Implications for Drug Addiction

Rick A. Bevins and Jennifer E. Murray

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0084
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Consideration of the importance of Pavlovian conditioning involving interoceptive stimuli to health-related issues dates back to Pavlov. Despite this long history and its likely importance, the ... More


Marijuana’s Perceived Addictiveness: A Survey of Clinicians and Researchers

Robert Gore and Mitch Earleywine

in Pot Politics: Marijuana and the Costs of Prohibition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195188028
eISBN:
9780199893577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188028.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

Although experts influence public opinion regarding drug addictiveness, no previous research surveys the opinions of different groups of experts in order to compare their ratings of addictiveness. ... More


The neuropsychology of stimulant and opiate dependence: neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies

Karen D. Ersche

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Chronic use of stimulants and/or opiates has been associated with a wide range of cognitive deficits, involving domains of attention, inhibitory control, planning, decision making, learning, and ... More


“Force Is the Best Medicine”: Addiction, Recovery, and Coercion

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines how drug court advocates move from an emphasis on drug addiction as a “genuine neurobiological disease of the brain” to the conclusion that “force is the best medicine” when ... More


Both Bad and Sick

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter traces the history of drug courts and discusses the sociology of knowledge literature. Drug courts, created partly in response to the overcrowding of jails and prisons resulting from ... More


Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Mauricio R. Delgado, Elizabeth A. Phelps, and Trevor W. Robbins (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This latest volume in the Attention and Performance series focuses on two of the fastest moving research areas in cognitive and affective neuroscience — decision making and emotional processing. This ... More


Addiction: The pleasures and perils of operant behavior

Bennett Foddy

in Addiction and Choice: Rethinking the relationship

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198727224
eISBN:
9780191833427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198727224.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter compares the epidemiological and neuroscientific data on different addictions and addiction-like syndromes, from drug addiction to binge-eating disorders, gambling, and videogame ... More


“Enlightened Coercion”: Making Coercion Work

Rebecca Tiger

in Judging Addicts: Drug Courts and Coercion in the Justice System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814784068
eISBN:
9780814759417
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814784068.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines how medicalized theories of addiction became the basis for the broad support for drug courts and for advocates' argument in support of enlightened coercion. It begins with a ... More


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